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  Monday 6th of December 2021 07:42 AM


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Sudbury Housing tenant says shes living with bed bugs …

by admin ·

Sudbury -

Mellissa Bergeron first moved into her unit on Bruce Avenue in Sudbury a year ago, but it wasnt until a fire next door about six months ago that she said bed bugs and cockroaches infiltrated her unit.

Bergeron said her son is covered in bites, and she worries for her young daughter. She said because of all of the things wrong with her unit, she's refusing to pay rent to Sudbury Housing.

Housing wont fix it -- they say it's my fault, that Im a dirty woman," she said. "Theres been no help. Ive pleaded and begged. Theyve taken me to court for withholding my rent (but) they wont see it on my side."

She said there's a host of other problems connected with her apartment that badly need to be addressed.

My basement wall is molding and falling apart -- you can pull the whole plywood off of the wall and it would crumble everywhere," said Bergeron.

"Theres walls bubbling, finishing nails that are popping out because of the water damage from them putting the fire out. Theres a dead raccoon living in the ceiling above my bed. My attic roof fell on my head and gave me a concussion.

While shes concerned about her home, it's the health of her nine-year-old son and 14-month-old daughter shes most concerned about.

My son is so covered in bites that he is so itchy, hes ripping them wide open and he looks battered and bruised from it," she said.

"My 14-month-old daughter has them all over her legs, all over her body. (She) has something called cockroach fever and is getting very violently ill.

In order to fix the infestation, Bergeron said Sudbury Housing told her she would have to pay the rent she owes and get rid of everything she owns.

They havent done anything," she said. "I have to throw out everything I own, my children own. I dont get to keep anything because of this. Then they will come and clean out my home for me to be comfortable in it.

When CTV reached out to the city for comment, we received the following statement:

We have an extensive pest management program that provides support to our residents during a pest infestation. We have been working closely with our pest contractor to resolve pest issues, and we stepped up our program in September to provide greater assistance to our residents.

"As with any pest management process, cooperation from residents is required in order to assist with treatment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, some residents have not reported their infestations to the maintenance department or been willing to permit staff and pest contractors to have access to their units to complete necessary treatments.

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Holocaust exhibition through the eyes of children at Chilliwack Museum Chilliwack Progress – Chilliwack Progress

by admin ·

A travelling Holocaust exhibition geared specifically to children is at the Chilliwack Museum for the next three months.

Tell Me A Story! Youth Literature and the Holocaust, is an interactive exhibit on loan from the Montreal Holocaust Museum to introduce the history of the Holocaust and the Second World War to children aged eight and older.

I think its really important to continue educating about the Holocaust, said Kate Feltren, curator with the Chilliwack Museum and Archives.

The exhibition showcases five works of youth literature inspired by true stories, allowing visitors to see the horrors of Holocaust through childrens eyes.

There are several replica pieces for children to touch and feel in the interactive exhibition Tell Me A Story! Youth Literature and the Holocaust at the Chilliwack Museum, such as this dress. (Jenna Hauck/ Chilliwack Progress)

Kids will learn about the life of 13-year-old Anneke Van Raalte. She and her family were imprisoned in the Theresienstadt camp-ghetto because they were Jewish.

During the war, I had to work and scrub pots. I was always hungry, the little girl recounts. At night, I tried to ignore the bed bugs.

There are several replica pieces for children to touch and feel in the interactive exhibition Tell Me A Story! Youth Literature and the Holocaust at the Chilliwack Museum . (Jenna Hauck/ Chilliwack Progress)

One section, called Hanas Suitcase, tells the story of young Hana Brady and how her suitcase ends up in Tokyo at the Holocaust Education Centre where the director then tries to find out what happened to Hana once the war was over.

And then theres Holocaust survivor Marguerite lias-Quddus. Her story is centred on the three years that she and her sister spent in hiding under false identities with several families in France during the Second World War.

The displays offer a starting point for raising awareness about the dangers of racism and antisemitism, museum officials said in a press release.

The exhibition was designed to be highly interactive so young hands can touch and feel many of the replica items such as a photo album, a dress, and items in Hanas suitcase like a knitted sweater.

While this exhibition comes from Montreal, the content has global significance and impacts the community of Chilliwack, Feltren added.

To demonstrate this, we are highlighting the stories of the Chilliwack community through testimonies and objects from our collection, and from the Jewish Museum and Archives of B.C.

She contacted the Jewish Museum and Archives of B.C. after having found oral interviews online with the Sussel family of Chilliwack.

The museum supplied her with a number of photographs of the family which are now part of the exhibit. She combined those images along with a story and three artifacts from the Chilliwack Museum and Archives collection which the Sussels brought with them to Canada from Germany.

These items cigarette holder, monogram seal and cigarette case were brought over by the Sussel family who were forsed to leave Germany in 1935 prior to the start of the Second World War. They moved to Chilliwack in 1941. (Jenna Hauck/ Chilliwack Progress)

Feltren also put together a panel on the Kozlowski family from Poland. They came to Chilliwack thanks to sponsorship from the Chilliwack Refugee Year Committee.

The whole community came together and raised money to secure them housing and food and everything, Feltren said of the Kozlowskis.

Theres also a piece on how Chilliwacks Dutch community grew following the war.

Our goal is to help our community make the connection between past and present, and place our experiences as a community into the global perspective,said Sarah Belley, education and engagement coordinator.

Tell Me A Story! Youth Literature and the Holocaust is on display at the Chilliwack Museum from now until Feb. 5. Hours are Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., on Thursdays until 8 p.m., and Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. More information on admissions can be found at

Education programs are also being offered in conjunction with this exhibition. Contact Sarah Belley at 604-795-5210 ext.103 or for more information.

RELATED: Imaginative artwork wanted for community art show at Chilliwack Museum

This replica of a heart-shaped greeting card was given to Fania Fainer on her 20th birthday in Auschwitz on Dec. 12, 1944. (Jenna Hauck/ Chilliwack Progress)

There are several pieces for children to touch and feel in the interactive exhibition Tell Me A Story! Youth Literature and the Holocaust at the Chilliwack Museum . (Jenna Hauck/ Chilliwack Progress)

Do you have something to add to this story, or something else we should report on? Email: jenna.hauck@theprogress.comTwitter: @PhotoJennalism

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Mattress Disposal, Removal & Recycling | 1-800-GOT-JUNK?

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Tossing an old mattress can be difficult. Not only are mattresses large and difficult to move on your own, they also cant simply be thrown in the garbage. If you handle it on your own, most of the options for mattress disposal will require a lot of time and effort on your part.

The good news is, theres an easy way to get rid of your old mattress. (And it doesnt involve abandoning it in an alleyway!) If you need a hand with mattress removal, give 1-800-GOT-JUNK? a call. Well get that old mattress out of your way in no time and you wont have to lift a finger. Let us do all the heavy lifting for you. All you have to do is point! Were in your neighborhoodfind a 1-800-GOT-JUNK? location near you.

Absolutely! As long as your mattress is in good condition, it can be donated. This means your mattress should be free from stains, rips, or tears, and not be broken in any way. Each local charitable organization that accepts mattress donations will have slightly different standards for what they take, so its best to check with them before you drop it off.

Rules and regulations differ from city to city, so accepting mattresses with bed bugs might not be possible for every 1-800-GOT-JUNK? location.

If you are dealing with a bed bug problem, please let us know ahead of time when you book your on-site estimate. If were able to accept it, we ask that you have a pest control professional treat and wrap your mattress completely in plastic before we arrive for pickup. It should also be labeled as Contains Bed Bugs to alert others who may handle the mattress. This helps to ensure that the bed bugs from your mattress aren't spread to other people's homes.

Yes, mattresses can be recycled and the practice is fairly common. Through mattress recycling, approximately 80-90% of the mattress can be reused. Thats quite a lot of material that can be reused and turned into new products!

Steel springs, wood frames, stuffing, and fabric are all contained in a mattress and can be recycled and reused in different ways. However, mattresses cant simply be left out for pickup with your regular recycling. Youll often need to find a facility that specializes in mattress recycling, and youll need to transport it there on your own.

When you decide to recycle your old mattress, you help reduce the amount of waste that ends up in your local landfill. Many parts of the mattress need to be recycled, as they take decades to decompose if they end up in a landfill.

There are several signs that it's time to get a new mattress. These include:

Sleeping on an old mattress could have long term effects on your health, so its important to address the issue as soon as possible.

Yes, old mattresses often cause allergies. If you have allergy symptoms only at night time, your mattress could be infested with dust mites! They are one of the most common household allergens and like to hide in the cotton folds of your mattress. If you think this is the case, its best to get rid of the mattress immediately and get a new one that is dust mite resistant.

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Household Insect Identification: A Guide to the Species in …

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GreenMind publishes authoritative and detailed guides to the things you're curious about.

There are many common bugs that are found in homes including centipedes, spiders, silverfish, and many other creepy-crawlies that share your space, whether you want to or not. To most people, all house bugs are pretty much the same. They're either big brown bugs or little black bugs, scampering out of sight behind the washer in the basement. They may look the same, but they're not all the same. Of course, some of these insects are good to have in your home while others are not so good. This guide will help you identify the bugs, insects, and spiders that you find in your house so that you can decide if you have a problem or not.

It pays to know which bug is which since they may not all be poisonous or even harmful. In fact, you may want to leave the bug alone if their presence is beneficial. On the other hand, some house bugs are actually a sign of infestation or unsanitary conditions. For example, do you know what a "moth fly" is? You might want to spend a few minutes getting to know the bugs in your house that you see scampering across your kitchen floor. This guide will help you do just that.

Bed bugs hide in beds and bite humans to feed on their blood.

Bed bugs used to be a problem strictly for the southern US, but in the past few years, these irritating pests have spread north as far as Canada. Global warming may have something to do with it, as bed bugs are not the only species enjoying a northern invasion.

Whatever the cause, bed bugs are now a real threat, and they are really nasty. They live in colonies in seams and crevices around your bed, coming out at night to bite you and drink your blood. They like to bite, take a few steps, and bite again. This means they track their poop into the bites, sometimes causing infections. The bites themselves are itchy red bumps, often in a line. If you have think you have bed bugs, there are products you can buy online before you make the expensive and toxic call to the exterminator.

Try products available online before calling an exterminator.

Appear at night to drink your blood. May cause infections.

They live in colonies in seams and crevices around your bed.

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You should immediately look into an exterminator who can assess and hopefully remedy the situation if you think you have termites. Termites are a little like ants, with one major (and bad) exceptiontermites eat wood. If you live in a wood house and you have termites, then they are eating your house. Little by little, termite damage introduces moisture and rot, and the result can be catastrophic. Do not waste time if you find insects in your home that resemble small, pale ants. Call a pest control service, and get it taken care of. If you're worried that termites may be eyeing your home preparing for an invasion, then you might consider one of the several termite detection systems that are available. These kits cost a lot less than treatment from an exterminator, and don't involve any poisons or invasive treatments.

Call an exterminator immediately.

They eat wood and can introduce moisture and rot damage.

Termites thrive in homes made of wood.

Earwigs get their name from the old European myth that they crawl into people's ears and tunnel into their brains while they are sleeping.

Poor Earwig. His only crime is looking dangerous thanks to those scary pincers. Scientists believe that the pincers may serve a role in mate selection or possibly protection since they look so intimidating. But actually, unlike pincers on some beetles and other biting insects, the earwig's biters are on the rear end and lack the muscles needed to actually bite with any force.

This peaceful, harmless little animal spends most of his time outside nibbling on the edges of leaves. Earwigs become household bugs in the winter when they are looking for a place to stay warm. They don't go in your ears, they can't bite, and those pincers on their butt are incapable of actually pinching anyone. This means you can take a deep breath, and leave them alone!

Their pinchers are ineffective for biting. They do not try to invade your ears.

Spend most of their time outside nibbling on leaves.

Spend most of their time outside.

Drain flies, or moth flies, are small, dark-winged, non-biting gnats.

These cool-looking, but annoying little insects love dirty drains and unsanitary conditions. They look like little gray moths with broad wings and feathery antennae, but they're really a species of fly that has adapted to life in your home. They often show up flying around in the stall while you're taking a shower, and they're surprisingly hard to smack because they're fast like most flies. Moth flies indicate an unhealthy situation in your drains.

Moth flies live in your tub and sink drains. They especially like the dirty conditions they find in most basement drains. They're not too hard to deal with once you know where they live. Simply pour some bleach into the drain, and you'll kill both the adults and the larvae (and yes, since these are flies, their larvae are called maggots.)

These moths are a sign of dirty, unsanitary draining conditions. Pour beach down the drain to eliminate adults and larvae.

They make dirty living conditions even dirtier.

Moth flies live in your bathtub and sink drains.

The brown recluse spider is predominantly found in the Midwest and Southeast of the United States.

Identifying brown recluse spiders can be tricky, since they tend to look like any number of harmless house spiders. This easy guide will assist you in determining if you have a problem with these venomous arachnids.

In my experience, the only good way to control brown recluse spiders is with sticky traps. Using toxins and poisons is only going to kill everything in your house! The brown recluse is a venomous arachnid that lives in dark corners of basements and garages (and in nature under rocks and in stumps). It goes out hunting at night, which means you can sometimes get bitten without even knowing it. The good news is that scientists are starting to suspect that the brown recluse rarely injects a lot of venom when it bites. The bad bites attributed to brown recluses may be due to other factorsmeaning the spider is less of a threat than was once thought.

This spider is venomous, although they rarely inject poison upon biting.

Hunts at night and flees upon detecting danger.

They are nocturnal and prefer dark corners of basements and garages.

If you think you have found a brown recluse, carefully coax the spider in a jar, and take it to the local nature museum or exterminator for identification. A dead, smashed spider will not be easy to identify, so it needs to be alive if possible. If it turns out that you do have a brown recluse infestation, you can take steps on your own to fight back. Fortunately, brown recluse spiders are easy to trap with "sticky traps." Put a few of these around your basement and the night-wandering spiders (and other bugs) will get tangled up and stuck forever.

House centipedes prefer damp and dark areas.

House centipedes, with their multiple long legs and feelers, are definitely among the creepier of the your household bugs, but they are also one of the most helpful. They live in dark corners and under your basement boxes and are also found outside in the warmer months. There are numerous species of centipede, and some of the ones that live in the desert Southwest can deliver a really nasty bite. The house centipede is essentially harmlessit can deliver a very mild bite if you, say, pick it up and squeeze it in your fist. But why would you do that? Centipedes are mainly concerned with staying away from you, and will run like lightning the minute they see you.

House centipedes help you by feeding on the eggs of cockroaches, silverfish, and other insects. They also scavenge other dead insects and basically eat every nasty thing that accumulates in your corners. Also, it is basically impossible to eradicate centipedes, since they're fast and can evade most poisons. Let these guys share your space with you, and they will do a lot of dirty work free of charge.

Centipedes only deliver a mild bite if you pick them up. They help rid your home of other insects.

They feed on the eggs of cockroaches, silverfish, and other insects.

Centipedes live in dark corners under basement boxes and are found outside during the warmer months.

Red fire ants are not household bugs since they live outside, but I included them here because they are a real threat to the security and enjoyment of your home. These little red ants (they also come in black) are just the biggest jerks of the insect world. They will bite you hard for no reason at all. They grab a bit of skin, bite into it, and then spray formic acid into the wound (this is why the family they belong to is called "Formicidae"). You end up with a nasty, stinging blister that can take days to go away.

I have a personal hatred of these guys ever since a colony chewed its way into my tent when I was camping in a jungle in Panama. I woke up in the dark to dozens of burning bites all over my legs.

Fire ants are a nuisance the whole body half of the U.S.

They will bite you hard for no reason and spray a formic acid into the wound.

Being the jerk of the insect world.

They live outside, but can threaten the security of your home.

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The black widow lives in dark corners in basements and garages where it spins a characteristic tangled web to ensnare passing insects.They are not very common, but where there's one, there are probably more. They are also pretty easy to identify. If you're looking at a big black spider with a round body and a red hourglass on the underside, then it's a black widow. There are no other non-venomous arachnids in North America that look like this.

The black widow's bite is potentially fatal, so most people don't tolerate the arachnid in their house. You can safely and easily capture this spider with an insect vacuum or a regular vacuum cleaner.

Their bite can potentially be fatal.

Spin webs to ensnare passing insects.

Live in dark corners in basements and garages.

There are many ways to control clothes moths including very effective moth balls.

You may see this little insect buzzing through the air in your house, especially near the kitchen. It is a bonafide pest, but the moth itself never eats anything. It is the caterpillar that you may never see that actually does the damage.

These related insects feed on either organic fibers like wool, or stored grain like flour. You'll know you have clothes moths if you find holes in your sweaters, and you'll know you have meal moths if there webby clumps with little yellow caterpillars in them infesting your flour or corn meal. These larvae have evolved quickly to feed on a relatively new food source, processed grain and stored fibers, and have adapted to coexist with humans in a way few animals have.

There are many ways to control clothes moths including very effective moth balls. Meal moths have to be dealt with by throwing away all of the infested flour or meal.

These moths will eat through your clothes and ruin your flour.

Larvae feed on a processed grains and fibers.

Can be found buzzing in the kitchen in your flour or in your closet in your clothes.

Silverfish get their name from their silvery-blue appearance and their fishlike movements.

This prehistoric-looking animal lives in your pipes and walls. If you ever see one at all, it is probably in your sink where it has become trapped during its midnight ramblings. Wash it down the drain if you will, but it will almost certainly survive. Silverfish are an essential part of your home's all-night housekeeping crew along with centipedes (see above). They consume all of the dead insects and other organic debris that drifts down to the basement and lowest levels of your house. Even though they may creep you out a little, they're actually on your side.

Interestingly, the silverfish is an insect, even though it looks nothing like the butterflies in your garden.

They consume all of the dead insects and other organic debris that drifts down to your basement or the lowest levels of your house.

They consume all the dead insects and other organic debris in the basement and lowest levels of your home.

Silverfish live in your pipes and walls.

Most scorpions in the U.S. are found in the Southwest regions.

Everyone knows what scorpions look like, but not many people have actually encountered one. This is partly because they are so effective at hiding during the day. At night, scorpions come out to prowl the floors and counter tops of your home looking for roaches, crickets, and other small insects. It's at night that you're most likely to find a scorpion, and they'll almost always run away rather than confront you. Their sting is painful, similar to a wasp sting, but they mainly use it to kill the bugs that prowl around your house. So, yes, scorpions are beneficial!

Their sting is powerful as a wasp sting, but they kill other bigs for your benefit.

They come looking for roaches, crickets, and other small insects.

Scorpions prowl on floors and countertops, and they'll always run away rather than confront you

The German cockroach is one of the most common roaches found in apartment houses, restaurants, and hotels.

Of all the house bugs out there, cockroaches are pretty much the most hated. Most of us already know a cockroach when we see one. The common one, German cockroach, is brown with long legs and leathery wing covers. There are many kinds of cockroaches out there, but only a few are pests in your house.

Cockroaches are incredibly successful animals that have been around for millions of years longer than our species has. There's a reason for thatthey can live anywhere, eat anything, and survive any catastrophe. Roaches hide from light and spend their time reproducing. If you see one, you likely have hundreds or even thousands. Then it's time to call the exterminator, because there's really no other way to clear out an infestation.

They won't bite, but require an exterminator to completely rid your home of.

Cockroaches live anywhere, eat anything, and survive any catastrophe.

Quickly multiplying their numbers to the hundreds or thousands.

Bye, and thanks for reading!

The following sources were used for this guide:

This content is accurate and true to the best of the authors knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Rob Hemphill from Ireland on December 14, 2012:

Interesting information, and a good read. Thanks for sharing.

Barbara Radisavljevic from Paso Robles, CA on November 23, 2012:

Sorry. I still don't like earwigs. Thanks for writing about these insects. The ones I find most in my house are the earwig and the sowbug. They, along with the spiders, manage to crawl in under the front door, which we simply can't figure out how to fix.

squidoolover76 on July 14, 2012:

Frankly everyone should know about this

CatJGB on July 03, 2012:

Ick. I've been finding a few teeny tiny baby roaches in the house lately, so I KNOW there are more somewhere. Somehow, they don't skeeve me out anywhere near as much when they are teeny as when they are big.

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These People Experienced Once in a Lifetime Perfect Fits – Obsev

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They say that there's no such thing as "perfection," but these images prove otherwise. There are lots of things in this world that are a perfect fit for something else. Some jobs are perfect for certain people's personalities. An actor can be a perfect fit for a TV show or film, too.

But sometimes a perfect fit can happen when two elements or objects fit together so well, they're pretty much aligned to perfection. And it's oh so satisfying. Here's a satisfying collection of totally unrelated objects that perfectly nestle next to or inside each other.

A bowl cut or a mushroom cut is a simple type of haircut where the front is cut with a straight fringe and the rest of the hair is a bit longer. As a result, someone like the person in this photo ends up with a hairdo that sort of looks like a mushroom. And best of all, this style is seriously timeless. But for mysteriously cosmic reasons, this kids' haircut perfectly matches this oval photo frame.

Someone told this Redditor that all these board games would fit perfectly inside this wooden cabinet's shelves and they weren't kidding. All the board games fit to perfection and they fill up every inch of space. There's just something so appealing about how this collection of board games is set up that it almost makes you want to throw away your PlayStation and phone. ALMOST. It's safe to say that this family will always have a backup plan for what to do if the power ever goes out.

The owner of this cigar cutter was stumped for 3 weeks because they had lost their wedding ring. This Redditor explained that they looked in the usual spots like the kitchen and bathroom sink as well as between the couch cushions and in their car but the ring had mysteriously vanished. Then, as they reached for their cigar cutter, they noticed that their wedding ring was perfectly stuck in the groove where they stuck their finger in.

This person must have been a whiz at playing Tetris because all the items in the back of this moving truck are aligned perfectly. They have two couches, a couple of boxes, some duffle bags and seat cushions and there's still plenty of space to add more. But it's a good thing that this perfect alignment didn't cause all of their items to disappear like the line blocks in the game or that would have been a major problem.

A wafer is generally a crisp, sweet cookie that's thin, flat and light. While some people prefer to eat them on their own, wafers can also be used for decorations on cakes or ice cream. Some even have tasty vanilla, strawberry or chocolate filling sandwiched between two wafers. But the wafer design isn't limited to cookies, which is something this person discovered when they saw the building in the photo. In a beautiful turn of events, their wafer aligned well with the structure in the distance, and our OCD brains couldn't be happier. Ahhh!

Unlike conventional sofas, sectional couches contain various independent pieces that can be arranged in different positions to create one type of seating. And the exact composition of a sectional couch varies by design, but one thing you have to always do is make sure that it fits in your living room. Unfortunately, this person was afraid their sectional couch wouldn't, but then they set it all up and it aligned perfectly.

Trying to catch the sun is like trying to catch a falling star. It's virtually impossible... or is it? This crane was either intentionally or accidentally aligned with the setting sun on the horizon. So it looks like the crane captured the sun, but of course that's impossible because the sun's so freaking hot that it would have melted the metal crane in seconds. But it's still a perfectly aligned camera shot.

This slice of Belgian Passendale is a soft and flavorful type of Abbey cheese that oddly enough happens to be the exact match in shape to the bread slice under it. Although not everyone has an issue with this, some folks don't like it when a slice of bread sticks out because they feel tempted to munch on the outside first. This is totally okay to do when you're at home, but you might get odd glances from people if you do this at a restaurant.

This truck driver didn't waste any space when it came down to stacking these tires. They are so perfectly aligned that they almost look like giant ropes crocheted to form this giant pattern. Whoever did this must be a major Tetris aficionado, and we really respect that! But we'd hate to be the one that would have to unload all these tires because it's quite obvious that it's almost as difficult to take out as it was to stack.

Wrapping a present can be a major pain in the backside. First you have to unroll the wrapping paper face-down, and place the gift on top. If the gift is a rectangle, you can align the longer sides of the box to so that they're parallel to the end of the roll. Then you fold the end of the paper up and over the gift until it's completely wrapped. But even then, the odds of getting the design on the wrapping paper to align this perfect is like 100 to 1.

The way those IKEA shelves were installed on that wall is flawless. Its obvious the person who did this took their time making sure everything was symmetrical. But the one thing that was accidentally perfect was the way that speaker fit on top of the gray box in the center between the yellow and the dark blue box. Its too bad that the cable hanging in front of the yellow shelf on the left hand side makes everything look so uneven.

This person had quite a messy desk, but they eventually got around to decluttering it and what they found was astonishing. It turns out that they now had just enough space to fit their Canon printer in the cubby underneath. But it looks like a tight fit so hopefully they are able to extend the paper feed support part so that it prints correctly and check that the vents arent covered or it might catch on fire.

A P.O. Box or post office box is an addressable lockable box located inside the post office that people can visit to retrieve their mail. But this person was very surprised to find that a package had managed to fit so perfectly inside their post office box. Unfortunately, it fit a little too well and got pushed all the way to the far back. So, this person probably had a hard time getting their package out. Hopefully they had long arms.

The driver knew that the front of his truck would be able to get across this bridge in Australia but they werent so sure about the wide load they were carrying. Luckily, it was attached to a lowboy trailer which had adjustable suspension. This made it easier for the driver to make the necessary adjustment to get across. But admittedly, it was a very tight fit and it could have just as easily caused the wide load to scratch the roof of this bridge or rip it off from the truck entirely.

This person was arranging her Godiva Chocolates in her drawer when she realized that she had arranged them all in a perfect single layer. Most people are able to stack their chocolates fairly well, but it rarely looks as perfectly organized as this shelf. Perhaps the chocolate gods smiled upon her that day. But it must have been really difficult to ruin this perfection by taking a chocolate and eating it.

This guy discovered that he fit perfectly under these hospital stairs because hes so tall. And that perfect fit also matches how well his clothes fit him, too. But he should probably get out from under there because theres a superstition that passing under a staircase is a bad omen. This belief reportedly dates back to the time of the ancient Egyptians who believed that passing under the stairs disrupted the sacred triangle shape created between a stair and the wall. Triangles were considered sacred to them, which is why it was a bad omen.

The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit Blu-ray DVD box collections fit perfectly on this shelf. But overall, most of the DVDs and Blu-rays on the shelves are nice and neat except for the final shelf on the lower right-hand side. But to get those extremely long The Lord of the Rings or The Hobbit DVDs, the person is going to have to use a suction cup. Otherwise, they risk damaging the beautiful box that they are in if they squeeze too hard while trying to get it out.

Notice how perfectly the color of the tea matches the color of the cup? But has anyone ever heard of pink tea before? Well actually there are some teas that do change color. For example, Rooibos tea is red, but will turn pink if you add some milk to it to cool it down. Another type of tea that can turn pink is Kashmiri Chai, which if why its often just called Pink Tea.

Those Longhorn Steakhouse knives fit so well inside this shelf organizer tray that made their hearts expand with love for life. But they might be rushing to the emergency room if theyre not careful because getting those knives out is tough. Theres no space to grab on to one of the handles, so anyone looking to grab a knife will have to grab it by the blade very, very carefully to avoid cutting their fingers off.

Most people use doormats to take dirt and moisture from shoes and hold it so that people dont drag all that mess inside the house. Theyre also used for aesthetic purposes to accentuate the look of an entrance. But shower mats are also used to keep someone from slipping when they get out of the shower. And yet, this person discovered another purpose for their shower mat. It actually fit perfectly under the door to keep the cold air from coming into the house.

This parking spot is located between two buildings in a hutong or narrow street or alley commonly found in northern Chinese cities like Beijing. Hutongs serve as alleys formed by lines of courtyard residences. And the owner of slender vehicles like this one find it easy to park inside one of these hutongs. But they have to get out using the back door because the alley is too narrow to allow drivers or passengers to open their side doors.

Those Nespresso boxes all fit perfectly inside that drawer. The only thing thats not so perfect is the fact that not all of the boxes have the same design, particularly the next to last box that has a bluish-green color with gold while the other boxes are mostly black. The boxes are also so tightly packed that it must make retrieving one of them extremely difficult unless you rip the tabs on the corner or use a hook to get one out.

Its pretty ironic that they have so much disorganized stuff on the carpeted floor given that they just set up this cupboard that fits just right in the corner next to the door. Maybe theyll get to stuffing all those miscellaneous items inside those shelves. But they should probably watch their step when they open that door to enter the other room because that cupboard is so close to the entryway that they might accidentally stub their toe with the furniture.

Wood pellets are biofuel made from compressed wood fibers, but in laymans terms, theyre recycled wood waste from the milling of lumber or compacted sawdust. And thats exactly what are in these perfectly stacked bags in this cubby. So, it looks like this person was stocking up for the season to use these pellets in lieu of charcoal, oil and gas or firewood. Then again, they might have needed it for other purposes such as animal bedding for their horses.

Most shoppers arent as neat as this person. They generally sit their bags in their shopping cart and jam all of their food items into their reusable shopping bag before they leave the supermarket. But this person was pleasantly surprised to learn that their two boxes of whole grain cereal fit perfectly inside their shopping bag. Its not exactly a huge victory, but when life throws something good your way, you have to appreciate it.

There are a lot of places that a guest can choose to stick their suitcase in when they arrive at their airbnb, but generally, they stick it in the closet. However, this guest found an even better place to put their suitcase. It turns out that it fits perfectly right under the safe between the wall and the bed. But most travelers will tell you that this is a bad idea because bed bugs can easily jump over to the suitcase and breed inside the clothes.

This guy had one nice thing to say about his ex-wife, which was that her car has a cubby in the center console that doubles as a French-fry cubby. And while the empty cubby certainly wasnt intended for this purpose, it could most definitely be used to hold condiments like ketchup or barbecue sauce to dip those delicious crispy fries into before sticking them into the French-fry cubby in their face.

The person who owns these cookies had two reasons to smile. First of all, they were happy because they were finally putting the cookie jar that once belonged to their beloved grandmother to use. The other reason was that the vanilla sandwich cookies all fit perfectly into five pillars. But given how delicious those vanilla sandwich cookies are, its obvious that the cookie population started to dwindle in no time, making the pillars less even.

Everything about the way this breakfast was set up screams OCD, not that theres anything wrong with that. Its perfect from the way the glass of orange juice and fork and knife are placed next to the pancake that fits so perfectly into the plate. Unfortunately, its not going to look quite so perfect when the person starts tearing into that pancake with their knife and fork. Luckily, they took a photo for posterity.

Most folks would cringe at the idea of having this small cabinet/end table so close to that wall heater. But its almost like this furniture was destined to fit in this spot because the drawer opens and closes without banging into the heater. But hopefully, nothing small falls between the cabinet and the wall or that feeling of perfection will be totally wrecked.

You know its going to be a great day when you discover that your scrubbing brush fits under a metal shelf. Nobody knows why humans find things that fit perfectly into other things so satisfying but when two objects that dont generally go together fit, they provide people with a sense of joy. Perhaps its because humans know how much it hurts when they dont fit in with other groups, so finding a perfect fit is mentally symbolic.

There are a variety of types of pizza. Theres Neapolitan pizza, Chicago pizza, New York-style pizza, Sicilian, Greek, California... the list goes on and on. But one thing thats common knowledge is that they are generally round, but they can also be square-shaped as seen in this picture. But what are the odds of a square-shaped pizza being the same size and dimensions of a chopping board? Not likely! But this pizza and this chopping board seem to have been made for each other.

This Beats Solo Hard Travel Case also holds the Beats Solo Pro Wireless headphones, which is arguably one of the best pair of headphones that anyone can own. The case was designed to keep the headphones and safe and also has a soft interior to keep the headphones safe from scratches. But this person discovered that the case had another practically use. It turns out that their Xbox One S Controller fit perfectly inside the case, too.

A stroopwafel is a wafer waffle made from thin layers of baked dough and put together by caramel filling. Its generally eaten like a cookie, but this coffee drinker noticed that their stroopwafel fit perfectly on top of their paper coffee cup. But if it had been any smaller, it would have sunk into the cup and if it had been any bigger then the steam from the coffee wouldnt have warmed the stroopwafel evenly.

They set up a slide inside this outdoor alcove on the playground. But whoever did it wasnt thinking because its impossible for a child to climb up those steps since theyre so close to the wall. But if by some miracle a kid could climb to the top, they would slide right into the wall. Luckily, the slide doesnt seem to be secured in concrete, so a grownup could probably pull the slide out so the kids can play.

This black cubby fits perfectly inside this alcove and the green wall in the background accentuates the color of the furniture too. The only thing that would make this even more perfect is if they could buy themselves a model of the exact same cubby to stack on top and fill up this wall. But that doesnt seem likely since they have the internet router mounted on the side of the wall.

This may be the most mouthwatering image of perfection on this list. Who knew that 12 packs of mint chip ice cream sandwiches could fit so perfectly on this mini-fridge's door? Unfortunately, its not going to stay like this forever, especially if theres more than one person living in this house. Also, they might want to eat them sooner rather than later or store them deeper in the freezer because freezer doors arent as chilly and no one wants to eat a mushy ice cream sandwich.

This person reached out to grab the cabinet handle to open the door but their ring slid off their finger and got stuck on the handle, which is probably the best outcome. It could have slipped off right after and fallen under the cabinet where it would have been difficult to reach. But if the ring can slip off their finger that easily, then its probably time to get that sucker resized.

At first glance, it looks like this car drove across a narrow ledge and parked there. But who would drive along a ledge like this? Actually, they didnt. This photo is not what you think. You have to tilt your head to realize that the vehicle, like the photo, is on its side. Somehow the car managed to fall and fit perfectly between this extremely narrow canal. The reflective surface is actually water.

Canada Post is to Canada what the US Postal Service is to the United States, and while they strive to provide excellent service, they really messed things up here. Oh, it might not look like it because that Vitamix box fit perfectly inside that mailbox. But be grateful that you dont have to be the person that has to remove the box. Unfortunately, this person had to and was finding it tough to find enough space to stick their hand inside to pull the cardboard box out.

This omelette du fromage is basically a regular omelette thats very easy to make. All you have to do is beat a couple of eggs in a bowl and add some salt and pepper. Then you heat olive oil in a pan and pour the eggs in and spread the eggs evenly in the pan until its nice and cooked. But this person discovered something quite unexpected when they transferred their omelette onto their plate. It turns out that it fit perfectly. It also looks like a giant egg yolk surrounded by egg white.

This person had managed to take the can of beans top off using a can opener, which can be a major pain to do sometimes, especially if you suffer from arthritis. But they did it. Unfortunately, the top fell in the sink when they tipped the can over the sink to drain the excess water. And it didnt just land anywhere. It landed inside the sinks drain hole which made it impossible to take out. They couldnt even wedge it out with a butter knife. But admittedly, it did fit perfectly.

Some of the reasons people look forward to weekends is that they can unplug and think about future plans or recharge so that they can start the new week. Others use this time to exercise, travel or spend quality time with their family and friends. But those arent the reasons why weekends are so flawless on this calendar. Its because they align perfectly in two columns, which probably made looking forward to the weekend even more visually appealing.

This subway rider is so cute for sitting comfortably across two seats and she fits! Its almost like this space was designed just for her. Even the way shes wearing her mask is downright perfect. But the problem with being this comfortable on a subway train is that you can fall asleep quick and easy, especially when youre wearing sunglasses like she is. Hopefully, this dear lady didnt miss her stop and end up on the other side of town.

This gamer doesnt need to buy a stand for their Nintendo Wii because it fits surprisingly well with this metal cabinet. Another surprising checkmark in the plus column is the fact that the color of the game console and the stand are the same. So, if it werent for the letters on the Wii and the game slot, guests would assume its a part of the furniture. But the owner should probably take it out of here because the Wii will definitely overheat when its in use.

The post on its own is flawless. Alright, so maybe it has a couple of stains on the top and on the sides. But what makes this post so perfect is the fact that it aligns perfectly with its shadow on the sidewalk. Unfortunately, it only remained a perfect fit for a couple of moments. Then the sun moved and completely wrecked the illusion of the perfect post. And the shadows angle will only occur for a couple of more days before the Earth moves and the suns angle completely changes.

Toilet paper isnt generally considered visually pleasing but this is definitely the exception because all the toilet paper rolls fit so perfectly in this drawer. It turns out that the homeowners 5-year-old took care of refilling the drawer for their parents. Unfortunately, there was one unforeseen consequence. The grownups thought that the organization was so flawless that they didnt want to take a roll out even though they needed one.

They say that furniture should be the last thing to go inside a moving truck so that the movers or homeowners are able to unload these first into the new home or apartment. But whoever stacked these pieces of furniture did a very good job using up all the space in the back. Now the homeowner will have more than enough room to add all of their other miscellaneous items like bicycles, garden items, lamps, and boxes full of clothing.

Long before this alcove became the new home of this Diego Sideboard cabinet, the homeowners had planned to turn the area into a bookshelf. But they kept stalling and the project was never carried out. But they wanted to do something with the space, so they went furniture shopping and found this cabinet that fit just right in this alcove. Ironically, they werent really sure that it would fit until they tested it out.

Gibson and Schecter are two separate brands of guitars, but as this guitarist discovered, their headstocks or pegheads were interchangeable. Now the primary function of a headstock is to house the pegs or mechanism that holds the strings at the head of the guitar. And generally, every brand has their own style of headstocks. But Schecters headstocks were so similar that they simply inverted theirs so that they would seem different from Gibsons headstocks. This was probably a smart move as they avoided getting sued by Gibson.

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These People Experienced Once in a Lifetime Perfect Fits - Obsev

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Downtown Eastside – Wikipedia

by admin ·

Neighbourhood in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

The Downtown Eastside (DTES) is a neighbourhood in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. One of the city's oldest neighbourhoods, the DTES is the site of a complex set of social issues including disproportionately high levels of drug use, homelessness, poverty, crime, mental illness and sex work. It is also known for its strong community resilience and history of social activism.

Around the beginning of the 20th century, the DTES was the political, cultural and retail center of Vancouver. Over several decades, the city center gradually shifted westwards and the DTES became a poor, although relatively stable, neighbourhood. In the 1980s, the area began a rapid decline due to several factors including an influx of hard drugs, policies that pushed prostitution and drug-related activity out of nearby areas, and the cessation of federal funding for social housing. By 1997, an epidemic of HIV infection and drug overdoses in the DTES led to the declaration of a public health emergency. As of 2018, critical issues include opioid overdoses, especially those involving the drug fentanyl; decrepit and squalid housing; a shortage of low-cost rental housing; and a high prevalence of severe mental illness, which often co-occurs with addiction.

The population of the DTES is estimated to be around 7,000 people. Compared to the city as a whole, the DTES has a higher proportion of males and adults who live alone. It also has significantly more First Nation Canadians, who are disproportionately affected by the neighbourhood's social problems. The neighbourhood has a history of attracting individuals with mental health and addiction issues, many of whom are drawn to its drug market and low-barrier services. Despite this reputation, residents suffer with Canada's highest rate of death from encounters with police,[1] and many vulnerable members of the community have low trust in the police.

Since the real-estate boom began in the early 21st century, the area has been increasingly experiencing gentrification. Some see gentrification as a force for revitalization, while others believe it has led to higher displacement and homelessness. Numerous efforts have been made to improve the DTES at an estimated cost of over $1.4billion as of 2009. Services in the greater DTES area are estimated to cost $360million per year.[2] Commentators from across the political spectrum have said that little progress has been made in resolving the issues of the neighbourhood as a whole, although there are individual success stories. Proposals for addressing the issues of the area include increasing investment in social housing, increasing capacity for treating people with addictions and mental illness, making services more evenly distributed across the city and region instead of concentrated in the DTES, and improving co-ordination of services. However, little agreement exists between the municipal, provincial and federal governments regarding long-term plans for the area.

The term "Downtown Eastside" is most often used to refer to an area 10[3] to 50[4] blocks in size, a few blocks east of the city's Downtown central business district. The neighbourhood's issues are most visible in a stretch of Hastings Street around Main Street, which the Vancouver Sun described in 2006 as "four blocks of hell."[5]

Some indications of the borders of the DTES, which shift and are poorly defined,[6] are as follows:

For some community planning and statistical purposes, the City of Vancouver uses the term "Downtown Eastside" to refer to a much larger area with considerable social and economic diversity, including Chinatown, Gastown, Strathcona, the Victory Square area, and the light industrial area to the north. This area, referred to in this article as the greater DTES area, is bordered by Richards Street to the west, Clark Drive to the east, Waterfront Road and Water Street to the north and various streets to the south including Malkin Avenue and Prior Street.The greater DTES area includes some popular tourist areas and nearly 20% of Vancouver's heritage buildings.

Strathcona in the 1890s included the entire DTES. By 1994 Strathcona's northern boundary was generally considered to be the alley between East Pender and East Hastings streets,[11] though some place it at Railway Street, including DTES east of Gore Avenue.[12]

The DTES forms part of the traditional territories of the Squamish, Tsleil-Waututh, and Musqueam First Nations. European settlement of the area began in the mid-19th century, and most early buildings were destroyed in the Great Vancouver Fire of 1886.[14] Residents rebuilt their town at the edge of Burrard Inlet, between Cambie and Carrall streets, a townsite that now forms Gastown and part of the DTES.[14] At the turn of the century, the DTES was the heart of the city, containing city hall, the courthouse, banks, the main shopping district, and the Carnegie Library.[14] Travellers connecting between Pacific steamships and the western terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway used its hundreds of hotels and rooming houses.[15] Large Japanese and Chinese immigrant communities settled in Japantown, which lies within the DTES, and in nearby Chinatown, respectively.

During the Depression, hundreds of men arrived in Vancouver in search of work. Most of them later returned to their hometowns, except workers who had been injured or those who were sick or elderly.[14] These men remained in the DTES area at the time known as Skid Road which became a non-judgemental, affordable place to live as the main downtown area of Vancouver began to shift westward. Among them, drinking was a common pastime.[14][17] In addition to being a major cultural and entertainment district, Hastings Street was also a centre for beer parlours and brothels.[18]

In 1942, the neighbourhood lost its entire ethnic Japanese population, estimated at 8,000 to 10,000, due to the Canadian government's internment of these people. Most did not return to the once-thriving Japantown community after the war.[19]

In the 1950s, the city centre continued its shift westward after the interurban rail line closed; its main depot was at Carrall and Hastings.[20] Theatres and shops moved towards Granville and Robson streets.[21] As tourist traffic declined, the neighbourhood's hotels became run-down and were gradually converted to Single room occupancy (or SRO) housing, a use which persists to this day.[14] By 1965, the area was known for prostitution and for having a relatively high proportion of poor, single men, many of whom were alcoholic, disabled, or pensioners.[14]

When we deinstitutionalized, we promised [mentally ill] people that we would put them into the community and give them the support they needed. But we lied. I think it's one of the worst things we ever did.

In the early 1980s, the DTES was an edgy but still relatively calm place to live. The neighbourhood began a marked shift before Expo 86, when an estimated 800 to 1,000 tenants were evicted from DTES residential hotels to make room for tourists.[23] With the increased tourist traffic of Expo 86, dealers introduced an influx of high-purity cocaine and heroin.[24] In efforts to clean up other areas of the city, police cracked down on the cocaine market and street prostitution, but these activities resurfaced in the DTES.[24][25] Within the DTES, police officers gave up on arresting the huge numbers of individual drug users, and chose to focus their efforts on dealers instead.[26]

Meanwhile, the provincial government adopted a policy of de-institutionalization of the mentally ill, leading to the mass discharge of Riverview Hospital's patients, with the promise that they would be integrated into the community.[22] Between 1985 and 1999, the number of patient-days of care provided by B.C. psychiatric hospitals declined by nearly 65%.[22] Many of the de-institutionalized mentally ill moved to the DTES, attracted by the accepting culture and low-cost housing, but they floundered without adequate treatment and support and soon became addicted to the neighbourhood's readily available drugs.[27][28]

Between 1980 and 2002, more than 60 women went missing from the DTES, most of them sex workers. A large number of missing women are Missing and murdered Indigenous women.[29] Robert Pickton, who had a farm east of the city where he held "raves", was charged with the murders of 26 of these women and convicted on six counts in 2007. He claimed to have murdered 49 women.[30] As of 2009, an estimated 39 women were still missing from the Downtown Eastside.[31]

On its core blocks, dozens of people are shuffling or staggering, flinching with cocaine tics, scratching scabs. Except for the young women dressed to lure customers for sex, many are in dirt-streaked clothing that hangs from their emaciated frames. Drugs and cash are openly exchanged. The alleys are worse.

In the 1990s, the situation in the DTES deteriorated further on several fronts. Woodward's, an anchor store in the 100-block of West Hastings street, closed in 1993 with devastating effect on the formerly bustling retail district.[33] Meanwhile, a crisis in housing and homelessness was emerging.

Between 1970 and the late 1990s, the supply of low-income housing shrank in both the DTES and in other parts of the city, partly because of conversion of buildings into more expensive condominiums or hotels.[22] In 1993, the federal government stopped funding social housing, and the rate of building social housing in B.C. dropped by two-thirds despite rising demand for it.[22] By 1995, reports had begun to emerge of homeless people sleeping in parks, alleyways, and abandoned buildings.[22] Cuts to the provincial welfare program in 2002 caused further hardship for the poor and homeless.[34] Citywide, the number of homeless people climbed from 630 in 2002 to 1,300 in 2005.[34]

Without the presence of a viable retail economy, a drug economy proliferated, with an accompanying increase in crime,[21] while police presence decreased. Crack cocaine arrived in Vancouver in 1995,[36] and crystal methamphetamine started to appear in the DTES in 2003.[26] In 1997 the local health authority declared a public health emergency in the DTES: Rates of HIV infection, spread by needle-sharing amongst drug users, were worse than anywhere in the world outside Sub-Saharan Africa, and more than 1000 people had died of drug overdoses.[37][38] Efforts to reduce drug-related deaths in the DTES included the opening of a needle exchange in 1989,[39] the opening of North America's first legal safe injection site in 2003, and treatment with anti-retroviral drugs for HIV.[40] A shift among users from injected cocaine to crack cocaine use may have also slowed the spread of disease.[41] Rates of HIV infection dropped from 8.1 cases per 100 person-years in 1997 to 0.37 cases per 100 person-years by 2011.[42]

In the 21st century, considerable investment was made in DTES services and infrastructure, including the redevelopment of the Woodward's Building and the acquisition of 23 SRO hotels by the provincial government for conversion to social housing.[43] In 2009, The Globe and Mail estimated that governments and the private sector had spent more than $1.4billion since 2000 on projects aimed at resolving the area's many problems.[44]

Opinions vary on whether the area has improved: A 2014 article in the National Post said, "For all the money and attention here, there is little success at either getting the area's shattered populace back on their feet, or cleaning up the neighbourhood into something resembling a healthy community."[45] Former NDP premier Mike Harcourt described the current reality of the neighbourhood as "100-per-cent failure."[46] Also in 2014, B.C. housing minister Rich Coleman said, "Ill go down for a walk in the Downtown Eastside, night time or day time, and it's dramatically different than it was. It's incredibly better than it was five, six years ago."[2]

There are no official population figures for the DTES. Estimates have ranged from 6,000[44] to 8,000;[18] the geographic boundaries associated with these figures was not provided.

Official figures are available for the greater DTES area, which was home to an estimated 18,477 people in 2011. In comparison to the city of Vancouver overall, the greater DTES had a higher proportion of males (60% vs. 50%), more seniors (22% vs 13%), fewer children and youth (10% vs 18%), slightly fewer immigrants, and more Indigenous Canadians (10% vs. 2%).

A 2009 demographic profile by The Globe and Mail focused on an area of just over 30 city blocks in and around the DTES: It indicated that 14% of the residents were of Aboriginal descent.[49] The average household size was 1.3 residents; 82% of the population lived alone. Children and teenagers made up 7% of the population, compared to 25% for Canada overall.[49]

A population that is frequently studied is tenants of single room occupancy (SRO) hotels in the greater DTES area. According to a 2013 survey, this population is 77% male, with a median age of 44. Aboriginals make up 28% of the population, and Europeans 59%.[50]

The DTES population suffers from very high rates of mental illness and addiction. In 2007, Vancouver Coastal Health estimated that 2,100 DTES residents "exhibit behaviour that is outside the norm" and require more support in the areas of health and addiction services. According to the Vancouver Police Department (VPD) in 2008, up to 500 of these individuals were "chronically mentally ill with disabling addictions, extreme behaviours, no permanent housing and regular police contact." As of 2009, the DTES was home to an estimated 1,800 to 3,600 individuals who were considered to be at "extremely high health risk" due to severe addiction and/or mental illness, equivalent to 60% of the population in this category for the 1 million people in the Vancouver Coastal Health region.[53]

A 2013 study of SRO tenants in the greater DTES found that 95.2% had some form of substance dependence and 74.4% had a mental illness, including 47.4% with psychosis.[50] Only one third of individuals with psychosis were receiving treatment, and among those with concurrent addiction, the proportion receiving treatment was even lower.[50] A 2016 study of the 323 most chronic offenders in the DTES found that 99% had at least one mental disorder, and more than 80% also had substance abuse issues.[54] Between 60% and 70% of mentally ill patients treated at St. Paul's Hospital, the hospital closest to the DTES, are estimated to have multiple addictions. Possible explanations for the high level of co-occurrence between addiction and mental illness in the DTES include the vulnerability of the mentally ill to drug dealers, and a recent rise in crystal methamphetamine use, which can cause permanent psychosis.[26][56]

A 2010 BBC article described the DTES as "home to one of the worst drug problems in North America."[57] In 2011, crack cocaine was the most commonly used illicit hard drug in Vancouver, followed by injected prescription opioids (such as fentanyl and OxyContin), heroin, crystal methamphetamine (usually injected rather than smoked), and cocaine (also usually injected).[42] Alcoholism, especially when it involves the use of highly toxic isopropyl alcohol, is a significant source of harm to residents of the DTES.[58]

In 2016, a board member of the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users said that in the previous year, Vancouver's supply of heroin had virtually disappeared and been replaced by fentanyl, which is cheaper and more potent.[59] At the end of 2014, the DTES saw a dramatic rise in fentanyl overdoses. In 2016 the surge in drug overdose deaths led to the declaration of a public health emergency across the province.[60]

In a 2008 survey of SRO residents in the greater DTES, 32% self-reported as being addicted to drugs, 20% were addicted to alcohol, 52% smoked cigarettes regularly, and 51% smoked marijuana.[61] In 2003, the DTES was home to an estimated 4,700 injection drug users. Most live in unstable housing or are homeless, and approximately 20% are sex workers.[42] In 2006, DTES residents incurred half of the deaths from illegal drug overdoses in the entire province.[63] Between 1996 and 2011, there have been large fluctuations in drug usage, with the most recent trend being an overall decline in illicit drug use between 2007 and 2011.[42] However, between 2010 and 2014, hospitalizations related to addictions increased by 89% at St. Paul's Hospital.[38]

According to a 2008 survey of greater DTES area SROs, tenants who used drugs estimated the cost of their habits at $30 per day, on average.[61] Some spend hundreds of dollars per day on drugs.[64][65] Police attribute much of the property crime in Vancouver to chronic repeat offenders who steal to support their drug habits.[64]

The VPD reported in 2008 that in its district that includes the Downtown Eastside, mental health was a factor in 42% of all incidents in which police were involved. The police department says its officers are often forced to act as front-line mental health workers, due to the lack of more appropriate supports for this population.

In 2013, the city and police department reported that in the previous three years, there had been a 43% increase in people with severe mental illness and/or addiction in the emergency department of St. Paul's Hospital. In Vancouver, apprehensions under the Mental Health Act rose by 16% between 2010 and 2012, and there was also an increase in the number of violent incidents involving mentally ill people.[68] Mayor Gregor Robertson described the mental health crisis as "on par with, if not more serious than" the DTES HIV/AIDS epidemic that had led to a declaration of a public health emergency in 1997.[68]

The overdose deaths in BC between 2003 and 2018 are up over 725%, and overdose deaths of minors 1018 years old are up 260% in 10 years. Fraser and Vancouver Coastal Health Authority have had the highest number of illicit drug toxicity deaths (188 and 164 deaths, respectively) in 2019, making up 65% of all such deaths during this period. 2019: Vancouver Coastal Health Authority has the highest rate of illicit drug toxicity deaths (27 deaths per 100,000 individuals).[69]

In a report presented to the City Council of Vancouver by Mayor Kennedy Stewart on 20 December 2018 regarding the Opioid Crisis, he stated:[70]

As of December 16, 2018, an estimated 353 overdose deaths have occurred in Vancouver in 2018, which is almost on par with the 369 overdose deaths that occurred in 2017, despite the extensive harm reduction investments in Vancouver. Vancouver continues to have the highest rates of death per capita in BC, with 58 deaths per 100,000 people this year. Vancouver Fire and Rescue Services are responding to an average of 103 overdose-related emergency calls per week, slightly down from the 2017 average of 119 calls per week. The decreased rate in overdose deaths and calls could potentially be attributed to the increase in overdose prevention and response interventions across Vancouver, with an emphasis on the Downtown Eastside.Regardless, Vancouver continues to be the most impacted city of the overdose crisis in Canada. From January to June 2018, BC had 754 opioid-related deaths the most in the country. Vancouver also has more overdose deaths per capita than all of BC, which had 30 deaths per 100,000 people between January and June of 2018.

Kennedy Stewart

Report Mayor's Overdose Emergency Task Force Recommendations for Immediate Action on the Overdose Crisis (PDF)

Statistics indicate that the trend of illicit drug toxicity deaths has increased in BC, with a total of 1,547 and 981 deaths in 2018 and 2019, respectively. Between January and September 2020, BC has seen the number of overdose deaths jump to 1,202, with a record high of 183 illicit drug-related deaths reported in June of this year. The Vancouver Coastal Health jurisdiction has seen 37 deaths per 100,000 people between January and October 2020.[71]

In my 12 years of work as a physician in the DTES, I never met a female patient who had not been sexually abused as a child or adolescent, nor a male who had not suffered some form of severe trauma... Addictions are attempts to escape pain.

Vancouver has an estimated 1,000 street-based sex workers[73] and according to police, most of them work in the DTES. They call the neighbourhood, and contiguous industrial areas near Vancouver's port, these outdoor workers, previously referred to using more stigmatizing language including "low track" workers,[75] where they typically earn $5 to $20 for a date. Most are survival sex workers who use sex work to support their substance use;[77] up to two-thirds say they have been physically or sexually assaulted while working. Sex workers, particularly women with children, find it difficult to find housing that they can afford, and often have difficulty leaving the industry because of criminal records or addictions that make it harder to find jobs.

Although Aboriginals make up only 2% of Vancouver's population, approximately 40% of Vancouver's street-based sex workers are Indigenous. In one 2005 study, 52% of the sex workers surveyed in Vancouver were Indigenous, 96% reported having been sexually abused in childhood, and 81% reported childhood physical abuse. Some researchers and Indigenous advocacy groups have attributed the over-representation of Aboriginals in Vancouver's sex trade to transgenerational trauma, linking it to Canada's colonial history, and in particular to the cultural and individual damage caused by the residential schools, which previous generations of indigenous Canadians were forced to attend.[79]

After the displacements that occurred on Dupont and Davie Street, Vancouver's outdoor sex workers were pushed to the streets of the Downtown Eastside. Here they are facing more violence than ever before. Neighbourhood harassment, policing and developmental changes are all contributing factors to these conditions. Throughout all of the areas that sex work has been present, the city has been critiqued for backing up property owners to collectively harass workers.[80] In the Downtown Eastside, these behaviours have continued to persist. A study published in 2017 containing interviews with thirty-thee sex workers addressed concerns with changes in construction, surveillance, and security measures that have pushed workers into isolated areas where they are put at greater risk of harm. The growth of new businesses in the area have also required workers to develop good relations to prevent frequent police calls.[81] These conditions have also forced workers to rush forgo screening and negotiation processes that increase the risk of bad dates and STI contractions. This disproportionately impacted the safety of oppressed communities such as indigenous, substance dependent and transgender workers who are often restricted to this area.[82] Over the years, this has also contributed to the many Missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls (MMIWG) cases, including those involved in the mass killings by serial killer Robert Pickton.[83]

Reported crime rates in the DTES are higher than in the rest of the city, with most crimes being assaults, robberies, and/or public intoxication.[84] Although the DTES is home to 3% of Vancouver's population, it was the location of 16% of the city's reported sexual assaults in 2012. In 2008, it was the location of 34.5% of all reported serious assaults and 22.6% of all robberies in the city.

These figures may be an underestimate, as marginalized populations such as DTES residents tend to be less likely to report crime. Many residents are survivors of the Canadian Indian residential school system or experience transgenerational trauma as a result of Residential Schools, and are further traumatised by excessive policing.[86]

The figures do not indicate how many of the reported crimes were committed by DTES residents; some residents and business owners believe that visitors from other neighbourhoods are responsible for a significant proportion of serious crimes.[7] According to police, DTES women say that what they fear most are "predatory drug dealers who conduct their business with violence, torture, and terror."[87]

In addition to reported crime, the DTES has highly visible street disorder, which The New York Times described as "a shock even to someone familiar with the Lower East Side of Manhattan in the 1980s or the Tenderloin in San Francisco."[32] Some government social workers have refused to enter certain SROs out of concern for their own safety, despite being mandated to monitor children who live there.[88] Tourists are often encouraged to avoid the DTES, although they are seldom victims of crime.[90] High crime rates and difficulties in obtaining affordable property insurance deter legitimate businesses from opening or staying in the area, resulting in many vacant storefronts.[92]

The greater DTES area is significantly poorer than the rest of Vancouver, with a median income of $13,691 versus $47,229 for the city as a whole. 53% of the greater DTES population is low-income, compared to 13.6% of the population of Metro Vancouver. In the V6A postal area, whose boundaries are similar to the greater DTES area, 6,339 residents received some form of social assistance in 2013. Of these, 3,193 were considered disabled and 1,461 were considered "employable". The base welfare rate for single adults who are considered employable is $610 per month: $375 per month for shelter and $235 ($335 since July 2017) per month for all other expenses. Advocates for low-income DTES residents say this amount, which has not increased since 2007, is not enough to live on.[97][98] In 1981, the base welfare rate was equivalent to $970 per month after adjustment for inflation.[98]

Some DTES residents supplement their incomes through the informal economy, through volunteer work which can yield stipends, or through criminal activity or sex work. A 2008 survey of SRO residents found that the average tenant income from all sources, including the informal economy, was $1,109 per month.[61]

In addition to issues with addiction and mental illness, DTES residents often have difficulty finding employment due to mental and physical disabilities and lack of education and skills. According to a 2009 survey of the 30 blocks in and around the DTES, 62% of the residents over the age of 15 were not considered participants in the labour force, compared to 33% in Vancouver as a whole.[49]

The DTES is often referred to as "Canada's poorest postal code", although this is not the case.[101]

Both homelessness and substandard housing are major issues in the DTES, that compound the neighbourhood's problems with addiction and mental illness. In 2012, there were 846 homeless people in the greater DTES area, including 171 who were not in some form of shelter. The DTES homeless made up approximately half of the city's total homeless population,[97] over a third of whom are Aboriginal.[103]

Thousands of DTES residents live in SROs, which provide low-cost rooms without private kitchens or bathrooms,[104] Although conditions in SROs vary considerably, they have become notorious for their squalor and chaos. Many are more than 100 years old and in extreme disrepair, with shortages of basic necessities such as heat and functioning plumbing. In 2007, it was reported that four out of five rooms had bed bugs, cockroaches, and fire code violations.[15] Even at their best, the SROS have a lack of living space that results in tenants spending more time in the public spaces of the DTES, including its street-based drug scene.[42]

SRO landlords have often been called "slumlords" for failing to fix problems, and illegally evicting tenants.[105][106] The city has often been slow to force SRO owners to make major repairs, saying that owners could not afford to make them without raising rents.[107]

A 2013 study of SRO residents in the greater DTES area found that 18.4% were HIV positive and 70.3% were positive for hepatitis C.[50] Few of those infected with hepatitis C receive treatment.[50][108] The DTES population also has higher rates of tuberculosis and syphilis than the rest of the province, and injection drug users are susceptible to other infections such as endocarditis.[110] Aboriginals are at the greatest risk from disease.[111]

Amongst the most vulnerable DTES residents, common issues with psychosocial well-being include low self-worth, lack of personal safety, lack of respect from others, social isolation, and low education levels.[111][112] Many have lost custody of their children. A 2000 report from the Vancouver Native Health Society Medical Clinic said, "Many individuals are survivors of severe childhood trauma. Negative experiences such as family violence, parental substance abuse, sexual and emotional abuse, suicide, divorce, and residential school atrocities are the norm."[111] Many DTES residents are too unstable to keep appointments or reliably take medication.[114]

Life expectancy in the greater DTES area is 79.9 years, a significant improvement since the mid-1990s.[41] Some of the increase may, however, be explained by the migration of healthier residents to the neighbourhoods surrounding the DTES.[41] A 2015 study of DTES SRO residents found that they were eight times more likely to die than the national average, mostly due to psychosis and hepatitis C-related liver dysfunction.[108]

Although many outsiders fear the DTES, its residents take pride in their neighbourhood and describe it as having multiple positive assets. DTES residents say the area has a strong sense of community and cultural heritage.[116] They describe their neighbours as being accepting and having empathy for people with addictions and health issues.[116] According to the city government, Hastings Street is valued by SRO residents as "a place to meet friends, get support, access services and feel like they belong."

The area has had a robust tradition of advocacy for its marginalized residents since at least the 1970s, when the Downtown Eastside Residents Association (DERA) was formed.[118] Over the years, the DTES community has consistently resisted many attempts to "clean up" the neighbourhood by dispersing its close-knit residents. Successful resident-led initiatives to improve conditions in the DTES include the transformation of the then-closed Carnegie Library into a community centre in 1980,[118] the opening of an unlicensed supervised injection site in 2003, which led to the founding of Insite; improvements to Oppenheimer Park, and the creation of CRAB Park.

In 2010, the V6A postal area, which includes most of the DTES, had the second-highest concentration of artists in the city. Artists made up 4.4% of the labour force, compared to 2.3% in the city as a whole. The greater DTES area is the location of several art galleries, artist-run centres and studios. Notable annual events include the Downtown Eastside Heart of the City Festival, which showcases the art, culture, and history of the neighbourhood, and the Powell Street Festival in Oppenheimer Park, which celebrates Japanese-Canadian arts and culture. City Opera of Vancouver, the Dancing on the Edge Festival, and other artists regularly perform in DTES venues such as the Carnegie Centre, the Firehall Arts Centre, and the Goldcorp Centre for the Arts at the Woodward's site. In 2010, Sam Sullivan, former mayor of Vancouver, said that in the DTES, "Behind the visible people who clearly have a lot of troubles, there's a community. Some very intelligent people say this is the cultural heart of the city."[124]

For the police, success is measured in how well the drugs are kept corralled on Hastings between Cambie and Main, where they can expect the fewest complaints. Arrests are infrequent, and when they occur they are counterproductive... Like a hydra, direct enforcement paradoxically crowds the streets with the incarcerated dealers multiplying replacements.

In comparison to other Canadian cities, the VPD is generally considered to be progressive in dealing with drugs and sex work,[125] emphasizing harm reduction over law enforcement.

The VPD engages in the controversial practice known as "carding", or "street checks", in which police stop and question individuals whom they suspect of being involved in criminal or suspicious activity. In Vancouver, 15% of street checks are on Indigenous people who represent just 2% of the general population, and 5% of checks are on Black people who represent less than 1% of the population. Some civil rights groups believe the VPD's practices constitute racial profiling and result in excessive harassment and violence against Indigenous and Black residents.[126]

Since the 1980s, the VPD has generally ignored drug use in the DTES, as the sheer volume of users makes it unfeasible to arrest all of them.[26] A large-scale police crackdown on DTES drug users in 2003 made no difference except to displace drug use to adjacent neighbourhoods.[127] To encourage people to call for help when a drug user is overdosing, paramedics rather than police respond to 911 calls about overdose deaths, except in cases where public safety is at risk.[26]

Nationwide efforts to reduce the supply of drugs through law enforcement have had minimal impact on the easy availability or low prices of illicit drugs in Vancouver.[42] By former mayor Mike Harcourt's estimate, police intercept only 2% of the drugs that enter the city.[128] Vancouver police guidelines on dealing with sex workers emphasize focusing on addressing violence, human trafficking, and involvement of youth or gangs in prostitution, whereas sex involving consenting adults is not an enforcement priority.[125][129]

Relations between police and DTES women were strained by police shortcomings that allowed serial killer Robert Pickton to prey on the community for years before he was arrested in 2002; the VPD apologized in 2010 for its failures in apprehending him.[130] In 2003, the Pivot Legal Society filed 50 complaints from DTES residents alleging police misconduct.[131] An investigation by the RCMP, in which several VPD officers and the police chief failed to co-operate, found that 14 of those allegations were substantiated.[131] In 2007, Pivot agreed to withdraw its remaining complaints, following apologies and changes to VPD policies and procedures.[132]

In 2008, the VPD implemented a crackdown on minor offences, such as illegal vending on sidewalks and jaywalking. The ticketing blitz was stopped after objections from community groups, so that residents with unpaid tickets particularly women and sex workers would be less afraid to approach police to report serious safety concerns.[133]

In 2010, police launched an initiative to combat violence against DTES women, that resulted in the convictions of several violent offenders.[134] However, the level of trust toward police remains low.[130] According to some DTES activists, "gentrification/condos and police brutality", rather than drugs, are the two worst problems in the neighbourhood.[135]

In 2020, the Defund604 network was formed, calling for the defunding of the Vancouver Police Department.[136] Among other requests, the network calls for a $152million budget cut to the VPD, matching the City of Vancouver's budget shortfall due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Defund604 network is still active as of summer 2021.[137]

Any discussion of improving the continuum of care for addiction must include housing as a basic component, particularly for the most vulnerable individuals coping with homelessness, addiction, and mental illness.

The City refers to the housing and homelessness situation in the DTES as a "crisis". There is wide support amongst governments, experts, and community groups on a Housing First model, which prioritizes stable, quality housing as a precursor to other interventions for the homeless, those who use drugs, or those with mental illness.[63] Many people with severe addiction and/or mental illness require supportive housing.[139]

As the DTES has many low-income adults who live alone and are at risk of homelessness, trends in housing options for low-income adults are of central importance to the neighbourhood. Although SROs have well-known problems, each SRO resident who loses their room and ends up on the street is estimated to cost the provincial government approximately $30,000 to $40,000 per year in additional services.[140]

In recent years, the number of units designed for low-income singles has increased slightly: In the downtown area (Burrard Street to Clark Drive) there were 11,371 units in 1993 and 12,126 units in 2013.[141] The number of privately owned SROs declined during this time by 3283 units, while the number of social housing units increased by 4038 units.[141] In 2014, an additional 300 privately owned SRO units were lost.[142]

However, rents in many of those units have risen. Rents in social housing units for low-income singles are fixed at the shelter component of welfare rates, but rents in privately owned SROs can vary. In 2013, 24% of privately owned SROs rented at the base welfare shelter rate of $375 per month, down from 60% in 2007.[142] According to one advocacy group, the average lowest rent in privately owned hotels in the greater DTES area was $517 per month in 2015, and there were no vacant rooms renting at less than $425 per month.[143]

The city has implemented a bylaw to discourage the redevelopment of SROs.[144] Advocates for SRO tenants argue that the city's bylaw does not go far enough, as it does not prevent rent increases.[144] The city says that only the province, not the city, has the jurisdiction to control rents, and that the province should raise welfare rates.[145]

Since 2007, the provincial government has acquired 23 privately owned SRO hotels in the greater DTES area, containing 1,500 units. It undertook extensive renovations in 13 of those buildings at a cost of $143.3million, of which $29.1million was paid by the federal government.[43] Due to rising rents and often-decrepit conditions in the area's remaining 4,484 privately owned SROs, DTES activists have called for governments to replace them with a further 5,000 social housing units for low-income singles.[146]

The DTES has a history of attracting migrants with mental health and addiction issues from across B.C. and Canada, with many drawn by its drug market, affordable housing, and services.[34][58][72] Between 1991 and 2007, the DTES population increased by 140%.[34]

A 2016 study found that 52% of those DTES residents who experience chronic homelessness and serious mental-health issues, had migrated from outside Vancouver in the previous 10 years. This proportion of the population has tripled in the last decade.[148] The same study found that once migrants had settled in the DTES, their conditions worsened.[148] A 2013 study of tenants of DTES SROs found that while 93% of those surveyed were born in Canada, only 13% were born in Vancouver.[104] Vancouver Coastal Health estimates that half of the population that uses its health services in the DTES are long-term residents, and that there is a population turnover of 15 to 20% each year.[148]

You just keep dumping money in, building social housing and filling it up with people from all around the region and the country ... they all get chemically dependent, and it's just more sales for the drug dealers.

The Downtown Eastside, really, has become the last place where everybody runs to from across Canada. It's the last, best place for people who are the most marginalized people in the country.

It's the NIMBYism of the other 23 communities in the city that is the Downtown Eastside's greatest problem. And what the city needs to do is work to put significantly more services in different communities.

The DTES is the site of many service offerings including social housing, health care, free meals and clothing, harm reduction for drug users, housing assistance, employment preparation, adult education, children's programs, emergency housing, arts and recreation, and legal advocacy.[2] In 2014, the Vancouver Sun reported that there were 260 social services and housing sites in the greater DTES area, spending $360million per year.[2] No other Canadian city has concentrated services to this degree in one small area.[2]

Proponents of the high level of services say that it is necessary to meet the complex needs of the DTES population.[2] For some residents, the sense of community and acceptance that they find in the DTES makes it a unique place of healing for them.[139]

The practice of locating a large number of services in the DTES has also been criticized for attracting vulnerable people to an area where drugs, crime, and disorder are entrenched. Some advocates for vulnerable populations believe that many DTES residents would have a better quality of life and improved chances of health if they could separate from the neighbourhood's predatory drug pushers and pimps.[45][88][139][151]

During the City's 2014 planning process for the greater DTES, two-thirds of those who participated said they wanted to stay in the area.[2] But a 2008 survey of SRO tenants had indicated that 70% wanted to leave the DTES.[61] The City's 30-year plan is for two-thirds of the city's future social housing to be located in the greater DTES area.[2]

Vancouver Coastal Health says that the lack of appropriate care for complex social and health issues outside of the DTES often does not allow people "the choice to remain in their home community where their natural support systems exist... A common barrier that prevents mentally ill and addicted people from living outside of the DTES is a lack of appropriate services and supports, and too often clients who do secure housing outside the neighbourhood return to the DTES regularly because of the lack of supports found in other communities."[58]

Proposals to add social housing and services for those with addiction and/or mental health issues to other Metro Vancouver neighborhoods are often met with Nimbyism, even when residents selected for such projects would be low-risk individuals.[152] A 2012 poll of Metro Vancouver residents found that although nine out of 10 of those surveyed wanted the homeless to have access to services they need, 54% believed that "housing in their community should be there for the people who can afford it."[153] Some commentators have suggested that Vancouver residents tacitly agree to have the DTES act as a de facto ghetto for the most troubled individuals in the city.[150]

This community could be wiped off the face of the map. In the last three or four years the character of the neighbourhood has totally changed. Basically affordable rentals are a thing of the past.

Years of experience in other urban centres make it clear that maintaining the DTES as a high or special needs social housing enclave, over the long term will not help to stabilize either the community or the city as a whole.

The DTES lies a few blocks east of the most expensive commercial real estate in the city.[21] Since the mid-2000s, new development in the DTES has brought a mixture of market-rate housing (primarily condominiums), social housing, office spaces, restaurants, and shops.[155] Property values in the DTES area increased by 303% between 2001 and 2013.[156] Prices at the newer retail establishments are often far higher than low-income residents can afford.[155]

The city promotes mixed-income housing, and requires new large housing developments in the DTES to set aside 20% of their units for social housing.[155] As of 2014, in a section of Hastings Street from Carrall Street to Heatley Avenue, at least 60% of units must be dedicated to social housing and the rest must be rental units.[157] Rents in at least one-third of new social housing units are not permitted to exceed the shelter component of welfare rates.[157]

Proponents say that new developments revitalize the area, improve the quality of life, provide new social housing, and encourage a stronger retail environment and a stabilizing street presence.[116][155] They emphasize that their goal is for the DTES to include a mixture of income levels and avoid the problems associated with concentrated poverty, not to become an expensive yuppie-oriented neighbourhood like nearby Yaletown.[116][158][159]

Others oppose the addition of market housing and upscale businesses to the DTES, in the belief that these changes will drive up prices, displace low-income residents, and make poor people feel less at home.[116][160] Protests against new businesses and housing developments have occasionally turned violent.[146]

Several overlapping sets of data exist on costs related to the DTES:

Although housing and homelessness are often perceived as being municipal issues, social housing is traditionally funded primarily by senior levels of government, which receive 92% of tax revenue in Canada.[34] Libby Davies, a former DTES activist and Member of Parliament, called for a National Housing Strategy in 2009, saying that Canada is the world's only industrialized country with no national housing plan.[139]

In 2014, the City of Vancouver approved a 30-year plan for the greater DTES area. It sets out a goal of having 4,400 units of social housing added to the greater DTES area, 3,350 units of social housing added elsewhere in the city, and 1,900 units of new supportive housing scattered throughout the city.[164] The cost of implementing the plan is estimated at $1billion, of which $220-million would be paid by the city, $300-million by developers, and more than $500-million from the provincial and/or national governments.[164] The provincial government, which recently invested $300million in social housing in Vancouver, said that it will not be funding the proposed housing expansion, and that its housing strategy had shifted towards other models such as rent assistance rather than construction.[165]

In 2001, the city adopted a "Four Pillars" drug strategy consisting of four equally important "pillars": prevention, treatment, enforcement, and harm reduction. Advocates of the Four Pillars strategy say that the 36 recommendations associated with the policy have only been partly implemented, with prevention, treatment, and harm reduction all being underfunded.[38] Across Canada, 94% of drug strategy dollars are spent on enforcement.[110] The city's 2014 Local Area Plan for the DTES does not propose solutions to the neighbourhood's drug problems; an article in the National Post described it as a "221-page document that expertly skirted around any mention of the Downtown Eastside as a failed community in need of a drastic turnaround."[45]

The VPD, B.C. Medical Association, and City of Vancouver have asked the province to urgently increase capacity for treating addiction and mental illness.[63] In 2009, the BCMA asked that detoxification be available on demand, with no waiting period, by 2012.[63] A 2016 study of youth who used illicit drugs in Vancouver indicated that 28% had tried unsuccessfully to access addiction treatment in the previous 6 months, with the lack of success mostly due to being placed on waiting lists.[166]

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B.C. tenant says she ‘felt something crawling on the back of her head’ – Vancouver Is Awesome

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She also found flea feces in her bathwater.

If you've ever spotted a mouse or rat in your dwelling, you might have run in the opposite direction.

But not all pests cause such a commotion at least not at first glance.

According toSection 32of the Residential Tenancy Act (RTA), landlords are responsible forproviding and maintaining their residential propertiesin a state that complies with the health, safety and housing standards required by law. In other words, they need to keep your pad pest-free or deal with pest issues as they arise.

Tenants also bear a responsibility to uphold the cleanliness of their rental units, too.

The RTAstipulates that a "tenant must maintain reasonable health, cleanliness and sanitary standards throughout the rental unit."

The BC Residential Tenancy Branch (RTB) sees a range of complaints from landlords and tenants regarding cleanliness and pest issues but it may surprise you how many of the filesinvolve fleas.

At roughly an eighth of an inch long, fleas aren'treadily noticeable in the way larger insects are, such as cockroaches (a B.C. tenant said one of them crawled into her ear). However, the pint-sized pests can cause major infestations and wreak havoc on humans and pets alike.

Here are just a handful of the multiple decisions involving rat-related issues in past years.

Despite multiple visits from a pest control company, a B.C. tenant says she was still dealing with pest issues that included flea bites. The woman, who was in the process of findingnew housing, was concerned about the condition of her belongings and her unit. However, the landlord saysthey tried to resolve the issue and that the tenant was not willing to take the necessary steps. Specifically, they needed the tenant to temporarily move and store her belongings so they could thoroughly exterminate the pests.

In this incident, the RTB ruled in favour of the landlord because of the tenant's unwillingness to help solve the issue. That said, the ruling states that the RTB sympathizes with the tenant's unfortunate circumstances.

A landlord was seeking significant compensation for what they say was "extensive damage" to every room in the rental unit. The damage allegedly affected the "walls, ceilings, floors/carpets, doors, shower, toilet, windows, siding, screens, blinds, [and] appliances." Pets were not allowed in the unit and the landlord notes that the "mass flea infestation" was caused by at least one cat.

The landlord submitted photographs, receiptsand damage reports.

Another B.C. landlord says they were left with a flea-infested rental unit after their tenant,who had a cat and a rabbit, moved out.They note that the infestation was so severe that they "were still present in all the carpets after being steam cleaned and following two infestation treatments." As a result, the landlord ripped out the carpeting and replaced it with laminate flooring.

The former tenant, however, alleges that the unit was full of "mould and rot" and that it was a "breeding ground for fleas." They also say that their cat was given regular flea shots and that the vet said it was not carrying the tiny insects.

In this instance, the RTB sided with the landlord as the tenant didn't have sufficient evidence to back up their claims. That said, the landlord wasn't awarded the full sum of money they were asking for because the "older carpets" were likely "very near to the end of their useful life."

The tenant in this dispute says she "discovered the infestation when she felt something crawling on the back of her head." She went to the doctor who allegedlyinformed her that she had "bird mites."

In addition, she notes that there was also a significant flea problem and that a vet found "flea feces" in her bathwater. She also claims there were "lice, scabies, and bed bugs," too.

B.C. tenant says she 'felt something crawling on the back of her head' - Vancouver Is Awesome

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Homestead apartments sees surge in cockroach and pest infestations – YGK News

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Homestead Land Holdings has been said to have a considerable amount of roach infestations over the years, but recently it has gotten worse for residents, and become unmanageable for many.

Multiple residents of Homestead buildings in Kingston have come forward publicly complaining about abhorrent conditions that the company refuses to properly address.

Some residents are opting to live in a tent or to couch surf rather than suffer through the poor condition of their unit, even after theyve paid rent on the unit.

Ive been in this apartment of homesteads for 3 months, I have had 2 bacterial infections and now I just found a second cockroach in the love of my lifes ear, one resident posted publicly on social media this week.

Another resident, who wished to remain anonymous, moved into the Mayfair building in May.

After a couple of weeks, she began to notice roaches in her apartment, and by the end of June said she would see roughly fifteen per day in her apartment, and others in common areas.

She said she addressed it with Parkway property manager Isaac Jones, who insisted the issue is a unit-by-unit problem that is due to the lifestyle of those tenants.

She says after several unsuccessful, haphazard attempts at treating the problem, she has had to result to couch surfing.

That is having an impact on not only her physical and mental health but her financial well-being.

I bought all these groceries at home and now Im just tossing them, Im feeding my kid takeout every night because I cant cook, the resident said.

For this month, she says, shes paid over $1,100 to Homestead for an apartment she doesnt even live in just so she can keep good standing with the company.

She feels that the pest issue has taken away her and her three-year-old childs ability to have a place to call home.

I finally had a place to myself. I went through a lot these past couple years and we finally got a place that was ours and everything was good and then the roaches, she said.

She added that Homestead has been dishonest about the problems in their buildings, and she hopes residents continue coming forward about these issues so that the company is forced to stop lying to potential tenants.

The issue is not unique to just the Mayfair building, however, as residents of at least three other properties of Homestead have come forward with similar complaints of cockroaches, bed bugs and fleas.

Vi Maclean, who also lives in a Homestead Parkway building, transferred with her family to save some money on rent.

Due to COVID they were unable to properly inspect the location and were nonchalantly told by the building manager that there are roaches in the building, but it was isolated to one apartment and had been dealt with.

The very next morning, she and her husband woke up riddled with flea bites.

McLean says she has no pets and had never experienced issues with fleas or bed bugs at the previous apartment, however, the Homestead building manager insisted that the pests were brought by them.

She says the pest issue doesnt allow her family to feel at home.

To come here and have bed bugs, fleas and roaches was horrible, McLean said.

We couldnt unpack anything, stuff in boxes are still in boxes. We cant really live in our home and we have to tell our three-year-old you cant play on the floor, theres insects.

McLean says she and her family are sleeping on an inflatable mattress in the living room while theyre unable to use their bed, and have already had to throw out a couch.

Homestead continues to tell residents its a unit-by-unit problem but cockroaches are constantly found in public areas, and residents who have lived there for years say its been a problem for ages.

If its been years of these [infestations] then theyre not doing what they can do to treat this, theyre just kind of sweeping it under the rug.

McLean says the city has been contacted and investigated the building, eventually siding with Homestead that everything was above board.

This makes no sense to McLean, who says clearly there is still an issue, and that Homestead will put the blame on everyone from tenants in the building to U-Haul for not properly cleaning their trucks rather than properly addressing the infestation.

McLean has since organized with other frustrated Homestead residents and has started a petition, and says she hopes to bring forward a class-action lawsuit.

These complaints at Homestead come at a time where cockroach complaints are at their highest in decades, according to Orkin Canada. Calls for cockroaches have doubled between 2017 and 2020 and they are up at least 38% this year.

According to Orkin Canada, the surge in infestations are partially due to cockroaches becoming resistant to certain insecticides over the years.

YGK News reached out to Homestead Land Holdings for comment but did not receive a response in time for publication.

Residents can report property standards issues by contacting City of Kingston Bylaw Enforcement.

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Homestead apartments sees surge in cockroach and pest infestations - YGK News

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Editorial: Comfort animals, flashbacks, climate change, and other confusing things – The Gila Herald

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Column By Mike Bibb

A comfort animal, often called an emotional support animal, is a therapy animal, usually a dog, that is specially trained to provide comforting companionship and an emotional release for victims of a crisis or disaster. Comfort animal is a term sometimes used for what are commonly known as crisis response animals.www.dictionary

Yes, I have a pet dog. I love my dog. I dont mistreat my dog. I dont keep him chained to a steel stake in the backyard. I keep his vaccinations current. Sometimes he gets upset with me, particularly when I forget to toss him a treat, but we both soon forgive and forget.

I have never taken him to lunch or dinner at any of the local restaurants, and I dont recall a waitress ever asking me how Benson was doing and was he remaining healthy through the COVID turmoil?

He hasnt flown commercial, so Im not sure how well hed interact with the rest of the airborne menagerie.

However, restaurant greeters occasionally ask my wife how she handles the stress of being married to a near idiot, but that is usually a courtesy inquiry in an effort to remain polite. Im not sure they really meant it, or if they actually knew my IQ number. Which, I think, is somewhere in the high single digits.

Not too shabby for an old Safford High grad. Unfortunately, I didnt receive an academic scholarship to Stanford University something about not meeting certain scholastic standards.Whatever that means.

Theres wisdom in the adage, When one door closes, another opens, and I was accepted into the University of South Vietnam. Thanksto the assistance of the Marine Corps office of Higher Institutional Placement (HIP) a voluntary alternative to the mandatory draft.

All I had to do was 20 pushups every six or seven minutes, run up and down hills until the sun disappeared, learn to shoot a weapon at someone I had never known, and convince the Drill Instructor I was sincerely having a good time.

Seemed easy enough. Besides, Standford was for wussies. Real men didnt mind facing an AK-47 assault rifle to make America safe for future Stanford Members of Congress. Actually, it was expected. Someone had to do the dirty work.

I didnt know that then I do now. Or, as Creedence Clearwater Revival reminded me, I was no Fortunate Son. General Electrics quarterly dividend checks could be in jeopardy, so to spare stockholders the disappointment of a shrinking return on investment, hundreds of thousands of naive high school kids answered the call.

Some went to Canada, while others stopped off in Woodstock, New York for a celebration of music, peace, and love. And, maybe a little cannabis to enhance the mood.

Several years later, we hastily left Saigon with panicky folks clinging to evacuating helicopter skids. Kind of like we recently witnessed in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Washington politicians, most of whom had no skin in the game, lied to the American people that we were continually on the cusp of victory in Vietnam. A decade and 52,000 funerals later proved otherwise.

Almost an exact replay of our 20-year incursion into Afghanistan. Mealy-mouthed political hucksters and woke military generals faithfully assured us the Taliban was on the run, even as they were quickly advancing toward the last functioning airport in the country. In the end, Kabuls runways were jammed with fleeing citizens and U.S. employees, desperate to hitch a ride to anywhere.

The American Army had already gone home at the urging of their Commander-in-Chief a brilliant tactician and scholar of failed military encounters.

The bad guys had won again. In appreciation, President Joe Biden awarded the Taliban billions of dollars in surrendered military equipment.

I dont believe even a semi-intelligent Stanford poli-sci student would be that scatterbrained.

As I was saying, before flashing back to the good old days, the wife and I were having lunch the other day at one of the Mexican food establishments when a lady walked in with her comfort dog. Both she and the pet sat on the same side of the booth dinette. Maybe the dog was the only luncheon date she could get, I dont know.

To my knowledge, the waitress didnt request if the animal was friendly, flea and tick-free, and up-to-date on his vaccines? Or, if the pooch had washed his paws prior to entering, or where his nose had been a few minutes earlier?

Basic stuff a waiter might want to know before serving a helping of chips and salsa.

Apparently, theres an unwritten rule if a hostess or waitress asks a customer if their emotional support animal is really an emotional support animal and not just another rescue mutt from the local pound, that simple question could set off the customer into uncontrollable fits of rage.

To my way of thinking, almost sounds like animal abuse to expose a dog, cat, hamster, miniature goat, peacock, or python to a humans mentally agitated outbursts.

After all, who or what is going to comfort the comfort animal?

But, thats the world we live in, which Im desperately trying to adjust to. Some days are better than others depending upon if the mother-in-law is planning to stay a while longer or if shes really leaving before noon.

Now, I understand several communities around the country are requiring proof of a COVID vaccination to be presented before an intended customer is allowed to enter a restaurant. No documented shot record no hamburger and fries. Simple as that.

If the customer is accompanied by a comfort pet, then I guess the animal is okay to go on in, but its unvaxxed owner will have to remain outside.

Interestingly, theres no mention of the necessity to ask if a customer has had a yearly flu shot, valley fever, various STDs, tuberculosis, bed bugs, or any other communicable disease. Just COVID.

This presents a unique situation; there are presently three classifications of customers who are permitted to dine in certain restaurants those who have received the COVID vaccines, emotional support animals, and recently arrived undocumented migrants from Guatemala and Somalia.

In a time when climate experts are telling us the Polar ice caps are melting, millionaires and billionaires beach homes are endangered by rising tides and the Taliban has overtaken Afghanistan because of global warming, dont these people realize the climate menace is the single greatest threat to our continued existence? Far exceeding the dangers of the China virus.

They inform us we only have about nine years before the whole planet evaporates. Not sure if that includes everyone outside the United States. Guess Id better cancel any plans I may have had for my 60th high school class reunion. Too bad, I was really looking forward to seeing if Beverly BB Hymen was still as overweight as ever.

She was affectionally known as BB, a term of endearment for Big Bev. Others mockingly called her Big Buttocks, in a Forrest Gump sort of way. BB was state runner-up in the high school steer wrestling finals but was suddenly disqualified because of testing positive for bovine enhancing steroids.

In an effort to get her waistline under 74 inches Id heard shed been pumping iron at Jims Gym. Unfortunately, since COVID mandates have closed most of those facilities shes remained home, on the couch, gorging multiple handfuls of Marie Osmonds 18 Pounds Gone diet supplements.

Speaking of those crazy Taliban folks most of them have probably never heard of the perils of climate change, dont own a beach cottage, or drive a Tesla, or have gaudy solar panels nailed to the roofs of their huts. I doubt if one in a million is aware of the dangers of not being COVID vaccinated. They simply cut off the heads of anyone suspected of being infected with coronavirus or being a New Orleans Saints fan.

Also, I imagine theyve already eaten their comfort animals. Looks like having a calm and relaxed mental disposition isnt a big deal to them.

Most likely, it never occurred to the Taliban ransacking Kabul without wearing masks wasnt socially acceptable behavior. Boy, are they in big trouble with Dr. Fauci and the Centers for Disease Control. A super-spreader event in full view of cable news.

I just noticed its almost 5:30 p.m., time for another Delta virus statistical update from Washington. The Taliban probably thinks its simply a fishing report for the lowlands around the mouth of the Helmand River.

If COVID doesnt ultimately get us, climate change surely will or maybe a global pandemic of stupidity gone viral!

The views in this editorial are those of the author

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Civil Helicopter Market 2021 and Analysis to 2027 Light Helicopter (Below 4.5 T), Medium Helicopter (4.5 to 8.5 T), Heavy Helicopter (Above 8.5 T) -…

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Civil Helicopter Market research is an intelligence report made with meticulous efforts to study the correct and valuable information. The data that has been looked at is done taking into account both the existing top players and the upcoming competitors Business strategies of major players and emerging Civil Helicopter industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this analysis report. It also provides market information related to the development and its capacity.

The global Civil Helicopter market was valued at 6848.69 Million USD in 2020 and will grow with a CAGR of 3.9% from 2020 to 2027.

Some of the top companies influencing this market include: Bell Helicopter Textron, AVIC Helicopter, Airbus, Leonardo, MD Helicopters, Korea Aerospace Industries, Hindustan Aeronautics, Enstrom Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, Russian Helicopters, Robinson Helicopter.

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Various factors are responsible for the growth of the Trajectory market which are studied in depth within the report. In addition, the report lists the barriers that pose a threat to the global Civil Helicopter market. It also examines the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, the threat posed by new entrants and product substitutes, and the degree of competition in the market. The impact of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. He studies the development of the Civil Helicopter market between the forecast periods.

Global Civil Helicopter market Segmentation:

Market by Type: Light Helicopter (Below 4.5 T), Medium Helicopter (4.5 to 8.5 T), Heavy Helicopter (Above 8.5 T)

Market by Application: Geological Exploration, Hydropower Construction, Agriculture Industry

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Regions covered in the global Civil Helicopter market report 2021:

The Middle East and Africa (GCC countries and Egypt)

North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)

South America (Brazil etc.)

Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia, UK, Italy, France, etc.)

Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia and Australia)

The cost analysis of the global market was carried out taking into account manufacturing costs, labor costs and raw materials as well as their market concentration, suppliers and price trends. Other factors such as the supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy were assessed to provide a complete and detailed view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be considered a study of market positioning with factors such as target customers, brand strategy, and pricing strategy.

Key questions answered in the report are:

Table of Contents (TOC)

Global Market Report 2021 Growth, Trend, and Forecast to 2027

Chapter 1 Market overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2015-2021)

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2015-2021)

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price History by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributor / Dealer

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Market Forecast (2021-2027)

Chapter 13 Appendix

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Global Thrombectomy Devices Market Report 2021 Global Industry Report, 2027

Fumigation Services Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Natural Fumigation And Artificial Fumigation), by Application (Ants, Bed Bugs, Cockroaches, Termites, Beetles, Flies, Wasps, and Others), By End User (Commercial and Residential), Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America)Forecast till 2028

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Civil Helicopter Market 2021 and Analysis to 2027 Light Helicopter (Below 4.5 T), Medium Helicopter (4.5 to 8.5 T), Heavy Helicopter (Above 8.5 T) -...

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