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Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on May 8th, 2022

With trepidation, outreach workers knock on a door uncertain of what will happen next.

There could be rats, bedbugs, lack of heating, lack of water, or flooded rooms. There might be nakedness. Likely there will be no privacy, because people who live precariously, one small step away from homelessness, are not afforded courtesies when it comes to rental spaces.

Sometimes the only thing in the room is a dirty mattress. But this space might not even be a room. It might be a section of floor behind a furnace in the basement. It might be a haphazard loft space inside a garage. It might be a shed. It might be a dumpster.

And always, when outreach workers knock on a door, there is the possibility of finding someone dead.

The situation of the homeless and the precariously housed, today in 2022, is absolutely Dickensian and asking for more is out of the question. People are expected to be happy that they have anything at all.

Nothing but despair can grow in this unjust system.

Situation is not new

From the beginning of formal psychiatric care in Canada, some 200 years ago when lunatic asylums and asylum for idiots and imbeciles were first opened, this has been the snapshot of Canadas most vulnerable.

In the 1800s, people were held in poorhouses or jails described as deplorable under the same conditions we see today; housing without sanitation, without heating.

The original intent back in the 1800s appears to have been to improve the inhumane conditions and treatment of those suffering with unknown afflictions.

But the changes elicited had a short lifespan and, before long, the overcrowding, the range of extreme behaviours and lack of any deep systemic understanding of the complex presenting ailments resulted in a shift from kind refuge to custodial care.

By the turn of the century, it was common for those suffering with mental health issues to be restrained, shackled or in straight jackets, which continued to be used in Canada into the 1980s. Patients were still living in deplorable conditions.

During the recruitment of soldiers during the Second World War, medical applications revealed the role of stress in affecting a persons state of mental health. The sizeable scope of this documented level of stress was a fairly new unearthing.

After the war, when soldiers returned home with acute psychiatric disorders, there started to be clearer recognition and categorization of mental health issues. The first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health (DSM) was penned in 1952.

In the 1970s, with the advent of new psychiatric medication on the horizon, doctors believed that patients could be released from hospitals and treated within the community with medication. It was the era of deinstitutionalization, a clarion call granting independence to those who didnt require perpetual lockdown.

This movement away from institutions was supposed to create space and opportunities for people to have access to housing and other basic human rights. Yet despite this well-intentioned appeal for autonomy, this shift in thought, people with mental health issues and limited life skills (after years of institutionalization) still continued to live in deplorable conditions, in rooming houses that were neither adequate nor safe but, in fact, dangerous.

Remarkable insight

Pat Capponi was one of those patients released from a psychiatric hospital to a boarding house. She would go on to become the author of seven books, an advocate for mental health issues, champion of those living in poverty and outspoken critic of government policies.

With her sharp wit, Capponi pricked the balloons of so-called positive change. Her first book, Upstairs in the Crazy House, shone a light revealing that people were still living in the same shockingly disgraceful conditions noted more than 150 years previous.

However, Capponi wrote that even with the squalor of boarding houses, infested with mice and lice, the idea of leaving and heading out into public was worse. After numerous, lengthy psychiatric stays, she no longer was a part of that world. It was a world that did not understand her. She would spend the rest of her life convincing the medical community that medication alone was not an acceptable treatment.

Capponi was a force, psychologically huge, vocal and spot on with her indictment of flawed government policies and medical practices. She asked where was the money saved from closing hospitals money that should rightly be directed to the patients now living in boarding houses and on the streets. She asked what is wrong with a society that sends five members of her family to institutional living while the abuser, her father, got to stay home.

She spoke to the unfairness of non-profits who profited and presumed to speak for Capponi and her peers in what Capponi called a closed, self-congratulatory system. Instead, what Capponi demanded on behalf of all those living on the street and in boarding houses was the absolute baseline entitlement to a home, a job and a friend.

Outreach workers arrive

In 1980, the term concurrent disorder was coined describing the co-occurring diagnoses of addiction and mental health issues.

In the 1990s, there was a shift in Waterloo Region with the creation of outreach workers. Instead of asking clients to be proactive and make their way to an office where they would have an appointment with a person who might help them, outreach workers walked the streets, searched people out, and visited community kitchens where people were congregating.

Sitting with people for stretches with no time limit, making phone calls and advocating on their behalf, and accompanying people to appointments went a long way for relationship development and trust.

In short time, outreach workers saw that most of the people living on the street and boarding houses did indeed struggle with both addiction and mental health issues. A nurse in the community who worked specifically with Acquired Brain Injury helped outreach staff understand that probably 80 per cent of this population also suffered from trauma to the brain.

Added to all this trauma is the frequent early deaths of mates and street family. In fact, one bout of homelessness is equated with losing 20 years off your life. People on the street typically dont live past their 50s.

Government response in the early 2000s was to conduct surveys that questioned everything about a persons life on the street. The work of the surveys was sent up through the tiers, reaching someone who had no direct contact or relationship with the person on the street. As can be expected, the important items were lost in translation. It might as well have been a game of telephone.

Places of worship step up

Around the same time, in the mode of charity, many places of worship in Waterloo Region generously opened their doors, clothing, feeding, sheltering and giving financial support for those without a home. Seven churches in the region began The Out of the Cold Program in 1999, one for each night of the week, offering in most cases a dinner, a place to sleep and a breakfast.

Places of worship stepped up and did the work of the government, waiting for the government to understand the need for structural change; waiting for the government to proceed with a justice model, waiting for the government to understand that a variety of housing options are needed.

Relying on a charity model for a long stretch of time puts too much pressure on the givers who eventually have nothing left to give. The needs are too overwhelming, the issues too complex. The charity model plays an important role, but it is temporary. It is not sustainable without the justice of giving people the housing, food, clean water, sanitation and safety they have a right to.

Eventually, the Region of Waterloo invited outreach workers to the table, validating the work that had been done and showing a willingness to hear the unedited, unscripted thoughts from the people living on the street, who know best what is needed for street-involved people.

This perhaps marked the first time that the dominant culture wasnt in control of speaking for people with addiction and mental health issues.

Today, there are health care workers, medical staff and outreach staff working in downtown areas of Waterloo Region who deliver trauma-informed care with a wide scope that recognizes the complexity of patients who score high on the adverse childhood affects scale, patients who have spent time in prison, who carry the scars of being brutalized.

Today, care is being delivered by staff who understand substance use and proceed in caring for people without shame and stigma, with a model of harm reduction.

And yet it is easy for social service organizations to lose their vision. The work becomes exhausting, not because of the street folks, but because of an unjust, miserly government system that fails to give its citizens their basic human rights. A system that watches people with a punishing Orwellian eye, looking over their shoulder as people attempt to share space creatively, or make extra money to complement the meagre amounts earned on Ontario Works or Ontario Disability amounts that fall far below any reasonable standard of living.

Will to live

And yet ... and yet the remarkable piece of being invited into this community, the golden egg in the face of perpetual calamity, is that mostly people want to live.

Against all odds, people continue to live and not only live, but bring joy, hilarity into their community, revelling in the absurd. They are like pirates, rough-talking rogues who live by their own set of codes, who make you walk the plank if you cant entertain the truth of how Canada treats its most vulnerable.

As a culture we still believe that being born is Canada is a fortunate thing. However, even though opportunities may be offered to all of us, the conditions are not the same for all, making the opportunities inaccessible, making food inaccessible, not because there isnt enough but because it is not affordable.

The social determinants of health are the social and economic conditions that a person experiences, including where you were born, whether your mother had the opportunity of good prenatal care, whether you had access to nutritious food, health care, education, jobs.

The World Health Organization says this unequal distribution of experiences is a result of a toxic combination of poor social policies, unfair economic arrangements and bad politics.

For outreach workers, the process includes constant learning, listening and bending because the needs are forever fluid. Therefore, thought goes into knocking on a persons door, hoping for the best but preparing for the unpredictable, the unfathomable.

It includes reading unspoken needs, such as someone walking in shoes without laces, indicative of just being released from jail. It includes understanding the obstacles in entering a doctors office, beginning with remove your shoes outside the office. It includes consideration for all the many needs being attended to behind a locked public washroom door, perhaps the only time that person is truly safe.

None of this can be taught to a government that is not on the ground. And the landscape and needs of the street world are ever changing.

It must be witnessed with full engagement, without expectations.

Bearing witness

Perhaps bearing witness is the most important thing we can do as a beginning point. The person may be silent about their trauma, but the witness should be a vocal, informed observer.

The responsibility for change certainly doesnt lie at the feet of those who are living below all standard measures of what are considered basic human needs. Surely, we can ensure that we see what is in our own communities; that we are witnessing the dismal truth of what it means for the most vulnerable of our population to live in Canada in the 21st century.

In bearing witness, we can say: I see you, I hear you, you are not invisible.

Because sadly many in our community continue to live in circumstances first documented in the 19th century: deplorable conditions with poor sanitation, inadequate food and heating.

People have been waiting for change, for housing, for centuries.

Decent housing for all.

Leslie Morgenson is a longtime advocate for people experiencing homelessness, addiction and mental health issues in Waterloo Region.

Patiently waiting for something to happen. Im waiting for nothing, nothing is coming. I sit and I wait, I pace and I wait, but nothing, still nothing, nothing will happen.

A message found scrawled on the wall of a vacant boarding house room. Author unknown.

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A surprise behind every door | - Waterloo Region Record

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on May 3rd, 2022

Newark, May 02, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- As per the report published by The Brainy Insights, the global metal furniture market is expected to grow from USD 145 billion in 2021 to USD 210 billion by 2030, at a CAGR of 4.2% during the forecast period 2022-2030.

The importance of home & office dcor is gaining traction in the contemporary world. Home & office dcor reflects the personality, emotions, moods, values, thoughts & beliefs of a person or organization. They can change the mood, create a comfortable space, and facilitate productive work.

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Home & office dcor also can be multi-functional, allowing the optimum use of space & resources while maintaining its aesthetic appeal. Consumers today are conscious of climate change and believe in making sustainable purchasing choices. Furniture is a significant part of dcor. Metal furniture is eco-friendly, has an aesthetic appeal, can be molded to fit the contemporary style of the consumers, and is versatile, durable, lustrous & low maintenance. They fit the needs of the consumers and hence will grow significantly in the forecast period with the rising popularity of home & office dcor. The automation and digitization of office spaces & homes have facilitated the integration of technology with furniture. The integration allows the consumers to change the prints & colors and control the operations & functions of the furniture. Such smart features will provide lucrative opportunities for the metal furniture market. Metals are heavy by nature, making their movement a restrictive and challenging process. They also get quickly heated when exposed to higher temperatures. These factors can hamper the growth of the market. However, utilizing alloys, a mixture of metals, to reduce metals' weight and heating capacity can overcome these shortcomings and expand the metal furniture market.

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Competitive Strategy

To enhance their market position in the global metal furniture market, the key players are now focusing on adopting the strategies such as product innovations, mergers & acquisitions, recent developments, joint ventures, collaborations, and partnerships.

US furniture brand Steelcase launched an updated version of Please chair. The product incorporates contemporary style with a breathable mesh in the back to provide exceptional comfort. The chair was developed after a study conducted by observing individuals who have long working hours. The chair mimics the movement of the spine and reduces tension and stress on the back. Such a pragmatic approach to designing everyday furniture is helping Steelcase retain its market share.

Market Growth & Trends

The increasing demand for premium & luxury furniture accompanied by sustainable features will drive the demand for the metal furniture market. Metal furniture is made from salvaged wood pallets, wood, bamboos, and seagrass, making it eco-friendly and recyclable. The aesthetic appeal, durable and comfortable features of metal furniture are likely to contribute significantly to the growth of the global metal furniture market. The ductile & malleable properties facilitate the creation of metal furniture in various shapes, sizes & colors to fit the contemporary style of the growing urbanized population. The lifestyle changes with busy everyday schedules have created the need for low-maintenance yet sophisticated products. Metal furniture is easy to clean, can tolerate chemicals, has high resistance towards termites & bed bugs, and it is durable, which increases its lifespan. Metal furnitures are low maintenance and is an excellent long-term investment. They are customizable and multi-functional with an aesthetic appeal that fits consumers' space. It can withstand extreme weather conditions as well. The integration of technology with metal furniture to make them versatile with changing virtual digital prints, remotely controlled operations & enhanced functions has increased their popularity. Low maintenance, contemporary style, durability, comfort, and smart features of metal furniture fit the busy lifestyles of the urbanized population, contributing significantly to the growth of the global metal furniture market.

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Key Findings

In 2021, the commercial segment dominated the market with the largest market share of 67% and market revenue of 97.15 billion.The application segment is divided into commercial & residential. In 2021, the commercial segment dominated the market with the largest market share of 67% and market revenue of 97.15 billion. The table segment is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR of 4.8% over the forecast period.The type segment is divided into table, chair, bed, sofa & others. Over the forecast period, the table segment is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR of 4.8%. In 2021, the specialty stores segment accounted for the largest share of the market, with 34% and a market revenue of 49.30 billion.

The distribution channel segment is divided into supermarkets/hypermarkets, online stores, convenience stores, specialty stores, & others. In 2021, the specialty stores segment accounted for the largest share of the market, with 34% and a market revenue of 49.30 billion. Specialty stores carry a narrow range of goods with extensive lines and varieties of those goods. They organize the best and top brands of a product. Specialty stores are designed for a customized customer experience. Customers have the luxury to choose the best of the best from specialty stores and meet their functional requirements along the way.

Regional Segment Analysis of the Metal Furniture Market

North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico) Europe (Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Spain, Rest of Europe) Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Rest of APAC) South America (Brazil and the Rest of South America) The Middle East and Africa (UAE, South Africa, Rest of MEA)

Among all regions, the Asia Pacific region emerged as the largest market for the global metal furniture market, with a market share of around 32% and 46.40 billion of the market revenue in 2021. The Asia Pacific is expected to be the largest market during the forecast period. The metal furniture market in the Asia Pacific has been expanding rapidly. China dominates metal furniture in the Asia Pacific. The real estate sector in the Asia Pacific region has been increasing rapidly to meet the population's housing needs. The commercial real estate sector is also booming with the rise in the construction of office spaces and other recreational amenities. Metal furniture finds application in housing complexes, office spaces, & other commercial spaces owing to its durable, comfortable, & aesthetic nature. Therefore, the rising real estate sector will be followed by a booming metal furniture market.

Key players operating in the global metal furniture market are:

IKEA Godrej Furniture Zinus Cymax Group Inc. Hillsdale Furniture Simpli Home Chyuan Chern Furniture Co. Ltd. Meco Corporation DHP Furniture Steelcase Inc.

This study forecasts revenue at global, regional, and country levels from 2019 to 2030. The Brainy Insights has segmented the global metal furniture market based on the below-mentioned segments:

Global Metal Furniture Market by Application:

Commercial Residential

Global Metal Furniture Market by Type:

Table Chair Bed Sofa Others

Global Metal Furniture Market by Distribution Channel:

Supermarkets/Hypermarkets Convenience Stores Specialty Stores Online Others

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About the report:

The global metal furniture market is analyzed based on value (USD Billion). All the segments have been analyzed on a worldwide, regional, and country basis. The study includes the analysis of more than 30 countries for each part. The report offers an in-depth analysis of driving factors, opportunities, restraints, and challenges for gaining critical insight into the market. The study includes porter's five forces model, attractiveness analysis, raw material analysis, supply, demand analysis, competitor position grid analysis, distribution, and marketing channels analysis.

About The Brainy Insights:

The Brainy Insights is a market research company, aimed at providing actionable insights through data analytics to companies to improve their business acumen. We have a robust forecasting and estimation model to meet the clients' objectives of high-quality output within a short span of time. We provide both customized (clients' specific) and syndicate reports. Our repository of syndicate reports is diverse across all the categories and sub-categories across domains. Our customized solutions are tailored to meet the clients' requirement whether they are looking to expand or planning to launch a new product in the global market.

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Metal Furniture Market Size worth USD 210 Billion by 2030 | With Stunning Growth of 4.2% CAGR, Says The Brainy Insights - GlobeNewswire

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 20th, 2022

A city in northern Ontario has topped a list that no one wants to be on for the second year in a row, Orkin Canada's top 10 bed bug cities.

Sudbury has once again taken the No. 2 spot behind Toronto for the most commercial and residential bed bug treatments carried out by a Canadian pest control company in 2021. It is the only city from the northern region to make the list.

It is the third year in a row that Toronto has taken the top spot.

"The rankings show that the overall number of bed bug sightings nationwide remained similar to the year prior, and remains below pre-pandemic levels," Orkin Canada said in a news release.

"Travel bans, stay-at-home orders, and a general shift to working remotely have resulted in fewer hitch-hiking opportunities for these critters, and yet they have found a way to stick around."

However, there is a risk of bed bugs spreading as the economy opens back up again.

"Beware of the return of borrowed office chairs," Orkin said. "Due to their ability to double in population about every 16 days, it should not be difficult for bed bugs to regain their grip on the Canadian market."

There are some tips to prevent bed bugs:

The top 10 Canadian cities with the most bed bug calls are:

Some of the changes from the previous year include, Vancouver rising the list by one to No. 3, St. John's rose by two to No. 4 and Winnipeg going from No. 5 to No. 9. New on the list this year are two maritime cities, Moncton and Saint John, N.B.

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This northern Ontario city is one of Canada's top 10 for ...

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 19th, 2022

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Analysis: Since the start of the century, the animal rights movement has gained increasing support and momentum in the marketplace, in courtrooms and in legislatures.

Humanitys dominion over the animal kingdom and its slaughter of species great and small may be coming to an end as some of those creatures win legal recognition and pursue claims of legal rights.

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Vancouver lawyer Victoria Shroff, who 22 years ago became one of the first specialists in animal law, thinks a sea-change is underway with the growing acceptance that some animals have a sense of consciousness.

Not every animal law scholar agrees that personhood (the legal rights of individuals) is the way forward, she said.

They think it creates a kind of exceptionalism or speciesism where animals that are more recognizable and valued will be at the top of the chain and the ones less valued, like rats and chickens, will still be human fodder. Elephants and dolphins, ones that have language, where do you draw the line? I think we nudge open the courtroom doors to let whoever we can pass first and the rest will follow.

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As slaves and women were once considered property but eventually given equality, so should sentient creatures, is the argument. It does not matter that they cannot articulate or communicate instruction to counsel, because neither can comatose individuals without family, or babies who have been abandoned.

Since the start of the century, the animal rights movement has gained increasing support and momentum in the marketplace, in courtrooms and in legislatures.

In May, the New York Court of Appeals will hear arguments on behalf of Happy the zoo elephant.

This landmark case has been called the most important animal-rights case of the 21st century and challenges the idea of elephants as things, with an aim to free Happy to a sanctuary.

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This is the vital case, absolutely vital, Shroff said.

Numerous briefs have been filed opposing the elephant that, as one put it, boil down to fear: Should Happy be provided with habeas corpus rights, farms, zoos, and aquaria would be at risk to a plethora of similar lawsuits purportedly made on behalf of the animals residing in their facilities. Pet owners would no longer be able to be certain that they will be able to keep caring for the dogs, cats or fish they possess.

A collapse of the social order was predicted, although perhaps a bit prematurely.

In the U.K., for example, the government last year grabbed the bull by the horns, so to speak, proposing the far-reaching Animal Welfare (Sentience) Bill that recognizes certain creatures as sentient.

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An Animal Sentience Committee will examine the effect of official policies and mandates on such animals and provide a report with recommendations for government action.

The high court in Ecuador ruled individual wild animals had legal rights and were not property in a suit brought by the former owner on behalf of his late woolly monkey.

Captured and turned into a family pet, Estrellita was seized by the authorities after 18 years and moved to a zoo where she died within about a month.

In March, the United Nations Environment Assembly called on the global organization to ensure its programs embody the principles of interconnectivity that humans and animals live not in isolation but together as part of a wider biosphere.

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In Canada, there have been court cases and broad legislation proposed.The Jane Goodall Act, Bill S-241, was reintroduced in March by Sen. Marty Klyne, who picked up where retired Sen. Murray Sinclair left off in 2020.

It embraces Indigenous perspectives and the view that animal laws and policies should be based on co-existence and a holistic approach.

Whereas the phrase All My Relations expresses an Indigenous understanding that all life forms of Creation are interconnected and interdependent; Whereas science, empathy and justice require everyone to respect the biological and ecological characteristics and needs of animals.

The bill would amend the Criminal Code and the Wild Animal Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act, banning future captivity of bears, apes, lions and other animals.

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More than 800 species would be protected.

Creatures with a sense of consciousness would no longer be treated as property under the legislation, and the domestic trade of ivory and animal trophies would be banned.

One or more provincial animal advocates would be appointed by the governor-in-council and have the authority to apply for court orders and give the animals an independent voice in court.

It makes my heart soar, said Shroff, author of Canadian Animal Law and a professor at UBC Allard School of Law and Capilano University.

We would see an end to keeping animals as hapless entertainers, exhibits for human amusement. By helping to end the commercial trade in wild animals and understanding the global trafficking of animals in context, Canada would be doing its part to help curb animal cruelty, stop future global pandemics from taking root. This all-encompassing legislation, if passed, would restrict the ownership of hundreds of wild animals from elephants to reptiles, and bring a halt to horrendous roadside zoos.

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Jason Gratl, former president of the B.C. Civil Liberties Association and a veteran lawyer, isnt so sure criminal code amendments and such sweeping legislation is the answer. Better enforcement of existing laws may be enough.

In my view, the use of penal powers is unnecessary and excessive to achieve the objective of attitudinal change, he explained.Just as discriminatory attitudes are changed by human rights tribunals without the threat of penal sanction animal cruelty and other excesses are better addressed through meaningful regulatory structures. No-one welcomes bedbugs into their mattress or weeps when weeding the garden. Only a monster would rescue a cat from a burning building before rescuing an infant. Most questions of balance between human and animal interests are so obvious that they are not up for discussion.

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For more subtle balancing questions like finding the balance between corporate profits and animal crowding, he added, There are no easy answers.

More news, fewer ads: Our in-depth journalism is possible thanks to the support of our subscribers. For just $3.50 per week, you can get unlimited, ad-lite access to The Vancouver Sun, The Province, National Post and 13 other Canadian news sites. Support us by subscribing today: The Vancouver Sun | The Province.

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Ian Mulgrew: Are you ready to be sued by your pet? - Vancouver Sun

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 17th, 2022

Used furniture is highly sought after in Toronto. After all,living in Toronto is expensive.In fact, it's well documented that it's one of the most expensive places on the planet anyone could possibly live.

As a result, saving money is always top of mind, and so there's now a website calledGarage Online Sale to help people buy and sell used furniture.

While nearly everyone has a horror story about someone they know who carried home a curbside couch that was invested with bedbugs, this new startup is looking to make owning used furniture as safe and exciting as buying new.

The company was created as a means ofencouraging Canadians to reuse and resell their furniture locally, making more sustainable choices when furnishing their home.

TheToronto-based, female-owned business first launched in 2021 and is trying to establishitself as a go-to spot for buying furniture.

To do that, it needs more inventory. Currently, there's only 22 items for sale on the site and they're a mixed bunch. There's a Peloton bike package for $1,200, a white desk for $150 and a set of dining chairs for $600.

None of the items scream "deal" and both the prices and selection are somewhat underwhelming when compared to local optionslike Guff, orHabitat ReStores.

Nevertheless, The Garage Online Sale team has been trying their best. Theyofferhelpful tips for furnishing homes and plan to expand their list of services.

"This summer, we're launching location-based shopping where users can browse by location and find furniture sales in their neighbourhood," founder Aleksandra Phelan told blogTO.

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There's a new way for people to buy and sell used furniture in Toronto - blogTO

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 14th, 2022

As temperature increases, it is common to notice insect activity increase also. Because insects depend on environmental temperature to modulate their activities, warmer temperatures often prompt the development and multiplication of insect pests. Recently, several cases of home infestation by bed bugs have been reported to the Hopkins County Extension Office. According to the center for disease control (CDC), bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, flat, parasitic insects that feed solely on the blood of people and animals while they sleep. Bed bugs are reddish-brown in color, wingless, range from 1mm to 7mm (roughly the size of Lincolns head on a penny), and can live several months without a blood meal.

Bed bugs are found across the globe from North and South America, to Africa, Asia and Europe. Although the presence of bed bugs has traditionally been seen as a problem in developing countries, it has recently been spreading rapidly in parts of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and other parts of Europe. Bed bugs have been found in five-star hotels and resorts and their presence is not determined by the cleanliness of the living conditions where they are found.

Bed bug infestations usually occur around or near the areas where people sleep. These areas include apartments, shelters, rooming houses, hotels, cruise ships, buses, trains, and dorm rooms. They hide during the day in places such as seams of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, headboards, dresser tables, inside cracks or crevices, behind wallpaper, or any other clutter or objects around a bed. Bed bugs have been shown to be able to travel over 100 feet in a night but tend to live within 8 feet of where people sleep.

A bed bug bite affects each person differently. Bite responses can range from an absence of any physical signs of the bite, to a small bite mark, to a serious allergic reaction. Bed bugs are not considered to be dangerous; however, an allergic reaction to several bites may need medical attention.

One of the easiest ways to identify a bed bug infestation is by the tell-tale bite marks on the face, neck, arms, hands, or any other body parts while sleeping. However, these bite marks may take as long as 14 days to develop in some people so it is important to look for other clues when determining if bed bugs have infested an area. These signs include:

Bedbug bites via Cleveland Clinic

It is hard to tell if youve been bitten by a bed bug unless you find bed bugs or signs of infestation. When bed bugs bite, they inject an anesthetic and an anticoagulant that prevents a person from realizing they are being bitten. Most people do not realize they have been bitten until bite marks appear anywhere from one to several days after the initial bite. The bite marks are similar to that of a mosquito or a flea a slightly swollen and red area that may itch and be irritating. The bite marks may be random or appear in a straight line. Other symptoms of bed bug bites include insomnia, anxiety, and skin problems that arise from profuse scratching of the bites.

Because bed bug bites affect everyone differently, some people may have no reaction and will not develop bite marks or any other visible signs of being bitten. Other people may be allergic to the bed bugs and can react adversely to the bites. These allergic symptoms can include enlarged bite marks, painful swellings at the bite site, and, on rare occasions, anaphylaxis.

Bed bugs are experts at hiding. Their slim flat bodies allow them to fit into the smallest of spaces and stay there for long periods of time, even without a blood meal. Bed bugs are usually transported from place to place as people travel. The bed bugs travel in the seams and folds of luggage, overnight bags, folded clothes, bedding, furniture, and anywhere else where they can hide. Most people do not realize they are transporting stow-away bed bugs as they travel from location to location, infecting areas as they travel.

Everyone is at risk for getting bed bugs when visiting an infected area. However, anyone who travels frequently and shares living and sleeping quarters where other people have previously slept has a higher risk of being bitten and or spreading a bed bug infestation.

Bed bug bites usually do not pose a serious medical threat. The best way to treat a bite is to avoid scratching the area and apply antiseptic creams or lotions and take an antihistamine. Bed bug infestations are commonly treated by insecticide spraying. If you suspect that you have an infestation, contact your landlord or professional pest control company that is experienced with treating bed bugs. The best way to prevent bed bugs is regular inspection for the signs of an infestation. For more information on this or any other agricultural topic please contact the Hopkins County Extension Office at 903-885-3443 or email

Contributed by Mario Villarino

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Bed bugs reported in Hopkins and what to do by Mario Villarino -

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 10th, 2022

Bed bugs and scabies can both spell trouble for you and your family. While bed bugs bite and can produce an uncomfortable rash, scabies is a skin condition caused by small mites that burrow under the skin. Both bed bug bites and scabies cause itching and discomfort that, while not life-threatening, can be unpleasant.

If you suspect you've either been bitten by a bed bug or may have scabies as a result of mites, it's important that you quickly figure out which has invaded your home so the issue can be resolved by a professional pest control specialist. The type of treatment a specialist recommends will depend on which bug has infested your home. (It's also important to visit a medical professional to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment for any symptoms as a result of a bite.)

Here's what you should know to help you identify the difference between bed bug and scabies.

Bed bugs are small insects that feed on mammal blood. That means they can bite dogs, cats, humans and any other mammals living in your home. They typically enter your house by piggybacking on your luggage or traveling in used furniture, clothing and various soft items.

Although they can nest anywhere in your house, bed bugs typically take up residence along the seams of mattresses, inside walls and in furniture. As long as the space is dry and dark, they're happy to build a home there.

These bugs are small about the size of an apple seed and range in color from light brown to reddish-brown.

Bed bugs are insects, but scabies are actually arachnids. And while they feed on human blood, they don't do it by crawling around and biting the surface of your skin. Instead, they burrow into the outer layer of skin where they then lay and hatch their eggs.

Unlike bed bugs, scabies mites are invisible to the naked eye. They're microscopic parasites that you won't see even if they're crawling around on the surface of your skin. And since they're not insects in the traditional sense, you're going to need more than just pest control specialists to help treat them. Rather, you'll need to consult with your doctor or dermatologist to find the right treatment method.

Since scabies and bed bugs are different pests entirely, it makes sense that infestations of each are triggered by different factors. By understanding the difference between scabies and bed bug infestations, you'll be better prepared to handle or prevent infestations.

Contrary to what many believe, bed bug infestations aren't caused by a lack of hygiene or a lack of cleanliness around the home. Bed bugs are actually opportunistic and nomadic insects. They hitch rides on luggage when you stay in hotel rooms, come in on used furniture that you buy from local shops, online swap shops and classified ads, or travel in from close contact with infested areas in common areas like those found in dorms, buses, taxis and even cruise ships.

Anywhere that bed bugs are currently nesting is a place where you could pick them up, regardless of how clean you may keep your home.

Scabies infestations are a bit harder to predict and prevent than bed bug infestations. Scabies are most commonly spread by skin-to-skin contact with an infected person who has been bitten by a burrowing mite. But sometimes, scabies can be contracted by sharing clothing or bedding with an infected person. That's why it most commonly happens among people spending time in the same household, childcare or school groups.

While scabies are typically only spread via prolonged skin-to-skin contact, a more severe form called crusted scabies or Norwegian scabies is highly contagious.

Both bed bugs and scabies feed on your blood, but they do it in different ways. One feeds from the outside of your body and the other feeds from inside your body. Bed bugs use their specially developed mouth to suck your blood and then scurry off to their hiding spots, making them hard to detect unless you know what to look for. Scabies, on the other hand, burrow underneath your skin to feed and lay eggs.

Although their bites are both itchy, these pests have some additional, fairly notable differences you may need to watch out for.

Bed bugs are fairly easy to spot and identify if you know what they look like and what to expect from their bites. The most noticeable differences come from the types of bites and marks they leave behind.

These are a few of the common characteristics to watch for:

If you notice any of these signs, you may have a bed bug infestation in your home. Keep in mind that the infestation may be consolidated to a single room. Only a pest control specialist will be able to determine how severe the infestation is and identify the proper treatment protocol to address the infestation.

Because scabies are microscopic mites, spotting them with your naked eye isn't something you'll be able to do. Instead, you'll need to look for the common signs of a scabies infection on your skin. These include:

If you notice any of these symptoms, it's best to contact your doctor or dermatologist as soon as you can. The sooner you do, the sooner they can start treating the infection and relieve your symptoms.

At first glance, bed bug bites and scabies bite rashes can appear similar. But they're incredibly different when you start looking at the bites more closely. While the following images and information are designed to help you more easily identify a bed bug bite or a scabies bite, it's important to visit a medical professional to more accurately diagnose and treat a bite or rash in case it may be something more severe.

Bed bug bites are raised, flat red welts, sometimes appearing three in a row. For some people, the bites can resemble mosquito bites, but others who are more sensitive to the bites may experience swelling at the site as well.

Without bed bug treatment, new bites will continue to appear (but generally not worsen in appearance unless infection is present) as the infestation in your home grows. Bed bugs bite skin that is exposed during sleep, especially where the sheet or mattress meets the body. Bites typically occur around the shoulders, arms, legs, back and face.

Scabies don't bite you to eat you. Instead, they do it to burrow into your skin to lay eggs. These burrows appear as raised lines, either grey-ish white or skin colored. They eventually turn into red, inflamed bumps called papules and can fester if left untreated.

Scabies prefer to dig into warm, moist folds of skin and typically burrow between the fingers and toes, in armpits, under nail beds and around the waist and other sensitive areas. First-time scabies victims develop a rash and itching two to six weeks after exposure. If you've had scabies before, it typically only takes between one and four days for these same symptoms to occur.

Scabies typically cause a more intense itching, especially at night. This often leads to open sores and infections, though this can happen with bites from either bed bugs or scabies.

While scabies don't bite, but rather burrow, both bed bug bites and scabies cause the skin to become incredibly itchy. However, their symptoms are less similar than you might think.

Bed bug bites tend to occur in clusters, particularly around the knees, elbows and neck. But bed bugs can and will bite you anywhere if they get the opportunity.

You won't actually feel the bite itself. Instead, you'll feel discomfort after the bugs have already fed. For most people, this results in feelings of intense itchiness, similar to bad mosquito bites. In others, it can result in a slight burning sensation. If the bites become infected, often due to intense and repeated scratching, the site can become swollen, sore or bloody.

As noted before, scabies don't bite to eat our blood. Instead, scabies burrow into the skin to lay eggs. However, what you may assume to be scabies bites" tend to appear more rash-like and can happen anywhere on your body. Most people initially notice small, raised bumps, but as the infection progresses, the rash can develop a scaly, red, and swollen appearance.

The infection site is often very itchy, with symptoms becoming more severe at night.

If you suspect either bed bugs or scabies, it's normal to feel overwhelmed and concerned about the safety of your home and your family's well-being. And the more you research both bed bugs and scabies, the more questions you'll likely have.

Here are the answers to a few of the most common questions people ask so you can better prepare and educate yourself before seeking help for your infestation.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, scabies infestations are passed through direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected individual or through prolonged exposure to clothing or bedding an infected person has used. So, while scabies mites could, in theory, live in a mattress, it's highly unlikely that you'd develop an infection just from the mattress alone. Instead, scabies mites prefer to live on skin where they have access to the nutrients they need to survive and can burrow into your skin to lay their eggs. These mites will not survive more than two or three days away from human skin.

If you're worried about catching scabies in bed, the best thing you can do is thoroughly wash and dry your bed linens. This should kill the mites.

Thankfully, bed bugs are not able to burrow under human skin to lay their eggs. Instead, they lay eggs in dark, dry areas like the seams along your mattress and inside pieces of furniture. Remember, bed bugs bite you on your skin. They don't burrow into it like scabies mites do.

Unfortunately, it is possible to have both bed bugs and scabies at the same time. As previously discussed, both insects feed on your blood, but they do so in different ways. Bed bugs bite you on the outside of your body and scabies burrow beneath your skin to feed. This means they're not in direct competition with each other and can (unfortunately) thrive at the same time.

Bed bugs do not cause scabies. In fact, bed bugs are not known to be vectors of disease pathogens or encourage other infestations in your home.

While bed bugs are not contagious, these pests can easily migrate from person to person, and from place to place. Bed bugs can hitch rides on clothing, luggage, and furniture and then infest your home and move from one home or room to another. Scabies, on the other hand, require prolonged skin-to-skin contact with an infected person in order to be contagious. However, as mentioned previously, crusted or Norwegian scabies are highly contagious.

Bed bug infestations can last for years if left untreated since they breed and grow rapidly. However, adult bed bugs can live on their own for about 10 months. During that time, they can breed and the infestation can spread throughout your house.

Scabies mites can live for as long as two months on a human. And while it's possible for an infection to last longer than that, most people find the symptoms too uncomfortable to tolerate for more than a few weeks without seeking medical help.

Both bed bug infestations and scabies infections require professional help. But the treatment methods differ.

To get rid of a bed bug infestation, you'll need to consult with an experienced pest control specialist. Remember, bed bugs are true insects and, since they infest your house rather than your body, only an experienced pest control professional can help you eliminate them.

The type of treatment they'll use largely depends on the extent of the infestation and your home's unique needs. If you suspect a bed bug infestation, contact your pest control professional as soon as possible to schedule a consultation. They'll be able to check your home for bed bugs and develop a treatment plan so you and your family can get back to enjoying your home.

Although some people may think scabies mites are insects, they are not and not a creature that a pest control specialist can treat. You'll need to schedule an appointment with your doctor or dermatologist to treat the bites and the pest quickly. Depending on the severity of your infection, you may need prescription medications and antibiotics to help you get rid of the mites once and for all.

Once you do, it's a good idea to thoroughly clean any potentially infected items:

Although Terminix can't help you get rid of scabies (you'll need a doctor for that), our experienced pest control specialists can help you deal with a bed bug infestation in your home. Contact us as soon as you discover the first warning signs of a bed bug problem on your property and schedule a consultation. Our team will inspect your home, identify the bed bug hotspots and create a plan to help deal with the infestation.

The rest is here:
Bed Bugs vs Scabies: The Difference Between Them | Terminix

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 10th, 2022

One of Canadaslargest pest control providers has released a new list that no city should be happy to land on.

Orkin Canada has released its listing of the 25 most afflicted bed bug cities in Canada, with Edmonton landing at number 10.

For those not in the know according to the company, bed bugs are dedicated blood-feeding insects that can travel up to 100-feet in search of a meal. In the case of the most common bed bug, the blood they feed on is human blood, and dinner time is between midnight and 5 am.

To be clear, Orkin Canadas data is derived exclusively from the number of commercial and residential properties that have received bed bug treatment directly from Orkin between January 1 and December 31, 2021.

Orkin Canada

Thebed bug registry allows people to search for houses, hotels, and apartments that may or may not have had a reported case of bed bugs. It has information available for most major Canadian cities including Toronto and Metro Vancouver.

This year, Orkin reports thats travel bans, stay-at-home orders, and a shift to remote working has resulted in fewer bugs hitchhiking their way into homes. As a result, bed bug sightings have not yet rebounded to pre-pandemic levels. Dont celebrate yet, though, all it can take is an airplane seat, hotel bed or even an office chair for these pesky bed bugs to invade your space, the company says.

Compared to last years rankings, the City of Edmonton was a spot higher at number nine. Hey, at least we didnt go up in the rankings.

Vancouver went up to third place (from fourth), St Johns rose to fourth (from sixth), and Winnipeg dropped substantially to ninth place (from fifth).

As Canadians return to travel Orkin suggests these helpful tips for eager vacationers:

Due to their ability to double in population about every 16 days, it will not be difficult for bed bugs to regain their grip on Canadians. shares Orkin.

With files from Daily Hives Kamille Coppin

See the rest here:
Edmonton named one of the worst cities in Canada for bed bugs

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 8th, 2022

How much does Orkin charge for its extermination services? Is Orkin insulation worth it?

Should you hire this pest control service?

In this guide, we will look at the average pest control prices, including factors that influence what the company charges you for its service.

We will also discuss why people go with Orkin for their pest control needs.

Renowned for providing comprehensive and satisfactory pest extermination services to households and corporate clients, Orkin has become a trusted name in the pest control industry with its exceptional services making it a major player in the industry.

How much does Orkin charge? Lets find out the standard rates.

Theres ample information regarding Orkin services online.

These include detailed reviews from clients who have used their services. As a result, youll find more clients satisfied with their services than those who arent.

On the other hand, clients are offered a guarantee. This means that in the event of a disappointment or a pest problem that persists, it will provide repeat treatment at no added charge.

Orkin is a formidable company with an international presence. However, its about an important aspect of their operations that we seek to learn more about; pricing and payment plans.

But why is this important?

This is because pricing plays a huge role in the demand and supply of vermin removal services.

Hence for the reader whos interested in the average quotes for comparison purposes, we are confident that you have come to the right place.

Join us as we go through the financial implications for hiring an Orkin man;

Orkin is an industry leader when it comes to the provision of pest control services. This company has a presence in about 46 states within the U.S with over a century (about 119 years) since it was founded.

This reflects a huge experience in the pest control services sector.

Are you wondering what states have no Orkin presence? Wonder no more. The company is absent in the states of Wyoming, Alaska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

Orkin is also an international pest control brand with a presence in about 83 countries and counting. It also has a presence in 5 out of the 7 continents of the world.

Orkin Canada is the largest pest solution service in Canada.

Most times, clients seek answers to questions such as Should I go with Orkin?

Well, the answer(s) to this question depends on several aspects of its services compared to others. As regards the pricing of its services, affordable and comprehensive plans are offered to clients.

These consist of a wide range of services having different pricing plans.

In summary, Orkin man prices fall within industry standards. Details of such services will become clearer as you read through.

An advantage of having an Orkin man re-visit your home or business is that you will be incurring a significantly lower rate compared to the first visit.

When inspecting your home or business to check the level of infestation, you incur zero cost as the service is free.

Depending on the type of service required, Orkin has different plans which it charges its clients, as there is no fixed rate.

Some services come with higher charges due to the treatment required and based on how tough it is to eliminate a particular pest among several other factors. These are adequately captured in their pricing model.

For a new client, a first visit sprays the price ranges from $170 to $180.

This treatment covers insects such as ticks, roaches, and ants among several others.

Is Orkin expensive? well, it depends.

This is yet another common question asked by potential clients.

However, there isnt a single answer to it. This is because the company offers solutions for a variety of pests. These all fall under various plans.

Although this is the case, prices for all types of pest services range from $70 to $1,500 or more depending on the severity, size, and type of pest involved.

So how much is Orkin pest control?

Orkin rates will differ depending on the type of pest problem you have at hand. Therefore, it isnt fixed for all services but fixed for particular pest issues.

However, for the latter, the size will come into play as the cost is determined per square foot. Hence the bigger the size or area infested, the more square foot covered, which translates to a higher rate.

In addition to that, the severity of infestation can impact the cost.

In other words, the less severe the problem, the lesser the charges, and vice versa. Therefore cost estimates for service will depend on the above factors.

This section will discuss some of the most common services provided by Orkin as it relates to prices.

This makes it much clearer as we zoom our lenses on specific services as seen below;

Looking for Orkin prices for termites? Here is an estimate.

Out of most pest categories, termites are among the most dreaded and destructive. These are even more dangerous because their activities are hard to detect.

As such, severe havoc is caused by the time the problem is spotted. They pose danger to structures especially wooden as well as any source of cellulose. Orkin is equal to the task as it provides a comprehensive termite control countermeasure.

Orkin termite cost could be anything from $800 to $3,000 especially when subterranean termites are involved.

A bed bug problem is unbearable and immediate treatment is necessary. Orkin will offer you treatment options to select from.

Hence the cost you incur will depend on factors such as the size of the infested area, whether its a commercial property (such as a hotel etc) or a private one.

This still boils down to size as private properties are generally smaller.

Its bed bug control includes a guarantee and covers a period determined by the plan you choose.

As such, a standard bed bug service is within $1,000 to $3,200.

Fleas like bed bugs feed on blood and will make your life unbearable. If you need the services of Orkin to reclaim your home, it first does an on-the-spot assessment of the problem.

This inspection is thorough and will lead to the application of the best extermination measure.

Their flea solutions are also determined by the plans available. Whichever option you prefer, the price range for a one-time spray will fluctuate within the $300 to $370 bracket.

Coverage area includes full interior, limited exterior as well as tips on preventing a re-infestation.

How much does Orkin cost for ants? Like most pests, multiple varieties of ants come with different quotes.

Control rates for ants also follow this pattern.

Therefore you should expect a fee with a low of $150 and a high of $1,400.

Of course, prices for ants are also determined by the size of the infested area, the species, severity of infestation among other things.

Roaches are also included in Orkins long list of pests.

Hence no matter the extent of the problem, this pest management company is always ready to provide professional assistance.

So how much does Orkin cost for roaches?

A single roach job is between $100 to $400. Its inspection is mostly free.

However, a large or commercial property may attract an inspection fee from $40 to $75.

A lot of factors impact Orkins cost for roaches.

If youre faced with a rodent problem, no matter how severe, Orkin is ever ready to put an end to it.

But this comes at a rate, though not beyond your reach.

How much does Orkin cost for mice and other rodent species?

Orkin typically charges clients fees ranging from $100 to $700. This isnt so much because rats, mice, and other rodent species are very difficult pests to deal with.

For instance, Orkin squirrel removal cost ranges from $250 $550.

In most situations, people who decide to get the job done themselves later get overwhelmed. Despite such, the problem will likely persist.

For this fee, Orkin takes total control of the situation.

While the company offers free pest inspection services for most pests, the same also applies to termites.

This is especially true for subterranean termites because they are the most destructive yet difficult to detect until substantial havoc has been caused.

A thorough termite inspection is carried out by Orkin and involves a whole lot of procedures.

However, no inspection costs are required by it.

This is a huge deal considering the destructive yet hidden nature of termite activity.

Does Orkin do payment plans? Yes.

This information can be used in choosing the ideal plan for your home or business. Pricing as discussed above includes multiple plans. These are designed to make options available for everyone.

Also, a particular pricing plan will determine to what extent its services are offered.

This also covers the duration of time.

Based on this information, we cannot adequately discuss Orkin pest control pricing without considering the following;

Under Orkins pricing structure, financial implications are determined by the type of pest services needed. In other words, theres no particular rate for all pest issues.

Instead, the type of service provided will determine the cost.

In addition to this, size, distance, severity, and type of treatment determined its pricing.

Therefore to know how much you will be charged for a pest removal service, you only need to reach out. After an on-site inspection, you are given a quote.

Whenever a payment is being discussed, the focus is usually set on convenience. Clients need to find out if they can conveniently pay for services.

Thankfully, Orkin provides clients with an easy payment method. Its AutoPay plan saves time and allows you to pay for services using your bank check card or credit card.

All you need to do to start using this method is to simply sign up.

You can choose one of three easy ways to sign-up for Orkins AutoPay. The first is by calling its toll-free line on 877-291-3707. Here, you are carefully guided through the signup process.

The second method is by finding out your local Orkin branch.

An added option is by calling the local branch and providing your bank card information over the phone.

The third is by filling out its online form. This form has been provided for this specific purpose. After filling and submitting the form, a representative will contact you immediately for further assistance.

As stated earlier, this service provides multiple plans to clients whose pest needs may differ. Your pest issue, as well as the scope and severity, will determine the service cost.

Your location will also influence the cost.

So how much is Orkin a month? Ill say thisdepends on an inspection of the pest problem.

Quarterly plans are long-term and provide comprehensive protection from major pest issues. It involves scheduled inspection and treatment as well as preventive maintenance.

Orkins quarterly service cost ranges between $200 to $400.

Like its quarterly plans, annual plans cover inspection, preventive maintenance as well as treatment of any pest issues that may arise. The rate for the yearly plan falls within the $400 to $600 range.

However, this is different when theres a case of an infestation and will cost you between $500 to $2,000.

Being a formidable brand in the pest control industry, Orkin has built a reputation over the years by providing reliable services to clients covering a diverse pest population, as well as providing reasonable pricing for its services.

Through the development of its AIM system which stands for Assess, Implement, and Monitor, cases of pest infestation are professionally handled through well-trained professionals who assess the level of damage as well as the causes, implement effective treatment/extermination strategies, as well as monitor to ensure pests are effectively exterminated and do not return.

The rest is here:
Orkin Pest Control Prices, Treatment Plan, And Payment

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 25th, 2022

WASHINGTON Scientists have figured out why vampire bats are the only mammals that can survive on a diet of just blood.

They compared the genome of common vampire bats to 26 other bat species and identified 13 genes that are missing or no longer work in vampire bats. Over the years, those gene tweaks helped them adapt to a blood diet rich in iron and protein but with minimal fats or carbohydrates, the researchers reported Friday in the journal Science Advances.

The bats live in South and Central America and are basically living Draculas, said co-author Michael Hiller of Germanys Max Planck Institute. About 3 inches (8 centimetres) long with a wingspan of 7 inches (18 centimetres), the bats bite and than lap up blood from livestock or other animals at night.

Most mammals couldnt survive on a low-calorie liquid diet of blood. Only three vampire species of the 1,400 kinds of bats can do that the others eat mostly insects, fruit, nectar, pollen or meat, such as small frogs and fish.

Blood is a terrible food source, said Hannah Kim Frank, a bat researcher at Tulane University, who was not involved in the study. Its totally bizarre and amazing that vampire bats can survive on blood they are really weird, even among bats.

Some other creatures also have a taste for blood, including mosquitoes, bedbugs, leeches and fleas.

The latest work expands upon research by another team that pinpointed three of the 13 gene losses.

The new paper shows how different vampire bats are from even other closely related bats, which eat nectar and fruit, said Kate Langwig, a bat researcher at Virginia Tech, who had no role in the study.

With such a low-calorie diet, vampire bats cant go long without a meal. In a pinch, well-fed ones will regurgitate their food to share with a starving neighbor. They seem to keep track of who has helped them in the past, said Hiller, noting that vampire bats have complex social relationships.

Its not a kin thing, said Tulanes Frank. They just notice and remember: Youre a good sharer, I will reward you.

The Associated Press Health and Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institutes Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

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