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Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on April 9th, 2021

Ever wonder what prisoners tend to check out of their libraries?

by: Len Rome

(WYTV) Do you like your local library?

Thank philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. The very wealthy industrialist from the late 19th century donated $55 million thats one-and-a-half billion in todays money to start 2,500 libraries across the world 1,600 of them in America.

The worlds biggest library is the Library of Congress, which has 168 million items.

It pays to reproduce popular magazines in Braille, including Playboy.

The McAllen Public Library in McAllen, Texas is housed in a converted Walmart and may be the largest single-story library in the country it has its own auditorium.

The Haskell Library and Opera House sits directly on the border between the United States and Canada. You can walk in from Stanstead, Quebec and walk out into Derby Line, Vermont.

What do inmates check out of their prison libraries? Lots of paranormal romance novels, young adult titles and the Left Behind series.

Library books can get dirty everything from traces of cocaine, to the herpes virus to bed bugs have appeared on the pages.

At Marshs Library in Dublin, Ireland, visitors who wanted to read rare books in the 1800s were locked in cages until they were done reading.

A Yale University library once allowed stressed out students to borrow a therapy dog.

The highest fine ever paid for an overdue library book was $345.14 for the book Days and Deeds. A library patron checked it out in 1955 from the Kewanee Public Library in Illinois. In 2002, Emily Simms found a book of poetry her mother had taken from the Kewanee Public Library in Illinois in 1955 and apparently forgot all about it. Emily paid the overdue fine.

The Guinness World record for the most overdue library book is held by Robert Walpole, of England. Bob borrowed a book from the Sidney Sussex College in 1668. His descendants returned it in 1956 288 years later. There was no fine the library said it was just happy to get it back.

Original post:
Former Walmart is the largest single-story library in America, and other weird library facts - WYTV

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 26th, 2021

SEATTLE Here's a pigeon theory: Beneath all that cooing and head-bobbing and snack-hoovering lie piles of seething rage.

Those of you who fail to spend much time in deep pigeon thought and this is basically everybody sit down here on the park bench, and consider: If the ubiquitous birds often defamed as the "flapping rats of the skies" were able to speak and perhaps appear at a large-scale, communal pigeon event, such as an avian political convention the acceptance speech would be fairly predictable.

"Each and every one of us," the demagogic pigeon would intone, furrowing its feathery brow and waving a single wing awash with peanut-butter smears, Slurpee stains and popcorn husks in a sweeping motion at the brood amassed beneath a bridge or roofline, "has been treated terribly unfairly!"

"And we're not going to take it anymore."

A mass airing of pigeon grievances surely would commence, followed by calls for vengeful actions against mankind, including, but not limited to, strategic bombing runs at local weddings, picnics and newly established, pandemic-era outdoor dining areas.

The cooing would be cacophonous and clattering, and the uncontrollable herky-jerky bobbing of heads would make goose-stepping look quaint.

As frightening as all that might be and, let's face it, there are a lot of these things out there, and they do know where you live an honest person would say it's tough to quibble with the pigeon's point.

Among the masses of fauna, the pigeon occupies a rung on the human scale of fuzzy affection somewhere between a common garden slug and the lesser polliwog.

Not only are pigeons rarely respected, but they're also often considered like talk-radio hosts, bedbugs and congressional lobbyists loathsome pests.

If you doubt this, go ahead and Google "pigeon expert," and note the percentage of listings on the first couple of pages linking to services that will get rid of the birds.

This is something you're just not going to see for, say, cockatiels, Labrador retriever puppies, baby giraffes or even a tufted titmouse.

Be honest: The most common reaction to the "pigeon sound" feature on bird websites is a fervent plea to JUST MAKE IT STOP!

You will never see a chief of state appear at a podium bearing the great seal of a rock pigeon clutching a scroll of universal truths in its right foot, and a Hostess Ho Ho wrapper in the other.

Likewise, good luck booking an exclusive two-week safari to drink up the once-in-a-lifetime experience of seeing the majestic rock pigeon, Columba livia (the real name for the common "street pigeon"), in its native habitat. (The fact that said habitat is often the cracked-vinyl awning of an out-of-biz bowling alley in Spokane might have something to do with this, but the bird itself is simply not a big draw.)

We could go on. Unlike the eagle (see: John Denver and others) or even the relatively lowly gull (if you're up to it, see: Neil Diamond), people don't generally write songs about pigeons.

(Possibly jarring personal note: I say "generally," because one recent day, humming along to a catchy early Elton John/Bernie Taupin tune, the author's wife stopped what she was doing, looked at him and said: "You know that song's about a pigeon, right?" Deep contempt. And to this day, "Skyline Pigeon" has never been quite as enjoyable, sad to say.)

None of which is to say they should be outlawed or, like the pit bull, even highly frowned upon in tonier jurisdictions. Especially when they are appreciated for their unique traits and a particular genius at adapting by learning to live with, and off of, humans.

So let us dust off a few actual pigeon facts.

The "chunky," usually gray rock pigeon has pointed wings, a black bill with white base, red eyes and eye rings, and feet the color of a well-roasted slab of sockeye.

They are extremely fast flyers the source of their one bit of fame, performing as racing or homing pigeons, discussed below and, being community-minded, they like to hang in flocks.

Not helping their image or their comparison to rats is the plucky pigeon's procreation propensity: In a reusable nest built with supplies from the male and design/assembly by the female, a pigeon couple can produce a half-dozen broods per year.

Eggs, laid by the two, are incubated for 16 to 19 days and fed by "pigeon milk," a protein-rich fluid produced in both parents' crops which we imagine has something of an Orville Redenbacher's aftertaste. Youngsters fledge at about four weeks and go off in search of their own adventures, or just discarded hot dog buns.

Numbers being key to survival, eggs for the next brood often are laid while the current one is still occupying the children's table in the pidgy kitchen.

The birds, which are true locals in the sense they don't migrate, came here from Europe (thanks, Pilgrims!) in the 17th century and spread like ... well, pigeons, across the continent.

While its urban presence is often seen as annoying, the pigeon is not an invasive species in the sense that it's bogarting valued real estate or food sources prized by other bird species: Its home turf, in natural cliff bands and human-built roof eaves, bridges and other structures, is fairly low-rent.

And, in a macabre twist, the pigeon actually has been beneficial to other birds such as raptors, sadly serving as a food source for hunters such as the Peregrine falcon, whose comeback has been credited partially to the successful spread of urban pigeons.

They live well around lots of people because, like us, they appreciate a handout: The urban or "common" rock pigeon has grown dependent on humans for food. The pigeon is known for its cast-iron stomach, to some degree its food choices are eclectic. In the wild, the birds eat more seeds and grain than Cheez-Its and popcorn.

Yes, we said "wild": These birds are not all just bebopping around Pioneer Square in that classic buddy-can-ya-spare-a-touch-of-that-baguette swagger the pigeon has become known for.

Like they used to, pigeons still thrive in the unpeopled fringes of the Northwest. Bands of what urban-dwelling cousins might consider prepper pigeons live, breed and fly among rock cliffs in places such as the Channeled Scablands of Central Washington. (Good places to look include all the basalt cliffs on the dry side of the state, especially conservation areas such as the beautiful Columbia National Wildlife Refuge between Othello and Moses Lake.)

Whether city or country birds, pigeons live as long as 15 years if well-housed and fed which most of them aren't, leading to a more realistic lifespan of a few years in the "wild," says Dennis Paulson, a bird expert at the University of Puget Sound's Slater Museum of Natural History.

Their success is not secret: Unlike the vast majority of other bird species, they have learned to not only coexist with, but also thrive among, the planet's primary invasive animal species, the ubiquitous human being, Paulson notes.

Adaptability is a key driver in evolution, and here, the lowly pigeon excels.

Within the pigeon family are several well-known and less-dissed "cousins," of a sort, the most popular of which have become distinctive purely through selective breeding. Among these is the "homing" or "racing" pigeon, bred to emphasize the bird's remarkable skills as swift-flying, uncanny long-distance navigators.

Racing pigeons, souped-up with special feed and training, are driven to a location 60 to 600 miles away from their home region and released, with flights back to their home roost recorded via timers and bands (old-school, using a specialized mechanical pigeon racing clock), or more modern radio-frequency ID devices and GPS tags.

The sport of pigeon racing, known for a single start gate and 1,000 finish lines, grew from the use of pigeons as message carriers during World War II. (The British trained them to deliver paper messages in leg tubes; the Nazis, of course, trained falcons to take them down.)

Because you asked: Yes, of course; performance-enhancing drugs have been documented in racing pigeons, and winners in major competitions are now dope-tested. (It is unknown whether any have been found with gigantic bobbing heads, such as Barry Bonds.)

Since the mid-1800s, pigeon racing has been, and remains, huge in Belgium, but has swept the globe and is particularly popular in China, where a racing pigeon with divine bloodlines sold at auction last year for nearly $2 million.

But the United States and the Puget Sound area are in the game, as well. The earliest bird racers reportedly were immigrants who settled in the Beacon Hill area.

Matt Tinder, an acclaimed pastry chef with a shop in Bremerton, is a newbie member of a racing club in Burien. A self-described busybody, Tinder picked up pigeon ranching a couple of years ago.

"I'm the type of person who has to be doing something to relax," says Tinder, proprietor of Bremerton's Saboteur Bakery.

Some people walk their dogs and groom their cat; Tinder feeds and trains selectively bred pigeons in the birds' backyard "loft," although he doesn't breed them himself.

Pigeon care includes twice-daily feedings/check-ins and, for racing birds, training. In a nutshell, this means taking them from the loft and releasing them at increasingly farther distances from home, then watching for their return.

Races for his club are computerized the birds are tracked by GPS. Fastest time from release point to home, adjusted for mileage, is the winner.

"The idea is, they're like any other athlete," Tinder says. Diet and training are key. Although they're the same species, putting a street pigeon into a pigeon race would demonstrate the vast difference in physiology attained by centuries of breeding. It would be like putting most of us on a soccer pitch for a Sounders game, Tinder says.

"We'd last, like, five minutes," he says, highly optimistically.

Tinder's pigeon brood is up to a couple of dozen. Yes; sometimes they go out to train, or race, and don't return, although that's fairly rare.

"They're quite the meal, I guess. The best food in the sky for a falcon or hawk."

On occasion, regular park pigeons will follow his racing birds home. When they get there, they seem confused, and eventually fly off, back to their old stomping grounds.

Like any sport or hobby enthusiast, pigeon racers enjoy socializing, swapping care tips and doing something unusual that holds their interest.

For Tinder, feeding pigeons is an interesting action-reaction activity not unlike dealing with active yeast.

"It's very similar to what I do for a living," he says. "It's like, I do these things with these ingredients, and then it does THAT?"

Pigeons, trained or couch-dwellers, do have their own personalities, which owners notice over time. Owning them and caring for them daily has given him a new appreciation for wild things and the environment we share with them.

"I notice the sky more than I ever did before," he says. "You just all the sudden start looking up all the time."

That common respect, bird experts such as Paulson note, is as good a reason as any to honor the street pigeon, looking past its low-rent image.

Most disdain for the birds is due to their tendency to mass-assemble; stubbornly overcoming obstacles to nesting in places people don't want them; and, of course, marking that territory with what can seem prodigious piles of poop.

Contrary to popular perception, the pigeon is not an unduly prolific defecator certainly not on the order of, say, a pellet-dispensing marvel such as the Canada goose. Pigeons' output often loathed just for its general nastiness and also for spreading some funky fungi is their worst enemy when it comes to human interaction.

The best way to avoid problems with this is to block their entrance to nesting areas where the inevitable pile is likely to be problematic.

The bird actually is a fascinating, quirky, long-term neighbor to humans that can and should be appreciated, if one gets past the mass-flocking complications, Paulson says. (Often, this assembly problem is our own fault; aside from parks and public squares, pigeons congregate in places such as feed yards or railroad depots, where grains or garbage are routinely spilled, opening the doors to a pigeon buffet.)

"Some people really love them," Paulson says, particularly elderly people who religiously feed them in parks and open areas.

Seattle, like most large cities in temperate zones, has a good share of pigeons and their close relations, doves.

One of the pigeon's most distinct characteristics the constant head-bob while walking isn't the product of some evolutionary accident, he says: It's actually an effective defense mechanism. The head-bob, slowed down, demonstrates a pigeon's adjustment between its field of vision and its stride, making the head "catch up" to a moving body to keep a steady gaze while the body moves over obstacles.

It looks goofy but allows the largely ground-dwelling pigeon to scan for sky-bound predators more effectively, Paulson says.

"It's a way of reorienting."

Like many, he appreciates the birds most for their adaptability. When he lectures about birds, Paulson often starts with the grim reality of the ongoing collision between humans and wild animals.

It's a simple line graph: Human numbers going up in one direction, bird numbers down in another. Most local bird species are on the decline, including the vast majority of the Northwest's iconic seabirds. There are a couple of exceptions.

"Gulls are doing fine," Paulson says. "Guess why? They've learned to hang out with people, or at least be comfortable around people. You're not going to get a puffin landing on your picnic table and eating French fries."

Precise pigeon numbers aren't really known, but appear stable.

"I have lived here 52 years now, and there's no evidence in my head that they've gone up or down," Paulson says. Unquestionably, that's a result of the pigeon's dtente with mankind.

"Ivory-billed woodpeckers and passenger pigeons couldn't do that," he notes.

Score one for the lowly pigeon, which serves another important, oft-overlooked role: For some of us, it's really the sole remaining connection to the world of wild creatures.

That's important.

Bottom line: We're here together for the long haul, people and pigeons. Curse them, or embrace the coo and learn to appreciate what they give us, Paulson suggests.

Pigeon appreciation is in the eye of the beholder, but a clear-eyed view might reveal something most of us look past on a daily basis, he thinks. "They're beautiful birds."

(c)2021 The Seattle Times

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We humans have dumped on the poor pigeon for too long. It's high time to admire this fascinating bird - Walla Walla Union-Bulletin

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 24th, 2021

Hamilton is beefing up its property standards bylaw so that landlords are responsible for more health and safety issues of their rental properties.

City council's planning committeetold staff on Tuesday to amend the rules to cover gaps pointed out by tenant groups. Most of thosedeal with cleanliness and repairs.

Veronica Gonzalez, who chairs the Mountain chapter of tenants rights organization Hamilton ACORN, said renters livein substandard conditions across the city, even when those apartments are recently renovated.

Tenants, she said, feel powerless.

"When someone else owns your home, you don't have much control, even if you have your rights to have a healthy home," she said."Repairs that are only bandaged don't go away."

In January 2020, council told city staff toinvestigate apartment bylaws from other cities, and review how Hamilton could improve its own rules.

City staff looked atfive other Ontario municipalities that have a post-secondary institution and are a similar size to Hamilton.While staff said in a report that the current bylaw"for the most part is solid and suitable," it acknowledged several areas where it fell short.

Tenant groups, including Hamilton ACORN, pointed out these gaps, which include:

Pending approval from city council, the city will change the bylaw to include most of those concerns, with theexception ofpest control. The planning committee approved the changes unanimously, with one councillor abstaining.

Ken Leendertse, the city's director of licensing and bylaw services, said while ants are included under property standards, the department is working with public health on a separate bylaw for pests, including mice and bed bugs.

"Good tenants deserve the peace of mind to have healthy and safe environments. And when they want those issues addressed, the tenants deserve not be ignored,"said Coun. Jason Farr (Ward 2), who moved the motion.

Hamilton residents and other ACORN members spoke to the committee about their experiences with apartments in disrepair.

Manuel Balandra described having water-damaged floors, bed bugs, and a broken intercom at his building, which he said means paramedics or police officers knock on his window to try and enter the property.

Kathy Johnson said that the "tenants in [her] building are terrified to speak up."

Dayna Sparkes, east Hamilton chair of the tenants rights group,said it's imperative that the standard close loopholes for "renovictions" when tenants are evicted under the guise of renovations and increased rental prices.

Sparkes said until now, bylaw officers have suggested people go to the Landlord and Tenant Board but there's a cost to file an application, the process is lengthy, and legal representation is costly.

Coun. John-Paul Danko (Ward 8) said landlords often blame tenants for not taking care of their spaces, it's still a for-profit business, and landlords are responsible for maintenance.

"It really is unfortunate that as a municipality we have to take this step. But the fact is that these issues exist in the community, and they seem to be perhaps getting worse in some instances," he said.

"Hopefully this will give some relief to tenants throughout the city."

At a press conference before Tuesday's meeting, Gonzalez said it was important to "face solutions sooner than later" to make a better life for renters.

She stressed that renters are in their home spaces more often during the pandemic, and some are working from home.

There's also a misconception, she said, that renting might be a temporary step to owning a place. Home ownership isn'taffordable for everyone, she said.

In a housing crisis, she said, tenants cannot afford to move.

"It's their home, not just a rental unit," Gonzalez said.

More here:
New rules will keep Hamilton units cleaner and safer for renters, city says -

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 17th, 2021

Fumigation refers to the stoppage for bed bugs infesting your mattresses, books, and other commodities. Fumigation is a non-residual pesticide treatment, which means that it eradicates a current infestation but no pesticide remains to address future infestations.

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Fumigation Bed Market to Witness Astonishing Growth with AlwaysEco, Rentokil Initial, Presto-X, Anticimex Cabell Standard - Cabell Standard

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on March 10th, 2021

For the third year in a row, despite a 20 per cent reduction in sightings since 2019 and lockdown orders put in place to keep people at home, Toronto has once again ranked as the worst city for bed bugs in the entire country.

According to a report from Orkin Canada,the nations'largest pest control company, Toronto took the top spot on the list, while other Ontario jurisdictions includingSudbury, Oshawa, Scarborough, Whitby, and Ottawa also made the top 10.

The ranking was compiled based onthe number of bed bug treatments the company performed from Jan.1, 2020 through Dec.31, 2020, including both residential and commercial treatments.

Fortunately, despite Toronto taking the top spot once again, Orkin said in a news release that overall sightings are down across the country year-over-year thanks to pandemic-related restrictions.

"Travel bans, stay-at-home orders, and a general shift to working remotely have resulted in less opportunities for these hitchhikers to move around, for the first time since Orkin Canada released its annual survey five years ago," reads thenews release.

But the company doesn't expect this trend to continue once orders are lifted.

"Due to their ability to double in population about every 16 days," said Orkin, "it should not be difficult for bed bugs to regain their grip on the Canadian market."

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Toronto ranks as the worst city in Canada for bed bugs in 2020

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 7th, 2021

Bedbugs are very hard to get rid of. If you do have bedbugs, it is strongly recommended that you hire a licensed professional pest control operator.

If you are a tenant and have bedbugs, you should tell your landlord right away. Tenants who have bedbug-related issues should speak with a public health officer for help in dealing with the infestation.

If you live in a multiple-unit dwelling and building management has asked you to prepare your unit for bedbug treatment, this usually includes emptying storage furniture to make it easier to inspect, organizing your belongings and placing them in bags, washing all your clothes and bedding, and moving furniture away from the walls. The pest control operator will usually give you specific instructions to prepare for an inspection or treatment.

Professional pest control operators can use a variety of tools to control bedbugs. These include liquid insecticide sprays, aerosol insecticide sprays, insecticidal dusts, diatomaceous earth, pressurized carbon dioxide snow, and steam and heat treatments.

Whichever treatment is used, it will only be effective if physical control methods and preventative measures are used together.

Visit link:
Bedbugs: how do I get rid of them? -

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 3rd, 2021

The City of Ottawa will keep using the privately-owned Tabor Apartments in Vanier as emergency shelter space, but will put out a call to see if other landlords or hotels might offer units to helpwith a big spike infamilies needing housing.

Since 2015,the city haspaid Ottawa Inn ownerAhmed Syedto use hisbuilding.

Itpays $89 a night per unit for 15 families at Tabor, a sliver of the 370 homeless families now stayingin motels and dorms, often for months or years, under 22 other such agreements.

Some councillors had called on colleagues to end the deal at Tabor later this year and find the families permanent housing amid concerns about pests and a lack of a proper procurement.

During a marathon 11-hour joint meeting Tuesday, the finance and community services committeesvoted 14 to 5 against ending the arrangement.

Withshelter space especially tight during the pandemic, they agreed insteadto Coun. Laura Dudas's move to put out a new request for offers to see if others might also offer temporary accommodation for families.

Ottawa Morning9:03City keeps apartment deal for overflow family shelter in Vanier

City staff explained if thefamilies of seven, eight, or nine people wereto leave Tabor, they could only be relocated to multiple motel rooms with no kitchen. Laws would prevent these families from jumping the long queueforpermanent, subsidizedhomes.

One woman who visits the families every day said they told her to tellcouncillors they would prefer to stay at Tabor rather than wait in a motelfor a large enough unit.

"These families are given an option between bad and bad," said Gwen Madiba, whobefriended many of themwhen delivering food hampers.

Almost all the families at Tabor apartments are Blackand many are single moms. They didn't feel comfortable addressing councillors themselves for fear of losing housingbecause of power imbalancesor that their religions expect them to accept what's given, explained Madiba.

One statement byan 11-year-old girl described her struggle to focus on school in a small apartment with her brothers and mother, hearing rodents in walls,and crying with her mom when they feel forgotten.

"We don't want to move unless you can give us a place where we can stay forever," wrote the girl.

Some families at Tabor told CBC News last week about issues with bed bugs, cockroaches and rats. Owner Syedinsisted he deals with issues quickly when he receives complaints and is only trying to help.

Public health,bylaw and city housing staff had made several inspectionsand all issues were dealt with, agreedgeneral manager Donna Gray.

"We are a social services department. We do not want anyone living in horrible conditionsand our staff go above and beyond to make the lives of these families as best as they can," she said.

The pandemic also made it hard to have contractorsgo into apartments, Gray added.

"This is not a trial of Mr. Syed," agreed Madiba.

"It's the system that constantlyseems to be working against these people. Let us all sit down and try to find a solution."

Earlier in themeeting, the joint committee approved a 10-year roadmap for how to build and pay for 500 new affordable housing units annually in partnership withOttawa Community Housing and othernon-profits.

They also intend to fundtwo new facilities, onefor families and one for women, with 40 to 50 beds that could reduce the need for motels.

More immediately, the Dudas motion calls for the city to run another "housing blitz" as it did late in 2020 to see if landlords have permanent units.

The city will alsorequest temporary accommodations.

"People might be willing," saidJohn Dickie of the Eastern Ontario Landlords Organization.

"Anywhere that students rented there are vacant units, so it's possible people might step up.This is new territory for all of us."

Originally posted here:
City keeps apartment deal for overflow family shelter in Vanier -

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 1st, 2021

The words "Tabor Luxury Apartment" are displayed in silver lettering across the red-brick lowrise tucked deep within Vanier.

But thatname doesn't tell the whole story of the building at the centre of a controversy coming to this week to city hall.

Since 2015, the City of Ottawa has paid owner Ahmed Syedmotel rates to house homeless families there an extension of sorts of the arrangementhe has with the city at his other property, the nearby Ottawa Inn. It's meant to be used in emergencies, but many people CBC spoke with have lived there not just for days, but in some cases years.

Some report living with bedbugs, cockroaches and even rats.

On Tuesday, despite their fears of what might happen if they share their stories publicly, many families will tell Mayor Jim Watsonand city councillors about life at Tabor during a massive meeting on housing and homelessness.

Some are only comfortable having their statements read by local advocates, who have also launched a petition on their behalf calling on the city to relocate them.

Syed will speak, too. He has shown CBC photos of renovated units with kitchens, and said he cannot understand what he characterizes as a campaign against his efforts to help large homeless families.

Tuesday's discussions over the Tabor apartments and whether the city should continue its relationship with Syed are expected to be emotional and difficult, not just because of the residents' testimony, but because it highlights the huge challenge the city has finding shelter for homeless families.

When emergency family shelters are overflowing and they're always overflowing the city pays motel and hotel owners to shelter them. On any given night, some 370 families aresleeping in motel rooms or university dorms, which costs the city millions each year, money critics say could be used to shelter families in a more sustainable way.

At Tabor, Syed is paid $89 a night by the city a rate recently been reduced from $109 to house 15 families, which comes to about $40,000 a month.

City staff say if the committee votes to no longer use the Tabor apartments for emergency accommodation, families will be moved to multiple motel and post-secondary dorm rooms, with no kitchens and at greater cost to taxpayers.

The debate was first meant to take place Feb. 18 at a community and protective services committee meeting, where local Coun. Mathieu Fleury had put the Tabor apartments issue on the agenda.

But a last minute six-to-five votemoved the item to this Tuesday. One family, particularly upset atthe debate being postponed, wrote city councillors, describing their fear at speaking out.

"Those councillors who have voted to shut off our voices have not faced what we are facing," they wrote. "They are not living what we live every single day!"'

Organizations likeSisters in Syncand the African Canadian Association of Ottawa have been working with families to prepare statements for Tuesday'smuch larger joint meetingof the committees responsible for housing and for finances.

CBC News spoke with some families to hear their stories first-hand, but is not identifying them because they fear reprisals.

One single mother said she found herself in the shelter system a couple of years ago after leaving her husband.

Her children don't have bedbug bites like their neighbours do, but they hear rodents in walls and try to avoid one hallway for fear of large rats, she said.

"People here are not living in good conditions. They need to move people," the woman said. "We need to move out, not [stay] here, no."

Another single mother who sought asylum in Canada from the U.S. a few years ago couldn't find anything affordable to rent. She never expected to be in a family shelter for two years.

She tries not to complain, she said. The three or four rats in her part of the building have been dealt with, she said, but the owners and theirpest management company can't seem to get cockroaches under control.

"The person who owns this building is in it for business. If the [city] wants to continue using this place it needs to be properly renovated."

The Vanier Community Service Centre is a non-profit that offers social, legal and counselling services to the area's residents.

According to documents released under freedom of information laws, employees with the Vanier Community Service Centre a non-profit that offers social, legal and counselling services to the neighbourhood's residents were alarmed by conditions they witnessed last fall on a rare visit inside Tabor.

"They were appalled to see live cockroaches, blood stains on the bed sheets as a result of bedbug bites, rat feces in the kitchen, mould, leaky water pipes and windows without screens," the centre's executive director, Michel Gervais, wrote in a Oct. 6, 2020, letter to the city's housing staff.

"They also saw makeshift wooden barriers, used to prevent the rats from escaping into the kitchen at night, gnawed right through," Gervais wrote. "Our staff witnessed neglect, severe disrepair, helplessnessand fear."

Within an hour of being sent the letter, the city's general manager in charge of housing, Donna Gray, set a series of repeat inspections in motion.

"I saw that letter, too," Syed told CBC News, notinghisstaff werenot allowed to go into the units to clean before October due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

"They did not find one bedbug, not one," he said of the inspections, although he said there were cockroaches "here and there." Heproduced are-inspection reportfrom December that showed no issues left to address.

Bylaw, public health and housing officials were satisfied by the follow-up inspections, city staff wrote in the report that goes before committee Tuesday, and pointed out Syed did perform extra renovations.

Families were also offered to be placed elsewhere, the report says, but "very few families accepted this relocation offer."

Syed introduced other shelter users to CBC, who said they've never had problems at either the Tabor buildingorOttawa Inn, and any issues that did arise were dealt with quickly.

City case workers are quick to answer complaints raised by families, Syed said, and he resolves them in 24 hours. His staff clean the units weekly, he added.

Syed said he bought the Tabor after watching families sitting on his Ottawa Inn motel beds sharing takeout food. He said he wanted them to live together in a single unit with a kitchen and be able to cook proper meals.

Nor is he making big money, he said. At the new $89 nightly rate, Syed said he's left with little profit, as the rate includes internet, electricity, heat, linens and cleaning.

Units often sit empty if the city sends no families, he added.

Syed, whose apartment arrangement was also the subject of a 2019 audit, said the other 22 motels and post-secondary institutions that have overflow shelter agreements with the city aren't under the same scrutiny.

"I'm being singled out. I don't know why," he said. "People don't like that I'm supporting the community. They should be supporting me. What government is supposed to be doing, I'm doing it."

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'We need to move out': Overflow shelter dispute to come before city committee -

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on February 27th, 2021

HuffPost/Rebecca ZisserIllustration of downtown Winnipeg.

It was winter in Winnipeg when a 48-year-old man entered one of the citys hospitals and complained of sharp chest pains and trouble breathing. He was admitted into intensive care and intubated. Still early 2020, the city wasnt in a full pandemic lockdown just yet.

The man had already been seeking regular medical help for a year and half at that point in February. Chest pains and bouts of body lice infection, contracted during a stay at one of the citys homeless shelters, made him a repeat patient in the emergency department.

Lice bites and scratches marked his body. When the sound waves of the ultrasound machine finished mapping an image of his damaged heart, doctors found the reason for the mans shortness of breath and it wasnt COVID-19: part of his mitral heart valve had dislodged and ended up in his lungs.

Carl Boodman/Canadian Medical Association JournalLesions mark the legs of a 48-year-old Winnipeg man with endocarditis due to Bartonella quintana. The photo, supplied to the Canadian Medical Association Journal, shows that unlike bedbugs, body lice bites do not follow sock or belt lines where pressure is applied to the body.

The man, who cant be identified because of patient confidentiality, was quite unwell, said Dr. Carl Boodman, a Winnipeg-based infectious disease expert who was called in after blood culture tests came back negative for common infections.

When he looked at the skin lesions that covered the mans legs, Boodman told HuffPost Canada it immediately raised some geeky infectious diseases flags. The patients medical chart noted past intravenous drug use, which had led to an HIV diagnosis 14 years earlier. There was also a note that he was living in supportive housing and another about a stay in a homeless shelter the year before. More flags went up.

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Boodman wondered if the diagnosis could be Bartonella quintana, also known as trench fever. Like the name suggests, its a disease from another era. It gained notoriety during the First World War after more than a million troops were infected with it due to poor living conditions in Europes battlefield trenches. After the war, as personal hygiene improved and baths and washed clothes became part of regular life in many parts of the world, outbreaks of trench fever grew increasingly less common and eventually rare.

Courtesy of Carl BoodmanDr. Carl Boodman discovered four cases of trench fever in 2020. The Winnipeg-based infectious disease specialists wants to bring more attention to diseases of poverty and neglected diseases to ensureequitable access to health care.

True to its name, Boodman said, people typically describe a fever that comes and goes every five days. Shin pain, headaches and rashes were common symptoms cited during the First World War. But a lot of the patients Ive seen, sometimes they complain of left upper quadrant pain. So its because their spleen is getting a little inflamed or big.

In other cases, people are asymptomatic and their bloodwork comes back seemingly normal. That can be dangerous because if left untreated, trench fever can cause endocarditis thats when the hearts inner lining becomes inflamed.

Its really a slow process, Boodman explained. Theres descriptions of it being in someones bloodstream for months and months on end, and people, you know, might be a little anemic or might feel a little, not great, but many people will not even notice it.

Only four known Canadian cases have been reported in recent decades, according to a study published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Outbreaks of the disease have been transmitted through body lice in refugee camps in East Africa and in homeless shelters in urban areas around the world where shared sleeping quarters are a common design.


Body lice and head lice are similar but not the same.

Body lice mostly live on clothing unlike head lice, which tend to stay on the scalp and in the hair. Body lice feed on skin cells a few times a day where they sometimes leave feces. That feces is an irritant, which causes people to itch and make abrasions in the skin. If that body lice feces is infected with the B. quintana bacterium that causes trench fever, those abrasions in the skin are the bacterias gateway into the bloodstream.

Some studies have shown 30-40 per cent of body lice can carry the B. quintana bacterium, Boodman said.

Though mature body lice can live up to 30 days, the feces of one infected with the B. quintana bacterium can remain infectious for 12 months and new cases can arise for some time even after elimination of the louse population, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

This explains why when the mans blood test came back positive for trench fever, and despite the homeless shelter taking actions to improve its infection prevention and control measures, more positive cases followed.

CP/Mikaela MacKenzieThe microbiology lab at the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg on Dec. 8, 2020.

After that first positive diagnosis there were three more for different people all reported before the end of May. All men in Winnipeg between the ages of 33 and 62. For two of the men, the presenting symptoms were different: the infection caused a hemorrhage, bleeding in the brain. There was a common thread: everyone at one point either slept or ate meals at the same Winnipeg homeless shelter.

This is a disease of extreme poverty, said Leah Gazan, the NDP MP for the Winnipeg riding where the cluster of trench fever cases was reported. She made the remark during a hybrid sitting of the House of Commons in December. She called the situation abhorrent, one that had been made worse by inadequate funding.

Our front-line organizations have the ability to address the needs of our community but often lack the resources to respond and provide care for individuals in need, Gazan said. We need help now.

Boodman says trench fever belongs to a class of neglected diseases that are associated with poverty and under-housing today. People dont really think about how diseases have a disproportionate impact on people.

The Winnipeg Regional Health Authority told HuffPost there was no information available for when they first became aware of the trench fever cases, which trace back to a city shelter. Spokesperson Paul Turenne said the health authority has not undertaken any specific measures in response to these cases.

Advocates have frequently made the connection between poverty and poor health outcomes, urging politicians at all levels of government to introduce policies and commit adequate funding to tackle interrelated issues of mental health and safe, affordable housing, which disproportionately impact lower income earners.

Some community-led programs have stepped up when politicians have delayed action. In lieu of a city-led approach, this model of poverty reduction, as described in a 2018 paper published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, has been used in other cities such as Hamilton, Ont., where a special roundtable actively advocates for a living wage and municipal changes at city hall.

Significant poverty reduction is achievable, but it will require all levels of government to work together and commit to comprehensive plans, the paper states.


Approximately 77,000 Winnipeggers live in poverty, according to the Market Basket Measurein the most recent 2016 census. That number constitutes nearly 10 per cent of the citys population. Two years later, the federal government announced that the Market Basket Measure (MBM) would serve as Canadas official poverty line by region, which for a Winnipeg family would be a combined annual income of $44,030. The MBM is calculated using the market cost of a specific set of goods and services needed to have a modest, basic standard of living, according to Statistics Canada.

CP/Keith LevitCOVDI-19 sign in downtown Winnipeg, Man. on April 21, 2020.

In Winnipeg, community programs help build bridges to engage and help residents in its inner city, where residents experience higher rates of poverty than in other areas. A 2011 report underlined the inequitable health implications of poverty in the city. It found those experiencing homelessness have significantly poorer health outcomes when compared to the general population, including being 20 times as likely to have hepatitis C, three times as likely to have a heart attack, and six times as likely to have angina chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.

When the cluster of trench fever cases were reported last year, it set off alarm bells at all levels of government about the dire situations some people are facing with extreme poverty.

Boodman said part of the reason he found four cases in a span of months, despite very few incidents in the past 20 years, is because his interest in diseases of poverty and neglected diseases primed him to look for it in the first place. He hopes news of the Winnipeg cluster can serve as a reminder for people in the medical community to keep an open mind about things that might not be familiar from their personal experiences.

Some of its my own bias, Boodman said, Ive been kind of wondering about this disease for quite some time and had read the literature and a lot of people didnt really think it was there because its hard to diagnose.

Thats partly because when you look at Bartonella quintana under a microscope, its hard to see. Its rod-like shape doesnt take well to stains. Another reason is its not a common disease on the forefront of many medical experts minds. Rare diseases can often be initially missed. Boodman had to push lab technicians to look for evidence of trench fever when he ordered the blood test.

I think there [are] systemic reasons, just the way that you know theres systemic racism, and certain diseases are studied and certain diseases get more funding than others that also influences what is known and what is common knowledge and what isnt.

Income can be a factor in unmet health care needs.

A 2014 Statistics Canada survey found participants with lower incomes were more likely to have reported an unmet health care need than people earning middle or higher incomes.

For people experiencing homelessness and precarious housing, the situation can sometimes be dire.According to the New England Journal of Medicine,that exact demographic risks being caught at the bottom of the health care rationing iceberg. How can a patient heal if they have to return to a shelter or the streets?

Census data is one tool thats used to help governments determine funding and resources. Until a few years ago, people experiencing homelessness who wanted to be included in the census had a phone line they could call to be counted. Shelters are now playing a bigger role, as well as grassroots community members, in ensuring some of societys most vulnerable people are not further ostracized and condemned to repeating cycles of extreme poverty.

To get a better picture of the dynamic situation, volunteers have taken the initiative in some Canadian cities to count the number of people experiencing homelessness. In Winnipeg, hundreds of people have signed up on two occasions to conduct a street census to capture the citys homelessness population in a single moment of time during one 24-hour period.

The last time volunteers conducted a street census was in 2018 when 1,519 people were surveyed among those experiencing homelessness at sites including emergency, domestic violence and youth shelters, community agencies, and transitional housing.

CP/John WoodsPeter Oyeniyi, van outreach worker with the Salvation Army Extreme Environment Response Vehicle checks a Winnipeg parkade staircase where the homeless stay in the early hours of Saturday morning on Feb. 2, 2019.

Volunteers recorded nearly 900 people who indicated they had provisional non-shelter accommodations such as someone elses home, transitional housing, or institutional care. They found men accounted for more than 65 per cent of people experiencing homelessness on that mid-April census day. The average age of someone experiencing homelessness was 40. An overwhelming 66 per cent of the people counted were Indigenous.

These numbers were collected two years before the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated pre-existing inequities in society. The street census is supposed to take place every two years, but like many events planned for 2020, it was postponed due to the pandemic.

In the meantime, Boodman, who is also studying medical microbiology at the University of Manitoba, said hes continuing his mission to raise awareness about diseases that almost exclusively affect poor populations, which he said for that reason, theres less research, and less diagnostics and less therapeutics that are available.

He still checks in with the man he first diagnosed with trench fever, whom Boodman said ultimately had an infection that was a consequence of being under-housed. The man got cardiovascular surgery to fix the damage done to his heart by the undetected condition, an accomplishment in itself because its a procedure often not available to people with a history of IV drug use.

He survived, he was on dialysis for a little bit, he got off dialysis, Boodman said, adding that the mans HIV is well controlled, hes gaining weight and doing well and he has a new home.

He walked two kilometres to come see me, Boodman said. He has friends, he interacts with his family. And, and, you know, its just great to see him. Hes happy.

Excerpt from:
Cluster Of WWI Trench Fever Disease Highlights Extreme Poverty In Winnipeg - HuffPost Canada

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on February 27th, 2021

Fort Collins, Colorado: Reports Globe offers comprehensive research and analysis based on the Insect Pest Control Market research report, growth trends, and competitive analysis 2021-2027. Analysts used primary and secondary research techniques to determine the market path. The data includes historical and projected values ??for a full understanding. The researchers and analysts who produced the report used advanced research methodology and reliable primary and secondary sources of market information and data. Its a phenomenal compendium of key research that explores the competitive landscape, segmentation, geographic expansion, and income, production, and consumption growth in the Insect Pest Control market. Players can use the precise market data and numbers, along with the statistical data presented in the report, to understand the current and future growth of the Insect Pest Control market. The report provides an in-depth assessment of the dynamics of key markets, competitive landscape, segments, and regions to provide readers with a better understanding of the Insect Pest Control market.

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Global Insect Pest Control Market was valued at 14.68 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD21.85 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 5.50% from 2020 to 2027.

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By Control method: Physical & Mechanical Control Methods Chemical Control Methods Pyrethroids.1 Deltamethrin.2 Lambda-Cyhalothrin.3 Permethrin.4 Cypermethrin Fipronil Larvicides.1 Cyromazine.2 Pyriproxyfen.3 Diflubenzuron Organophosphates.1 Chlorpyrifos.2 Temephos.3 Malathion Biological Control Methods.1 Predators.2 Microbials.3 Botanicals Other Control Methods

By Insect Type: Termites Bed Bugs Flies Cockroaches Mosquitoes ANTs Other Insects

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