Vancouver Bed Bug Registry Maps
  Sunday 17th of February 2019 20:20 PM

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

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Bed Bugs | Pest Library | Orkin Canada

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Bed bugs are seeing a resurgence in Canada and even the cleanest of homes can fall victim to these painful pests. At night, bed bugs feed on sleeping humans, but by day, they hide in dark undisturbed areas like inside furniture, baseboards, floorboards, carpets, and even wallpaper.

Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide and warmth that humans emit, which makes them particularly drawn to multi-unit buildings with lots of turnover like hotels or rental apartments, where they are often brought in on luggage or used furniture.

They are known to travel more than six metres from hiding in order to feed, but generally hide within two metres of their host, in large infestations that give off a sweet but unpleasant smell.

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Bed Bug Mattress Encasements – Orkin

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Orkin Canada offers protection and peace of mind

Stop worrying about bed bugs today with the Orkin Canada bed bug certified mattress protectors.

To protect your family and your investment in bedding from bed bugs, Orkin Canada is happy to provide bed bug certified mattress and box spring encasements. Our collection is waterproof, breathable, non-allergenic, fire retardant and impermeable to dust mites, mould, bacteria and, of course, bed bugs. This luxurious fabric is soft to the touch while conforming to fit any mattress.

Since adult bed bugs can live for over a year after feeding, customers are advised to leave the encasements on their mattress for 18 months or longer. With this lengthy quarantine period in mind our encasements offer a unique Duo System consisting of a superior Total Mattress Encasement plus the Simplistic Overlay Topper with corner anchor bands, thus enabling the removal of the topper for laundering or when maintenance is required. The Duo System provides an extra layer of comfort and also allows for the option of flipping the mattress anytime during the quarantine period.

For easy care, simply wipe down or vacuum the surface to eliminate dust mites and their allergens between washings. Made of a comfortable stretch fabric and joined to our unique light weight barrier our mattress protectors are easily laundered in a hot water wash with regular detergent and a non-chlorine bleach. Use air fluff to dry or medium heat, permanent press cycle.

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Bed Bugs: What are a landlords responsibilities? LandlordBC

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Bed bugs. Those two words are enough to make many peoples skin crawl. These little parasitic insects are a common problem in cities around the world and British Columbia is no exception. There was a time when bed bugs were virtually eradicated in the developed world, however, over the last two decades there has been a resurgence in their number.

There are many misconceptions regarding bed bugs and how bed bug infestations develop. It is very important for landlords and tenants to note that bed bugs are not necessarily a cleanliness issue. These insects can be brought into the home in a variety of manners, many of which are common day-to-day occurrences. For example, second hand furniture, books, and electronics can carry bed bugs. They can also come in by hitchhiking on visitors who have been in an area with a bed bug infestation; and these infestations are not limited to residential dwellings. Offices, libraries, and hotels have all experienced bed bug infestations.

The best way to prevent a bed bug infestation is to avoid bringing the bugs into the home in the first place. Vancouver Coastal Health provides tips on bed bug prevention, including washing and drying second hand clothes on a hot setting and when travelling, inspect your sleeping quarters for bed bugs as this will allow you to take additional precautions upon your return home.

Bed bug prevention guides can be found here and are available in English, Vietnamese, and Chinese languages.

What do bed bugs look like and how to spot them?

According to Brent Hampton of 1st Pest Control, Bed bugs look like tiny beetles and in their earlier stages of development, they can be translucent and milky white/yellowish in colour. As they develop into adults, they darken to a brownish-red colour. At their largest, they are smaller than an apple seed and as flat as a credit card.

Who is responsible when a bed bug infestation is discovered in a rental unit?

A question LandlordBC is often asked is who is responsible for the treatment of the unit if a bed bug infestation is discovered? The simple answer is that the landlord or property manager is responsible for the treatment of the unit. However, the tenant is responsible for cooperating with the landlords efforts to manage the bed bug infestation such as prepping the unit for treatment, washing and bagging clothing etc.

To treat the bed bug infestation the landlord will, most likely, need to enter the rental unit. Landlords have the right to enter the property to inspect and maintain rental units, however, tenants must be given a proper written notice and the landlord can only enter between the hours of 8:00 am and 9:00 pm. In cases of emergency, such as a flood of fire, the landlord can enter the unit without notice. Treating an apartment for bed bugs is not considered an emergency and therefore, tenants must be given proper notice and adequate time to prepare the units for the application of a pesticide.

What is the solution to control bed bugs?

Early detection is key to addressing an infestation. As noted above, bed bugs can make their way into rental units in a variety of fashions and once they are there they can be tricky to eradicate. There is no fast, inexpensive solution to bed bugs and a licensed pest control operator will be required because if the job is not done properly, the bed bugs will return and continue to spread! This creates a bigger infestation and the costs associated with treatment will increase.

Unfortunately, due to the behaviors of bed bugs, there is often a chance that more than one units will be infested, even if the other tenants have not noticed any bugs or have not experienced any bites. The pest control operator will advise if there is a need to treat neighbouring units. The rules regarding notice of entry will apply to those units as well. The landlord is responsible for the cost of treatment needed to eradicate bug bugs. However, if the treatment is successfully completed and the bed bugs return, the tenant would then be responsible for the cost thereafter.

Preparation is key to a successful bed bug treatment and prevention of further infestation. It is important that landlords are communicating with their tenants regarding what is required of them to ensure that the treatment is effective. For example, clearing out shelves, laundering all clothing and bedding, moving furniture away from walls, and removing clutter. It is important that all parties work together to address this issue, however if for some reason the tenant refuses to properly prepare their unit for treatment the landlord can issue a caution notice which could lead to a 1 month notice to end tenancy.

Are there any new developments or technologies in fighting bed bugs?

Mr. Hampton believes that the newest technology is heat treatment, a method thats been around for about a decade and has proven to be the most effective method of killing bed bugs, provided the pre-treatment preparation is followed precisely. Its worth noting that heat treatments are much more than simply setting up an industrial heater and leaving it on for a set amount of time. These heaters can not only be dangerous, but also destructive to possessions and not effective if the core temperature of every item in the home doesnt reach the killing temperature, adds Mr. Hampton. When dealing with bed bugs, the best option is to call a professional pest control company to resolve the issue. The pest control specialist will guide both the landlord and the tenant on how to prepare for the infestation treatment and tailor an inspection and/or treatment plan according the specific requirements.

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Bed Bugs Heat Treatment Vancouver | Pest Control Services

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Bed bugs are a risk to home and business. The bites are unpleasant to say the least, and the idea of bed bugs can be revolting. If you would like an alternative to the chemical treatment, Heat Treatment is a new and innovative bed bug elimination technique that Pesticon has mastered so we can better serve our customers.

In this technique, no chemicals or pesticides are used, making this an ideal method for cautious homeowners. Recent research has shown that bed bugs cannot tolerate extreme heat and will not survive it for more than a few hours. Pesticons state-of-the-art heat-generating units can kill off bed bugs and their offspring within just 3-6 hours depending upon the size of the property. This treatment is 100% natural and comes backed by Pesticons famed 6-month pest-free guarantee.

It can be a more expensive form of bed bug treatment, but many of our customers find the peace of mind they get from a 100% natural treatment administered by trained professionals to be well worth their investment.

The process for using heat treatment to kill bed bugs is simple. First, our highly trained technicians inspect the property to decide which type of heat-generating unit to use (we use electric heaters in apartments, hotels, and condominiums and propane-units in residential homes). All items which cannot withstand the extreme heat are removed from the premises and the area is sealed in order to prevent the heat from escaping.

Then, we clean the area thoroughly by vacuuming the entire area before placing the heating units in the appropriate places to target the bed bugs. Our technicians maintain the heat for 3-6 hours until we can be confident that all of the bed bugs have been exterminated. Before leaving your home, we remove all of the dead bed bugs and inspect the premises to be 100% certain that all of the pests have been both eliminated and removed from your home.

The reason we have confidence in our treatment is that make sure we properly assess your bed bug problem. We have had a lot of success with Heat Treatment for bed bugs in the Vancouver area. This is reflected in our Homestars ratings and testimonials. If you live in the Vancouver area and are suffering from a bed bug infestation, call, email, or chat with Pesticon right away so we can make your bed bug problem disappear!

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Toronto tops in Canada for bed bugs, new list says …

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Toronto is the bed bug capital of Canada, according to new stats.

Pest control company Orkin has released its second-annual list of the worst-infested cities in the country based on the number of infestation treatments in 2018.

Hogtown has the biggest problem of Cimex lectularius better known as bed bugs the tiny insects that use humans as hosts, leaving red, itchy bites.

Bed bugs are the No. 1 urban pest in many cities today, said Chelle Hartzer, an Orkin entomologist.

They are master hitchhikers, so no one is immune. Sanitation has nothing to do with prevention. From public transit to five-star resorts, bed bugs have been and can be found everywhere humans are.

After Toronto, the worst cities in order are Winnipeg, St. Johns, Vancouver, Halifax, Ottawa, Hamilton, Sudbury, Windsor and Scarborough.

Bed bugs favourite places to infect are mattresses, under seat cushions, creases of drawers, and carpet.

Look for dark tiny stains, cast skins or the live bugs.

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Health Concerns bed bugs – BC BED BUG EXPERT

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Are there health concerns bedbugs?

Bed bugs cause a variety of negative physical health, mental health andeconomic consequences. Many people have mild to severe allergic reaction to the bites with effects ranging from no reaction to a small bite mark to, in rare cases, anaphylaxis (severe, whole-body reaction). These bites can also lead to secondary infections of the skin such as impetigo, ecthyma, and lymphanigitis. Bed bugs may also affect the mental health of people living in infested homes. Reported effects include anxiety, insomnia and systemic reactionsCDC-EPA Statement On Bed bugs

Do Bed Bugs Transmit Disease?

Bedbugs, like mosquitoes and ticks pierce the skin and suck the blood of their victims. They also inject an anesthesia, like mosquitoes do. Unlike mosquitoes and ticks, bedbugs have not been scientifically proven to transmit diseases.

Bedbugs are suspected of transmitting 41 human diseases

HIV has been found to survive up to 8 days inside a bed bug after it fed on an HIV positive victim

Hepatitis B can survive 7 weeks inside a bed bug, which has fed on a host carrying Hepatitis B

Whether or not bed bugs can transmit human disease agents remains a point of contention. Attorneys representing plaintiffs bitten by the bugs in hotels and apartments often firmly state that the risk is real and warrants compensation.While not scientifically proven to transmit disease, the record of science and the medical community has not been totally reliable concerning some public health issues.

What is the most serious health concern with bed bugs?

One of the most serious health concerns with bed bug bites, is MRSA. Methicillin Resistant Staph Infection is potentially deadly. Today it is also commonly called Medically Resistant Staph Infection. The scratching associated with repeated bug bites breaks the skin. In the age of MRSA there are significant health risks with repeated skin breaks.Different people have different reactions to bed bug bites. For many, severe allergic reactions cause large welts, itching, and extreme discomfort.Left untreated, victims are covered in large itching welts.

Bed bugs can hatch in 10 days and reach maturity in as little as 21 days, they reproduce at an astonishing rate. Bed bugs feed every night, biting their victims repeatedly. They are voracious, and are adept at feeding without the host feeling the bites until morning.

Thepersonshown received these bites in a single night, staying in an infested room. Any break in the skin causes increased risk for MRSA. Repeated bed bug bites and scratching causes health risks that are potentially dangerous.

MRSA is a growing global public health menace because of its rapid spread from hospital settings into communities of healthy people, says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. This is an evolving pathogen that in recent decades has developed resistance to common medical treatments and now is finding new mechanisms to spread and cause severe illness.Bedbugs, A Growing Health Menace

Over 90,000 people per year are developing life threatening infections caused by the drug resistant staph germ MRSA.MRSA- Deadly Threat

While the jury is still out as to the ultimate effect of bed bug bites on society as a whole, a bed bug infestation should be treated seriously and quickly to prevent possible health risks for you and your family.

Pesticide health concerns.

With Bed Bugs, the Cure May Be Worse Than the Disease.

As reported in Time Magazine Bloodsucking bed bugs have made a comeback in recent years. But as victims of infestation have become increasingly desperate to rid their homes of the bedeviling pests, many have only done themselves more harm.

A total of 111 illnesses associated with bed bug-related insecticides were reported in seven states between 2003 and 2010 (mostly in the last three years), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said Thursday. Most cases of poisoning were not severe, but the data included one death.The actual number of insecticide-related illnesses may be far higher than found in the CDC study, because it included only those that were reported to a surveillance system in 12 states. Further, many people experiencing minor symptoms, who didnt seek medical treatment or advice from a poison control center, would not have been captured by the system.

In nearly 40% of cases of insecticide-related illness, extermination was attempted by consumers who werent certified to use pesticides. The problem is only being made worse by bed bugs increasing resistance to commonly available pesticides, the CDC said, which may further drive peoples misuse of toxic chemicals. Do-it-yourselfers should follow product instructions carefully.

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Vancouver Is One Of The Worst Bed Bug Cities In Canada

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Ready for your daily dose of gross and nasty news?

Vancouver has been ranked as one of the worst cities in Canada for bed bugs.

You read that right.

RELATED:Vancouver and Burnaby Are Among The Rattiest Cities In B.C.

Orkin Canada released its list of top bed bug cities and Vancouver came in at #4, while Burnaby was ranked at #20.

Toronto was ranked as the worst city in Canada for bed bugs.

Photo: Orkin Canada

The findings by Orkin Canada are based on the number of commercial and residential bed bug treatments carried out by the countrys largest pest control provider reads a press release.

Heres the full list of Canadas worst bed bug cities:

If you want to prevent bed bugs from being an issue for yourself, Orkin advises you to:

Plan your next night out, enter contests, and stay connected.

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Heat N Sleep | Bed Bugs Vancouver BC

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Heat-N-Sleep Thermal Remediation is a family owned & operated businessserving the Lower Mainland, Vancouver BC and Vancouver Island.Fully licensed &insured.

As experiencedbed bug extermination experts, we use an eco-friendly heat solution to eliminatebed bugs.Nothing has been proven more effective for bed bug elimination.

At Heat-N-Sleep, we treat bed bug infestations by using a K9 Inspection and achemical-free Heat Treatment Process.Thermal Remediation is the most thorough and comprehensive method of eradicating bed bugs, proving lethalatall stages of the bed bugs life cycle. Read more

Serving the Lower Mainland, Vancouver BC and Vancouver Island, including:

If you have any questions, or you want a quick quote, please contact us

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Bedbug in Hotel :: Bed Bug Registry Database

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Bed Bugs in Hotel

Bed bugs are easy to transport in luggage and very hard to get rid of. For this reason they have become an especial nuisance for hotels, who are not eager to publicize their infestations. You can't tell whether a building or hotel room has them based on cleanliness - the bugs can thrive anywhere there are cracks and crevices to hide in. Bed bugs are becoming common in hotels, possibly because the bugs are developing resistance to sprays, or possibly because more toxic sprays have been outlawed. The bugs are showing up in luxury buildings and expensive resort hotels, so no one is immune to them. Bed bugs cannot fly, and you can kill them by encasing furniture or clothes in plastic; they need blood to live.

Still concerned? Concerned travelers may want to check their bed for telltale signs of the bugs, a more common practice years ago. Before jumping into bed, here are a few spot check tips:

First, look into the cracks and seams of the mattress, as this is a favorite spot for bed bugs to hide. They sleep during the day, so are easy to spot at this time. If there are no bugs to be found, you should look for small rusty spots staining the mattress, as these stains could be the blood excrement of bed bugs. There may also be discarded exoskeleton shells near these stains, as bed bugs grow up to 5 times after a feeding, and shed often.

Blood excrement and exoskeleton shells are an indication of a bed bug brooding site, and if one brooding site exists, there are often more in the room. Next, look behind the head board of the bed and any nightstands that are in the area. Bed bugs have an affinity for wood, and are often found hiding in these areas. It is important to check these areas because the mattresses may have been cleaned, but the room could still be infested. Any bed bugs still alive after the bedding and mattress is treated will most likely be in these areas. They can not jump or fly, but can easily walk the distance from a night stand to your bed when you are asleep.

If you do find any bed bugs or brooding sites in your room, alert the staff immediately. Take your luggage with you also, because you don't want any of them hitching a ride and infesting your home. Hotels, motels, and hostels usually take bed bug infestations quite seriously and should be happy to move you to another room.

Bedbugs (or bed bugs) are becoming an epidemic in hotel rooms throughout the United States. Larger cities, especially New York City are literally infested with them. Before staying in a hotel room for the night these days, it is best to spend five minutes and check the room for bedbugs. Some of the pictures of victims are downright gruesome. The bugs come in the night and bite along the thickest veins in your legs in the middle of the night where your slumber is at it's deepest level. Bedbugs are small black creatures, but you should be able to pick them out by following a few simple procedures. Here are some tips to and information on how to check for bed bugs around the hotel room.

1.Pick up the mattresses in the rooms and look under it. Check around the edges of the box springs. 2.Check under the box spring. 3.Look at the corners of the room. Oftentimes bedbugs are wedged in corners sleeping during the day. Also, spiders do catch them and this is where they generally have their webs. 4.This is the most important tip of all. Headboards in hotel rooms are easily removed. They are basically decorative. Lift up each headboard an lie it on the bed. Carefully inspect the hole where the headboard was lifted out of. Also, inspect all niches and corners of the headboard. Remember bedbugs are very small and dead bedbug husks sometimes can be hard to pick up. If you see any type of bug or husk of small bugs, you most likely have bedbugs in the room (or at least used to).

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Bed bug control techniques – Wikipedia

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Bed bugs, or cimicidae, are small parasitic insects. The term usually refers to species that prefer to feed on human blood.

Early detection and treatment are critical to successful control. According to a survey, the most commonly infested places are the mattress (98.2%), boxspring (93.6%), as well as nearby carpets and baseboards (94.1%).[1] In fact, bed bugs thrive in areas where there is an adequate supply of available hosts, and plenty of cracks and harborages within 1.5 metres (4.9ft) of the host.[2]

Because treatments are required in sleeping areas and other sensitive locations, methods other than chemical pesticides are in demand. Treatments can be costly, laborious, time consuming, repetitive, and embarrassing, and may entail health risks.

Bed bug infestations spread easily in connecting units and have negative effects on psychological well-being and housing markets. In response, many areas have specific laws about responsibilities upon discovering a bed bug infestation, particularly in hotels and multi-family housing units, because an unprofessional level of response can have the effect of prolonging the invisible part of the infestation and spreading it to nearby units.

Common laws include responsibilities such as the following: Lessors must educate all lessees about bedbugs, lessee must immediately notify lessor in writing upon discovery of infestation, lessor must not intentionally lease infested unit, lessee must not intentionally introduce infested items, lessor must eradicate the infestation immediately every time it occurs at a professional level including all connecting units, and lessee must cooperate in the eradication process.[citation needed]

In a 2015 survey, reports of bed bug infestation in social media lowered the value of a hotel room to $38 for business travelers and $23 for leisure travelers.[3]

Mapped bed bug reports graphically illustrate how difficult it can be to eliminate bed bugs in densely populated areas where many people live in adjacent units like in New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.[4]

Though commonly used, the pesticide approach often requires multiple visits and may not always be effective due to pesticide resistance and dispersal of the bed bugs. According to a 2005 survey, only 6.1% of companies claim to be able to eliminate bed bugs in a single visit, while 62.6% claim to be able to control a problem in 23 visits.[1] Insecticide application may cause dispersal of bed bugs to neighbouring areas of a structure, spreading the infestation.[1]

Furthermore, the problem of insecticide resistance in bed bug populations increases their opportunity to spread. Studies of bed bug populations across the United States indicate that resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, which are used in the majority of bed bugs cases, is widespread.[1][5] Exterminators often require individuals to dispose of furniture and other infested materials. It is advisable to break or mark these infested items to prevent their being unintentionally recycled and furthering the spread of bed bugs.

The well-established resistance of bed bugs to DDT and pyrethroids has created a need for different and newer chemical approaches to the extermination of bed bugs. In 2008 a study was conducted on bed bug resistance to a variety of both old and new insecticides, with the following results, listed in order from most- to least-effective: -cyhalothrin, bifenthrin, carbaryl, imidacloprid, fipronil, permethrin, diazinon, spinosyn, dichlorvos, chlorfenapyr, and DDT.[6] Note that the first of these, -cyhalothrin, is itself a pyrethroid-based insecticide in the past it has been used principally for the treatment of cotton crops and so bed bugs have not developed a genetic resistance to it.

The German Federal Institut for Consumer Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine approved the following three agents for the treatment of bedbugs in 2000:

Up until the 1990s chlorpyrifos was used as an agent with longterm effect, but the EC biocide declaration 98/8 prohibited the use from August 2008 onward.[8]

Some manufacturers also offer fumigants containing sulfuryl fluoride.[9]

Non-residue methods of treatment such as steaming and vacuuming are preferable to the contamination of mattresses, pillows and bed covers with insecticides. The possible health effects of pesticides on people and pets ranging from allergic reactions to cancer have to be considered,[10] and acute neurotoxicity.[11][12][13] as well as the dispersal of bed bugs to neighbouring dwellings due to repellent effects of insecticides.

Bedbugs prefer to hide in and around the bed frame but it can still be a good idea to put a tight cotton cover on mattress and bedding to prevent access.

Bed bugs are developing resistance to various pesticides including DDT and organophosphates.[14][15] Some populations have developed a resistance to pyrethroid insecticides. Although now often ineffective, the resistance to pyrethroid allows for new chemicals that work in different ways to be investigated, so chemical management can continue to be one part in the resolving of bed bug infestations.[16] There is growing interest in both synthetic pyrethroid and the pyrrole insecticide, chlorfenapyr. Insect growth regulators, such as hydroprene (Gentrol), are also sometimes used.[17]

Populations in Arkansas have been found to be highly resistant to DDT, with an LD50 of more than 100,000 ppm.[18] DDT was seen to make bed bugs more active in studies conducted in Africa.[19]

Bed bug pesticide-resistance appears to be increasing dramatically. Bed bug populations sampled across the U.S. showed a tolerance for pyrethroids several thousand times greater than laboratory bed bugs.[20] New York City bed bugs have been found to be 264 times more resistant to deltamethrin than Florida bed bugs due to mutations and evolution.[21] Products developed in the mid 2010s combine neonicotinoids with pyrethroids, but according to a January 2016 survey published by the Journal of Medical Entomology, bed bug resistance in two major US cities now includes neonicotinoids.[22]

A population genetics study of bed bugs in the United States, Canada, and Australia using a mitochondrial DNA marker found high levels of genetic variation.[23] This suggests the studied bed bug populations did not undergo a genetic bottleneck as one would expect from insecticide control during the 1940s and 1950s, but instead, that populations may have been maintained on other hosts such as birds and bats. In contrast to the high amount of genetic variation observed with the mitochondrial DNA marker, no genetic variation in a nuclear RNA marker was observed. This suggests increased gene flow of previously isolated bed bug populations, and given the absence of barriers to gene flow, the spread of insecticide resistance may be rapid.

Isolation of humans is attempted with numerous devices and methods including zippered bed bug-proof mattress covers, bed-leg moat devices, and other barriers. However, even with isolated beds, bed bug infestations persist if the bed itself is not free of bed bugs, or if it is re-infested, which could happen quite easily.

It is convenient to place medium-sized belongings in sealed transparent plastic bags (such as plastic bags for freezing; larger models exist as well). Once closed, the tightness should be verified by pressing the bag and ensuring that air doesn't exit. It is as well convenient to mark these sealed bags as 'contaminated'/'decontaminated'.[citation needed]

Inorganic materials such as diatomaceous earth or amorphous silica gel may be used in conjunction with other methods to manage a bed bug infestation, provided they are used in a dry environment. Upon contact with such dust-like materials, the waxy outer layer of the insect's exoskeleton is disrupted, which causes them to dehydrate.[24]

Food-grade diatomaceous earth has been widely used to combat infestations. However, it can take weeks to have a significant effect. Studies examined and compared diatomaceous earth and synthetically produced, pure amorphous (i.e. non-crystalline) silica, so-called silica gel. They investigated the use of these substances as a stand-alone treatment in real-life scenarios, and compared them to usual poisonous agents. They found that the effect of diatomaceous earth was surprisingly low when used in real-life scenarios, while the synthetic product was extremely effective and fast in killing bed bugs in such settings.[25][26]

Silica gel was also more effective than usual poisonous pesticides (particularly in cases with pesticide resistant bugs). When applied after being mixed with water and then sprayed, the outcome for silica gel was significantly lower, but still distinctly better than for the natural silica (used dry). Authors argued that the reason for the poor outcome for diatomaceous earth as a stand-alone treatment was multi-factorial. When tested in laboratory where the bed bugs had intensive, prolonged contact with diatomaceous earth and no access to a host, diatomaceous earth performed very well. Silica gel, on the other side, performed in vitro consistently well even if applied to bed bugs in extremely low doses and with very slight and short (often only seconds or few minutes) contact to the substance.[25][26]

Although occasionally applied as a safe indoor pesticide treatment for other insects, boric acid is ineffectual against bed bugs because bed bugs do not groom.[27]

A traditional Balkan method of trapping bed bugs is to spread bean leaves in infested areas. The trichomes (microscopic hooked hairs) on the leaves trap the bugs by piercing the tarsi joints of the bed bug's arthropod legs. As a bug struggles to get free, it impales itself further on the bean leaf's trichomes. The bed bugs and leaves then can be collected and destroyed.[28][29][30] Researchers are examining ways to reproduce this capability with artificial materials.[28][30]

Many claims have been made about essential oils killing bed bugs. However, they are unproven. The FTC is now filing a suit against companies making these claims about these oils, specifically about cedar, cinnamon, lemongrass, peppermint, and clove oils.[31]

Disposal of items from the contaminated area can reduce the population of bed bugs and unhatched eggs. Removal of items such as mattresses, box springs, couches etc. is costly and usually insufficient to eradicate infestation because of eggs and adults hiding in surrounding areas. If the entire infestation is not eliminated prior to bringing new or cleaned personal and household items back into a home, these items will likely become infested and require additional treatment.

Treating clothing, shoes, linens, and other household items within the affected environment is difficult and frequently ineffective because of the difficulty of keeping cleaned items quarantined from infestation. Many bed bug exterminating specialists recommend removing personal and household items from the infested structure. Many metropolitan areas offer more effective treatments such as high-heat dryers and dry cleaning with PERC with the added benefit of the treated items remaining stored until the affected home's bed bug infestation is eradicated.

The improper disposal of infested furniture also facilitates the spread of bed bugs. Marking the discarded items as infested can help prevent infesting new areas. Bed bugs can go without feeding for 20 to 400 days, depending on temperature and humidity. Older stages of nymphs can survive longer without feeding than younger ones, and adults have survived without food for more than 400 days in the laboratory at low temperatures. Adults may live up to one year or more, and there can be up to four successive generations per year.[32]

Vacuuming helps with reducing bed bug infestations, but does not eliminate bed bugs hidden inside of materials. Also, unless the contents of the vacuum are emptied immediately after each use, bedbugs may crawl out through the vacuum's hoses and re-establish themselves. Vacuuming with a large bristle attachment can also aid in removing hidden bugs as well.[citation needed]

Steam treatment can effectively kill all stages of bed bugs. To be effective, steam treatment must reach 150170 degrees Fahrenheit (65 - 75 degrees C) for a sustained period. Unfortunately, bed bugs hide in a diversity of places, making steam treatment very tedious, labour-intensive and time consuming. There is also the risk of the steam not penetrating materials enough to kill hidden bed bugs. The steam may also damage materials such as varnished wood, or cause mold from the moisture left behind. Effective treatment requires repeated and very thorough steaming of the mattress, box spring, bed frame, bed covers, pillows, not to mention other materials and objects within the infested room, such as carpets and curtains.

Infested clothes can be effectively treated by a high-temperature ironing with vapor. If performed meticulously, this method yields faster disinfection compared to high-temperature washing in a washing machine. However, attention should be paid in order to avoid bedbug escape from the ironed clothes.

For volumetric objects (e.g. pillow, blanket, sleeping bag, rug), boiling in a large saucepan for more than 10 minutes represents a reliable method. In this manner, the lethal temperatures propagate with certainty deep inside the object, which is not necessarily the case of a washing machine cleaning cycle.

For smaller objects, pouring boiling water from a kettle onto the object located in a basin may be enough to kill bed bugs and eggs.

Clothes dryers can be used for killing bed bugs in clothing and blankets. Infested clothes and bedding are first washed in hot water with laundry detergent then placed in the dryer, and then after the items are completely dry, continue drying for at least 20 minutes longer at high heat.[33] However, this does not eliminate bed bugs in the mattress, bed frame and surrounding environment. Sterilized fabrics from the dryer are thus easily re-infested. Continually treating materials in this fashion is labour-intensive, and in itself does not eliminate the infestation.

Placing belongings in a hot box, a device that provides sustained heat at temperatures that kills bedbugs, larvae, and eggs, but that does not damage clothing, is an option. Pest control companies often rent the devices at nominal cost and it may make sense for frequent travelers to invest in one.[citation needed]

This method of bed bug control involves raising room temperatures to or above the killing temperature for bed bugs, which is around 45C (113F).[34] Heat treatments are generally carried out by professionals, and may be performed in a single area or an entire building. Heat treatment is generally considered to be the best method of eradication because it is capable of destroying an entire infestation with a single treatment.

HEPA air filtration is normally used during any heat treatment to capture particulate and biological matter that may be aerosolized during the heating process.

Bed bugs can be killed by a direct one-hour exposure to temperatures of 16C (3F), however, bed bugs have the capacity for rapid cold hardening, i.e. an hour-long exposure to 0C (32F) improved their subsequent tolerance of 14 to 16C (7 to 3F),[35] so this may need to be maintained for longer. Freezer temperatures at or below 16C (3F) should be sufficient to eliminate bed bugs and can be used to decontaminate household objects. This temperature range should be effective at killing eggs as well as all stages of bugs.[36] Higher temperatures however are not effective, and survival is estimated for temperatures above 12C (10F) even after 1 week of continuous exposure.[36]

This method requires a freezer capable of maintaining, and set to, a temperature below 16C (3F). Most home freezers are capable of maintaining this temperature.

Preliminary research has shown the fungus Beauveria bassiana, which has been used for years as an outdoor organic pesticide, is also highly effective at eliminating bed bugs exposed to cotton fabric sprayed with fungus spores. It is also effective against bed bug colonies due to the spores carried by infected bugs back to their harborages. Unlike typical insecticides, exposure to the fungus does not kill instantly, but kills bugs within five days of exposure. Some people, especially those with compromised immune systems, may react negatively to the concentrated presence of the fungus directly following an application.[37]

Early research shows that the common drug taken to get rid of parasitic worms, ivermectin (Stromectol), also kills bed bugs when taken by humans at normal doses. The drug enters the human bloodstream and if the bedbugs bite during that time, the bedbug will die in a few days. Ivermectin is also effective against mosquitoes, which can be useful controlling malaria.[38]

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Bed bug control techniques - Wikipedia

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