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  Toronto Bed Bug Registry Maps
  Sunday 22nd of April 2018 20:42 PM

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

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Posted by: simmons in Canada Bed Bugs on April 20th, 2018

Are you looking for a safe, easy and cheap way to help get rid of bed bugs? Diatomaceous Earth is your solution!

DE is nontoxic, safe to use and much cheaper than other bed bug alternatives!

What is Diatomaceous Earth?

Diatomaceous Earth is a naturally occurring mineral composed of the fossilized remains of diatoms, tiny micro-organisms that lived in large bodies of water. This clay is mined and crumbled into a fine powder which can be used for many purposes including the removal of bed bugs.

How Does Diatomaceous Earth Kill Bed Bugs?

Diatomaceous Earth is composed of fossilized microscopic diatoms which are very sharp to the insects outer body. When parasites and insects such as bed bugs come in contact with the DE it lacerates their exoskeletons and the powder of the DE then absorbs all of their bodily fluids, causing them to dehydrate and die!

How to Use Diatomaceous Earth for Bed Bugs

Apply a thin layer of Red Lake Earth Diatomaceous Earth to the infested area. Leave the dust on for a few days then simply vacuum or sweep up. Note: the amount of time that it takes the diatomaceous earth to kill the bed bugs depends on the extent of the infestation. Multiple applications may be required for a severe infestation.


Be sure to place the DE in cracks, crevices, and areas that the substance will not be disturbed, as you do not want to place it in an area where it may be turned up and result in inhalation of the product. It is important that when you are applying the dust you use a dust mask or respirator.

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How to Kill Bed Bugs with Diatomaceous Earth

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on April 15th, 2018

Merkem Pest Solutions, Changing Pest Control in Toronto

For pest control in Toronto, day or night, you can trust Merkem Pest Solutions. Merkem Pest Solutions is the smart new pest control company that quickly and effectively rids you of your pest problem with minimal effects on the environment and your busy schedule. Merkem Pest Solutions isnt like any of the other pest control companies Toronto has ever seen. Heres why:

If you have an insect infestation, youll want to take care of it right away. When you are overrun with bugs, its difficult to do anything in your home until the situation is resolved. Thats why Merkem Pest Solutions offers pest extermination in Toronto 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Call us, any time, day or night. Our capabilities allow us to respond, inspect and treat on the same day. On average, we can complete your pest control treatment in about an hour. No matter the size or type of your pest problem, call Merkem Pest Solutions as soon as possible, so you can get back to your pest free life.

In the past, typical exterminators were not overly concerned with the effect pesticides had on the environment. Merkem Pest Solutions has a different way of doing things. While any pesticide includes some risk, we work hard to ensure our high-quality formulations and careful applications reduce that risk as much as possible.

We take an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach. That means weve exhaustively tested pest control solutions to find the right combination of practices thats just right for you and your home or business.

When you call Merkem Pest Solutions, you get a team of trained and certified pest control specialists prepared to create a custom solution to your pest problem. Our commitment to customer service means you know exactly whats happening every step of the way, and we stand by our work with a 120-day service guarantee. We know cost is a factor when seeking pest control services, so we make sure you get the most cost-effective pest control treatment for your home or business.

Once youve used our services, the sense of relief youll feel about being pest-free is indescribable. If youre ready to deal with your unwanted pests the right way, we invite you to call us to schedule an inspection today. Well assess your pest problem and tell you exactly how we plan to fix it. Take care of your bothersome pests, the 21st century way: Call Merkem Pest Solutions now!

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Bed Bug Extermination and Insect Control | Merkem Pest …

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on March 29th, 2018

Pest Control in Toronto | Pest Control Services | Terminix

You can Stop Worrying About Pest Problems. Let us solve them. I Need Help With…AntsBed BugsBeetlesBirdsCockroachesFleasFliesMothsRodentsSpidersTermitesWaspsOther PestsBatsSquirrelsRaccoonsSkunksOpossumsSnakes

Terminix Canada is one of Ontarios largest and most-respected pest control companies. We specialize in commercial pest control in Toronto primarily property management but provide pest removal for our residential customers, too.

Locally operated, Terminix Canadas government-licensed pest exterminators in Toronto have safeguarded commercial businesses and residential homes throughout Ontario and Eastern Canada with effective pest control since 1997.

Regardless of how large or small your pest problem is, our team of pest exterminators in Toronto are knowledge and experienced problem solvers thatve tackled every infestation imaginable. From birds to bugs, we assess each situation individually, devising an environmentally-safe pest removal solution that leaves as small of a footprint as possible.

Scroll down to learn more about how our Toronto pest control team targets & exterminates the most common pests in Ontario!

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Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 23rd, 2018

Dear vbbb,

Actually, this is kinda-sorta like project work. You’re assigned to a task, in this case getting rid of bed bugs, and I don’t much care, within reason, how YOU accomplich this as long as no one or their property gets hurt.

We don’t want to see you on tonights tv news being interviewed on how you were getting rid of bed bugs in your apartment whilst a bollowing cloud of dark smoke continues to rise from what used to be the building in the background.

Now, what YOU do is fine for you however, where we an issue is advising the world, ok just this forum, that singel strength, double strength, triple strength or a zillion strength vinegar is going to kill their bed bugs and be the miracle cure nervanna that the world’s bed bug victims have been seeking since bfore recorded history, yet you found it in vinegar.

As per your anectodotal information above you’ve applied yet another “contact killer”. This is NOT the miracle cure for bed bug problems. We already have a long list of items that will result in the mortality of bed bugs when directly applied (i.e. contact killers).

Now, when your magic vinegar, or any other super duper bed bug product, can be:

> applied to a pourous potential bed bug harborage surface> allowed to dry leaving just a residual of the item applied> continue to kill bed bugs that are exposed to the dried residual treated surface> and do so in a similar manner and deliver the effective results as ddt, dursban, diazinon, bendiocarb and other such insecticide products did back in their “hey day”

Then, and only then, should you be shouting from the bed bug world mountain top that you have the next bed bug “silver bullet”.

The simple truth is you don’t and it’s not.

What you have is an interesting story about killing bed bugs before your very eyes with vinegar, ok double strength vinegar but vinegar nonetheless.

We appreciate you enthusiasm and willingness to share your success story however, we have concerns that extend beyond the boudries of your apartment. What of the person(s) who reads this and mistakenly think that all they need do is apply vinegar to solve or prevent their bed bug problem?

Vinegar is a contact only killer. So is alcohol, so is certain dishwashing liquid. And, guess what, some of these other contact killers won’t have your entire house smelling fresh as a summer’s eve or as if we just walked into a huge d-bag either.

Additionally, as DC also pointed out above, there is more to resolving bed bug infestations than simply killing those that are there “right now”. We also need to find the source of the infestation and continued exposure thereof such that we can attain a long term sustainable cure to our bed bug situation.

Note that you were correct in implementing the tape thing as this could serve to block bed bugs from emerging or traveling through from another infested location. In some situations where the LL is a dexter and won’t adopt a building wide viable program the only thing a resident can do is protect his/her own home.

And, this brings up another issue you mentioned above; how the Ll deals with the residents during a bed bug situation or crisis. We need to realize that the bed bugs are now property of the LL. This is so because at times after a period of failed efforts to eliminate the bed bugs we have seen where the resiodents simply leave the building. Guess who’s left with the bed bugs then; yup, the LL the bed bugs are now his.

If vinegar works well for you and you really like that smell and possible staining/discoloration that may result then, good for you.

However, I think it’s fair to say that the bed bug situation and eventual resolution is larger than the contents of what may be found within your double strength vinegar bottle.

As for me, I’ll take a salad with balsamic with my steak tonight thank you.

Hope this helps ! paul b.

See the original post here:
Double strength cleaning vinegar to kill bed bugs? Got …

Posted by: simmons in Toronto Bed Bugs on March 18th, 2018

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Once near extinction, bed bugs are back in full flight.

The number of bed bugs in urban areas has grown to epidemic proportions over the past few years. Today, bed bugs can be found almost anywhere that people are: hotels, apartments, dorm rooms, delivery vehicles, dry cleaners, jails, hospitals, churches, cruise ships, furniture rental stores, homes, everywhere!

What can you do about it?

The problem with bed bugs is that they are resistant to pesticides, and quickly develop immunities to traditional chemical bed bug pest control. Working with a pest removal company that has access to newer, advanced bed bug pest control is crucial when dealing with these bloodsuckers.

An informal survey of pest control operators conducted by an entomologist at the University of Massachusetts found that 68% of all bed bug infestations require three or more bed bug killers, 26% require two treatments, and just 6% require a single application. This means even the most potent bed bug killers offered by professionals are losing efficacy, and cannot kill bed bugs quite as easily!

Thats why Terminix Canadas bed bug exterminator offers an innovative heat treatment for bed bugs that doesnt rely on traditional chemicals.

Original post:
Bed Bug Heat Treatments | Kill Bed Bugs | Terminix Canada

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 13th, 2018

Bed bugs come in different varieties but are basically parasitic insects that are active at night time. Spread by crawling, they live in linen, clothing, and cracks in furniture.

What Are Bed Bugs

Part of the cimicid family, bed bugs are tiny bugs that feed on bats and other animals and human blood. There are different types and species, including barn swallow, Mexican chicken, and tropical bugs. The Mexican chicken bug, for example, feeds on fowl and birds and is usually found on farms. The tropical variety feeds on human blood and bats and is found in regions with temperate as well as tropical climate. A total of 92 different species have been identified.

Where Can Be Found

They can be found in sofas and other upholstered furniture, textiles, beds and bed frames, box springs, mattress covers, mattresses, etc. Other areas that can be infested include wallpaper cracks, dressers, carpet edges, and curtains. Buildings that are at risk of infestation include buses, trains, and other transportation vehicles, shelters, laundries, office buildings, theaters, and other high-traffic areas. About 2/3 of bed bugs, however, are concentrated in the bed area.

Bites and Signs

Common signs of bug bites include itching, swelling, and redness. They can be mistaken for skin problems, rash, and mosquito and flea bites. Treatment is usually not required. Some patients develop bacterial infections and are prescribed antibiotics. If allergic reaction occurs, doctors usually prescribe antihistamines or topical steroids. Some people use natural and home remedies such as water and soda paste, oatmeal baths, tea tree essential oil, patchouli oil, and cold compresses.

How to Eliminate Them

There are different ways and products to kill insects, including diatomaceous earth, neem oil, and thyme oil. Diatomaceous earth, for example, contains fossils of diatoms, which are miniature aquatic species. There are numerous applications in farming, skin care, food manufacturing, water filtering, etc. Diatomaceous earth is also used to kill parasites, insects, and viruses and to reduce the harmful effect of free radicals. Neem oil is also used to get rid of bed bugs in commercial settings and homes. Azadirachtin, the main ingredient of neem oil, repels more than 200 insect species and is low in toxicity. Washing, fabrics, upholstery, and other surfaces also help eliminate bed bugs. You may add essential oils for better results. Lemon oil, for example, is known to repel insects, including bed bugs. It is best to contact a professional service company, however. They have experience in treating infested areas and use professional products and solutions. Some companies use professional insecticides while others use natural or organic products. Professional insecticides are more effective in treating infested areas. If you choose this option, ask whether the products they use are safe to apply on upholstery, fabrics, and mattresses, especially if you have small children, pets, or known allergies.

It is a good idea to inspect framed pictures, bed frames, fabrics, and soft furnishings on a regular basis. Check for eggs, dead bedbugs, blood stains, and insects to avoid infestation. If you are a frequent traveler, you may want to keep your suitcases away from furniture and your bed area. Put your clothes in the drier for 20 30 minutes when returning from a trip or holiday.

Bed Bugs in Canada, Cases and Infested Areas

The most heavily infested areas in Canada include Ottawa, Vancouver, Winnipeg, and Toronto. Other cities that have bed bug problems include Calgary, Scarborough, Sudbury, Halifax, Edmonton, and St. Johns. The majority of cities with bug problems are located in Ontario (14 in total).

In fact, there is a bed bug registry that allows users to browse for sites with reported cases. Sites include both residential homes and commercial properties. Renters and travelers are welcome to report areas with cases and bug infestations, including libraries, movie theatres, hospitals, dormitories, hotels, apartments, and houses. Users, on the other hand, are free to browse by city and state, street address, and hotel name. Information is available for different cities in Canada, including Toronto, Vancouver, Saskatoon, Regina, and others. The registry also features resources, city maps, alerts, and other useful information.

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Bed Bugs in Canada Bed Bugs Info

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 10th, 2018

Bed bugs, or cimicidae, are small parasitic insects. The term usually refers to species that prefer to feed on human blood.

Early detection and treatment are critical to successful control. According to a survey, the most commonly infested places are the mattress (98.2%), boxspring (93.6%), as well as nearby carpets and baseboards (94.1%).[1] In fact, bed bugs thrive in areas where there is an adequate supply of available hosts, and plenty of cracks and harborages within 1.5 metres (4.9ft) of the host.[2]

Because treatments are required in sleeping areas and other sensitive locations, methods other than chemical pesticides are in demand. Treatments can be costly, laborious, time consuming, repetitive, and embarrassing, and may entail health risks.

Bed bug infestations spread easily in connecting units and have negative effects on psychological well-being and housing markets. In response, many areas have specific laws about responsibilities upon discovering a bed bug infestation, particularly in hotels and multi-family housing units, because an unprofessional level of response can have the effect of prolonging the invisible part of the infestation and spreading it to nearby units.

Common laws include responsibilities such as the following: Lessors must educate all lessees about bedbugs, lessee must immediately notify lessor in writing upon discovery of infestation, lessor must not intentionally lease infested unit, lessee must not intentionally introduce infested items, lessor must eradicate the infestation immediately every time it occurs at a professional level including all connecting units, and lessee must cooperate in the eradication process.[citation needed]

In a 2015 survey, reports of bed bug infestation in social media lowered the value of a hotel room to $38 for business travelers and $23 for leisure travelers.[3]

Mapped bed bug reports graphically illustrate how difficult it can be to eliminate bed bugs in densely populated areas where many people live in adjacent units like in New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.[4]

Though commonly used, the pesticide approach often requires multiple visits and may not always be effective due to pesticide resistance and dispersal of the bed bugs. According to a 2005 survey, only 6.1% of companies claim to be able to eliminate bed bugs in a single visit, while 62.6% claim to be able to control a problem in 23 visits.[1] Insecticide application may cause dispersal of bed bugs to neighbouring areas of a structure, spreading the infestation.[1]

Furthermore, the problem of insecticide resistance in bed bug populations increases their opportunity to spread. Studies of bed bug populations across the United States indicate that resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, which are used in the majority of bed bugs cases, is widespread.[1][5] Exterminators often require individuals to dispose of furniture and other infested materials. It is advisable to break or mark these infested items to prevent their being unintentionally recycled and furthering the spread of bed bugs.

The well-established resistance of bed bugs to DDT and pyrethroids has created a need for different and newer chemical approaches to the extermination of bed bugs. In 2008 a study was conducted on bed bug resistance to a variety of both old and new insecticides, with the following results, listed in order from most- to least-effective: -cyhalothrin, bifenthrin, carbaryl, imidacloprid, fipronil, permethrin, diazinon, spinosyn, dichlorvos, chlorfenapyr, and DDT.[6] Note that the first of these, -cyhalothrin, is itself a pyrethroid-based insecticide in the past it has been used principally for the treatment of cotton crops and so bed bugs have not developed a genetic resistance to it.

The German Federal Institut for Consumer Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine approved the following three agents for the treatment of bedbugs in 2000:

Up until the 1990s chlorpyrifos was used as an agent with longterm effect, but the EC biocide declaration 98/8 prohibited the use from August 2008 onward.[8]

Some manufacturers also offer fumigants containing sulfuryl fluoride.[9]

Non-residue methods of treatment such as steaming and vacuuming are preferable to the contamination of mattresses, pillows and bed covers with insecticides. The possible health effects of pesticides on people and pets ranging from allergic reactions to cancer have to be considered,[10] and acute neurotoxicity.[11][12][13] as well as the dispersal of bed bugs to neighbouring dwellings due to repellent effects of insecticides.

Bedbugs prefer to hide in and around the bed frame but it can still be a good idea to put a tight cotton cover on mattress and bedding to prevent access.

Bed bugs are developing resistance to various pesticides including DDT and organophosphates.[14][15] Some populations have developed a resistance to pyrethroid insecticides. Although now often ineffective, the resistance to pyrethroid allows for new chemicals that work in different ways to be investigated, so chemical management can continue to be one part in the resolving of bed bug infestations.[16] There is growing interest in both synthetic pyrethroid and the pyrrole insecticide, chlorfenapyr. Insect growth regulators, such as hydroprene (Gentrol), are also sometimes used.[17]

Populations in Arkansas have been found to be highly resistant to DDT, with an LD50 of more than 100,000 ppm.[18] DDT was seen to make bed bugs more active in studies conducted in Africa.[19]

Bed bug pesticide-resistance appears to be increasing dramatically. Bed bug populations sampled across the U.S. showed a tolerance for pyrethroids several thousand times greater than laboratory bed bugs.[20] New York City bed bugs have been found to be 264 times more resistant to deltamethrin than Florida bed bugs due to mutations and evolution.[21] Products developed in the mid 2010s combine neonicotinoids with pyrethroids, but according to a January 2016 survey published by the Journal of Medical Entomology, bed bug resistance in two major US cities now includes neonicotinoids.[22]

A population genetics study of bed bugs in the United States, Canada, and Australia using a mitochondrial DNA marker found high levels of genetic variation.[23] This suggests the studied bed bug populations did not undergo a genetic bottleneck as one would expect from insecticide control during the 1940s and 1950s, but instead, that populations may have been maintained on other hosts such as birds and bats. In contrast to the high amount of genetic variation observed with the mitochondrial DNA marker, no genetic variation in a nuclear RNA marker was observed. This suggests increased gene flow of previously isolated bed bug populations, and given the absence of barriers to gene flow, the spread of insecticide resistance may be rapid.

Isolation of humans is attempted with numerous devices and methods including zippered bed bug-proof mattress covers, bed-leg moat devices, and other barriers. However, even with isolated beds, bed bug infestations persist if the bed itself is not free of bed bugs, or if it is re-infested, which could happen quite easily.

It is convenient to place medium-sized belongings in sealed transparent plastic bags (such as plastic bags for freezing; larger models exist as well). Once closed, the tightness should be verified by pressing the bag and ensuring that air doesn’t exit. It is as well convenient to mark these sealed bags as ‘contaminated’/’decontaminated’.[citation needed]

Inorganic materials such as diatomaceous earth or silica gel may be used in conjunction with other methods to manage a bed bug infestation, provided they are used in a dry environment. Upon contact with such dust-like materials, the waxy outer layer of the insect’s exoskeleton is disrupted, which causes them to dehydrate.[24]

Food-grade diatomaceous earth has been widely used to combat infestations. However, it can take weeks to have a significant effect. Studies examined and compared diatomaceous earth and synthetically produced, pure amorphous (i.e. non-crystalline) silica, so-called silica gel. They investigated the use of these substances as a stand-alone treatment in real-life scenarios, and compared them to usual poisonous agents. They found that the effect of diatomaceous earth was surprisingly low when used in real-life scenarios, while the synthetic product was extremely effective and fast in killing bed bugs in such settings.[25][26]

Silica gel was also more effective than usual poisonous pesticides (particularly in cases with pesticide resistant bugs). When applied after being mixed with water and then sprayed, the outcome for silica gel was significantly lower, but still distinctly better than for the natural silica (used dry). Authors argued that the reason for the poor outcome for diatomaceous earth as a stand-alone treatment was multi-factorial. When tested in laboratory where the bed bugs had intensive, prolonged contact with diatomaceous earth and no access to a host, diatomaceous earth performed very well. Silica gel, on the other side, performed in vitro consistently well even if applied to bed bugs in extremely low doses and with very slight and short (often only seconds or few minutes) contact to the substance.[25][26]

Although occasionally applied as a safe indoor pesticide treatment for other insects, boric acid is ineffectual against bed bugs because bed bugs do not groom.[27]

A traditional Balkan method of trapping bed bugs is to spread bean leaves in infested areas. The trichomes (microscopic hooked hairs) on the leaves trap the bugs by piercing the tarsi joints of the bed bug’s arthropod legs. As a bug struggles to get free, it impales itself further on the bean leaf’s trichomes. The bed bugs and leaves then can be collected and destroyed.[28][29][30] Researchers are examining ways to reproduce this capability with artificial materials.[28][30]

Many claims have been made about essential oils killing bed bugs. However, they are unproven. The FTC is now filing a suit against companies making these claims about these oils, specifically about cedar, cinnamon, lemongrass, peppermint, and clove oils.[31]

Disposal of items from the contaminated area can reduce the population of bed bugs and unhatched eggs. Removal of items such as mattresses, box springs, couches etc. is costly and usually insufficient to eradicate infestation because of eggs and adults hiding in surrounding areas. If the entire infestation is not eliminated prior to bringing new or cleaned personal and household items back into a home, these items will likely become infested and require additional treatment.[32]

Treating clothing, shoes, linens, and other household items within the affected environment is difficult and frequently ineffective because of the difficulty of keeping cleaned items quarantined from infestation. Many bed bug exterminating specialists recommend removing personal and household items from the infested structure. Many metropolitan areas offer more effective treatments such as high-heat dryers and dry cleaning with PERC with the added benefit of the treated items remaining stored until the affected home’s bed bug infestation is eradicated.[32]

The improper disposal of infested furniture also facilitates the spread of bed bugs. Marking the discarded items as infested can help prevent infesting new areas. Bed bugs can go without feeding for 20 to 400 days, depending on temperature and humidity. Older stages of nymphs can survive longer without feeding than younger ones, and adults have survived without food for more than 400 days in the laboratory at low temperatures. Adults may live up to one year or more, and there can be up to four successive generations per year.[33]

Vacuuming helps with reducing bed bug infestations, but does not eliminate bed bugs hidden inside of materials. Also, unless the contents of the vacuum are emptied immediately after each use, bedbugs may crawl out through the vacuum’s hoses and re-establish themselves. Vacuuming with a large bristle attachment can also aid in removing hidden bugs as well.[citation needed]

Steam treatment can effectively kill all stages of bed bugs. To be effective, steam treatment must reach 150170 degrees Fahrenheit (65 – 75 degrees C) for a sustained period. Unfortunately, bed bugs hide in a diversity of places, making steam treatment very tedious, labour-intensive and time consuming. There is also the risk of the steam not penetrating materials enough to kill hidden bed bugs. The steam may also damage materials such as varnished wood, or cause mold from the moisture left behind. Effective treatment requires repeated and very thorough steaming of the mattress, box spring, bed frame, bed covers, pillows, not to mention other materials and objects within the infested room, such as carpets and curtains.

Infested clothes can be effectively treated by a high-temperature ironing with vapor. If performed meticulously, this method yields faster disinfection compared to high-temperature washing in a washing machine. However, attention should be paid in order to avoid bedbug escape from the ironed clothes.

For volumetric objects (e.g. pillow, blanket, sleeping bag, rug), boiling in a large saucepan for more than 10 minutes represents a reliable method. In this manner, the lethal temperatures propagate with certainty deep inside the object, which is not necessarily the case of a washing machine cleaning cycle.

For smaller objects, pouring boiling water from a kettle onto the object located in a basin may be enough to kill bed bugs and eggs.

Clothes dryers can be used for killing bed bugs in clothing and blankets. Infested clothes and bedding are first washed in hot water with laundry detergent then placed in the dryer for at least 20 minutes at high heat.[34] However, this does not eliminate bed bugs in the mattress, bed frame and surrounding environment. Sterilized fabrics from the dryer are thus easily re-infested. Continually treating materials in this fashion is labour-intensive, and in itself does not eliminate the infestation.

Placing belongings in a hot box, a device that provides sustained heat at temperatures that kills bedbugs, larvae, and eggs, but that does not damage clothing, is an option. Pest control companies often rent the devices at nominal cost and it may make sense for frequent travelers to invest in one.[citation needed]

This method of bed bug control involves raising room temperatures to or above the killing temperature for bed bugs, which is around 45C (113F).[35] Heat treatments are generally carried out by professionals, and may be performed in a single area or an entire building. Heat treatment is generally considered to be the best method of eradication because it is capable of destroying an entire infestation with a single treatment.

HEPA air filtration is normally used during any heat treatment to capture particulate and biological matter that may be aerosolized during the heating process.

Bed bugs can be killed by a direct one-hour exposure to temperatures of 16C (3F), however, bed bugs have the capacity for rapid cold hardening, i.e. an hour-long exposure to 0C (32F) improved their subsequent tolerance of 14 to 16C (7 to 3F),[36] so this may need to be maintained for longer. Freezer temperatures at or below 16C (3F) should be sufficient to eliminate bed bugs and can be used to decontaminate household objects. This temperature range should be effective at killing eggs as well as all stages of bugs.[37] Higher temperatures however are not effective, and survival is estimated for temperatures above 12C (10F) even after 1 week of continuous exposure.[37]

This method requires a freezer capable of maintaining, and set to, a temperature below 16C (3F). Most home freezers are capable of maintaining this temperature.

Preliminary research has shown the fungus Beauveria bassiana, which has been used for years as an outdoor organic pesticide, is also highly effective at eliminating bed bugs exposed to cotton fabric sprayed with fungus spores. It is also effective against bed bug colonies due to the spores carried by infected bugs back to their harborages. Unlike typical insecticides, exposure to the fungus does not kill instantly, but kills bugs within five days of exposure. Some people, especially those with compromised immune systems, may react negatively to the concentrated presence of the fungus directly following an application.[38]

Early research shows that the common drug taken to get rid of parasitic worms, ivermectin (Stromectol), also kills bed bugs when taken by humans at normal doses. The drug enters the human bloodstream and if the bedbugs bite during that time, the bedbug will die in a few days. Stromectol is also effective against mosquitoes, which can be useful controlling malaria.[39]

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Bed bug control techniques – Wikipedia

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on March 7th, 2018

Bed bugs are a common but serious issue for homeowners. These small, brown insects cannot jump or fly. Knowing the signs of bed bugs is the first step in finding and removing these pests.

Bed bugs usually stay close to the feeding areas so look for bed bugs in the areas where they congregate including along mattress seams, in the frames of beds or the headboards, behind baseboards and under carpet edges. Bed bugs can also hide behind pictures, door and window casings, loose wallpaper and any cracks.

View How to do a Bed Bug Room Inspection video.

Infestations tend to happen quickly and with little warning, so early signs of bed bugs often point to future problems. The insects stay hidden during the day and come out to feed at night. As a result, residents may miss early bed bug problems until pest populations are already hard to manage.

Bed bugs can hide just about anywhere; this is what can makedetecting bed bugs can be so difficult. Typical hiding places are mattress seams, behind pictures, box springs, in curtains, behind headboards, in sofas, behind baseboards, bed frames, along carpet edges and night stands.

Bed bugs are not just in beds although they usually hide within 3 to 6 feet of their feeding area.

You should regularly inspect all sheets and pillowcases for small brown blood stains (fecal spots) and inspect the seams and folds of mattresses for live insects and bloodstains.

Bed bugs usually stay close to the feeding areas so look in the areas where they congregate including along mattress seams, in the frames of beds or the headboards, behind baseboards and under carpet edges.

Bed bugs can also hide behind pictures, door and window casings, loose wallpaper and any cracks.Residents should inspect bedding, mattresses, cushions, and furniture after finding early signs of bed bugs.

Bed bugs typically hide during in the daytime, so it can often be very difficult to spot them. If you dont see the actual bed bugs look for tiny, rust-coloured stains that they leave behind on mattress tags and seams, ceilings, under seat cushions and behind headboards.

Keep an eye out for potential hiding places, such as buckling wallpaper or carpet, and conditions that can attract bed bugs like excessive heat or moisture.

Some additional symptoms of bed bug infestations include:

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Signs of Bed Bugs: How to Detect Bed Bugs –

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on February 20th, 2018

What Are Bed Bugs?Bed Bug FactsIdentification

Bedbugs are small, nocturnal, wingless insects belonging to the insect family of Cimicidae. They feed on humans and other warm blooded animals. They are an oval shape and are up to 4-5 mm long when fully grown. Adult bed bugs have a flattened body and their skin colour is either rust brown or a deeper red brown. Nymph bed bugs are clear or a yellowish colour and are generally 1-4mm long. Bed bugs have two antennae and six legs. Read more on what a bed bug looks like.

Bed bugs have been known to travel over 20 feet from hiding in order to feed butwill generally hide within 3-6 feet of their host.

Due to the flattened body of a bed bug they can easily hide in small places such as baseboards, cracks in floors, under carpets, behind loose wallpaper, bed frames, sofas, behind picture frames and many other places which makes them very difficult to detect. They tend to stay together and large infestations will give off a sweet but unpleasant smell.

Read more about the bed bug life stages

The combination of re-introduction, increased international travel and the fact that pest control professionals no longer use older pesticides (such as DDT, Chlordane and Lindane) means that bed bugs have been able to stage a resurgence and become a very serious pest in the 21st century. They have a unique ability to hide and due to their ability to spread, new inspection and control methods must be far more thorough and extensive than with many other pests.

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that live near their hosts. Since they feed on humans (their hosts) their habitats include houses, hotels or any property that we frequent. All they require is a protected area in close proximity to a feeding source. Bed bugs bite people when they are sleeping usually on exposed skin. When looking for a meal bed bugs can move very quickly to feed and then back into hiding after their meal. Unless you know specifically how to look for bed bugs these pests can be easily overlooked.

Bed bug bites can also go unnoticed, and are even often misdiagnosed, making detection that much more difficult.

Bed bugs do not cling to people but they can accidentally get caught up in our belongings (i.e. suitcase, purse, laptop bags). From there they can move from their current home into new ones in homes, hotels, offices, hospitals, or any other building as well as modes of transportation. Sanitation and cleanliness of a property is not an issue as bed bugs are notorious hitch hikers and can show up almost anywhere.

Even the cleanest of places can fall victim to bed bugs and once inside they spread rapidly. Bed bugs are great hitch hikers and easily travel from place to place in someones personal belongings or luggage.

Bed bugs do not pose any health risks from communicable diseases but their saliva does contain proteins that can leave itchy red welts on some people.

If you suspect bed bugs, or want to be proactive, look for live or dead bugs or the skins they can leave behind when they are molting. After feeding bed bugs will regularly leave behind small spots of reddish-black fecal matter on your bedding, mattress or box springs. They will lay their eggs (1/32 to 1/8 in size) in dark crevices near feeding areas. Learn more about bed bug signs in your home.

Bed bugs are not limited to any one particular kind of dwelling. They have been found in houses, multi-family dwellings, apartments, hotels, airplanes and hospitals. Sanitation or cleanliness is not an issue in where you can find bed bugs.

Bed bugs never really left. They are common in many nations around the world. We are seeing a resurgence in North America for several reasons including a reduced use of pesticides, the use of second hand furniture and increased international travel as bed bugs are notorious hitch hikers.

Bed bugs do not cling to people but they arenotorious hitch hikers andcan hide in our belongings (i.e. suitcase, purse, laptop bags). From there they can be introduced into a home, hotel, office, hospital, or any other building as well as modes of transportation. Sanitation is not a factor in whether or not you get bed bugs.

Once established, bed bugs tend to stay put but can spread due to any of the following;

QUESTION:True or false: bed bugs are only found in dirty places.

ANSWER:False. Cleanliness of a property is not an issue as bed bugs are notorious hitch hikers and can show up almost anywhere. Even the cleanest of places can fall victim to bed bugs and once inside they spread rapidly.

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Bed Bug Facts & Pest Information: How Do You Get Bed Bugs?

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on January 14th, 2018

How Bed Bugs Get Inside

Bed bugs are insects that are often introduced into homes via infested belongings such as luggage or second-hand furniture. Since these pests bite, homeowners with bed bugs usually want a quick and easy fix to get rid of them.

Unfortunately, these tough pests are able to breed quickly, hide well, and survive all but the most extreme conditions.

Putting infested objects like clothes or bedding in a freezer can help get rid of the bed bugs, but each item should be placed in a plastic bag prior to freezing.

Keep the temperature at -19 degrees Celsius for about four days in order to be effective. Even then, some bed bugs may live through the freezing process.


Keep in mind that putting some items into the cold may damage them. Freezing is also best for small items, not whole-house control. For mattresses, furniture, and other belongings, homeowners will need to explore other control methods.

Residents should not attempt to freeze bed bugs by turning off the heat or opening the windows in their homes during cool weather. This tactic does not work and can lead to burst pipes and structural damage.

Some pest professionals use heat or freezing treatments to control bed bugs, but these methods require special equipment, training and skills. As a result, freezing can kill bed bugs but is not the most practical approach for residents to attempt themselves.

A call to the bed bug experts at Orkin Canada is the best option to remove bed bug infestations.

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Freezing Bed Bugs: Does the Cold Kill Them? –

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