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  Toronto Bed Bug Registry Maps
  Monday 24th of September 2018 21:46 PM

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Latest Bed Bug Incidents and Infestations

We cannot vouch for the truthfulness of any report on this site. If you feel a location has been reported in error, or want to dispute a report, please contact us.

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Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on September 22nd, 2018

TheToronto Dermatology Centreis one of the premiere places in Canada to manage your skin. Our staff of outstanding dermatologists can offer both a comprehensive assessment and diagnosis of your skin, and also discuss all the treatment options for getting rid of these pesky critters.

Bed bugs are insects that, as adults, have oval-shaped bodies with no wings. Prior to feeding, they are about 1/4 inch long and flat as paper. After feeding, they turn dark red and become bloated. Eggs of bed bugs are whitish, pear-shaped and about the size of a pinhead. Clusters of 10-50 eggs can be found in cracks and crevices. Bed bugs have a one-year life span during which time a female can lay 200-400 eggs depending on food supply and temperature. Eggs hatch in about 10 days.

Bed bugs prefer to feed on human blood, but will also bite mammals and birds. Bed bugs bite at night, and will bite all over a human body, especially around the face, neck, upper torso, arms and hands. Bed bugs can survive up to six months without feeding. Both male and female bed bugs bite.

There are no known cases of infectious disease transmitted by bed bug bites. Most people are not aware that they have been bitten but some people are more sensitive to the bite and may have a localized reaction. Scratching the bitten areas is one of the bed bug symptoms; it can lead to infection.

Bed bugs are often carried into a home on objects such as furniture and clothing. If you think you have a bed bug problem, check for live bed bugs or shells in the following areas:

Bed bugs can also travel from apartment to apartment along pipes, electrical wiring and other openings. If the infestation of bed bugs is heavy, a sweet smell may be noticed in the room.

The best method to get rid of bed bugs is Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which combines a variety of techniques and products that pose the least risk to human health and the environment.

If you choose to treat the infestation with an insecticide, call a Professional Pest Control Service for more information. Use the least toxic product available and follow all manufacturers instructions.

Whether you choose Integrated Pest Management or insecticides, you may continue to see some living bed bugs for up to ten days. This is normal. If you continue to see a large number of bed bugs after two weeks, contact a professional pest control service.

When bed bugs bite people, they inject their saliva into the biting area, causing the skin to become irritated and inflamed. Individual responses to bed bug bites will vary. The skin lesion from bed bug bites may go unnoticed, or be mistaken for flea or mosquito bites or other skin conditions.

The most common rash is made up of localized red and itchy flat lesions. The classical bed bug bites could be presented in a linear fashion in a group of three, which is called breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

Bed bug bites most commonly occur on exposed areas of the body, including face, neck, hands, arms, lower legs or all over the body.

Most bed bug bites go away by themselves and dont need treatment. Keep the skin clean and try not to scratch. If the bites are very itchy, your doctor will often prescribe a steroid cream or antihistamines to relieve the itchiness. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed for any secondary skin infection from excessive scratching.

For more information in the Toronto area:

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Bed bugs – Toronto Dermatology Centre

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on August 25th, 2018

Getting Bed Bugs Out of Your Clothes

If youve been on vacation, only to discover that you stayed in a hotel room or hostel infested with bed bugs, you need to get rid of the bed bugs before you get home and curl up in your own bed that youve missed so much. And if its your home that has become infested, you need to find a way to kill bed bugs in your clothing and personal items, and then keep them clean.

If you arent going to be going home for a while, find a laundromat. Otherwise, head home and place all of the affected items in your garage or driveway. If you dont have either of those, use your porch (move welcome mats and anything else out of the way). Get some trash bags, and bag up everything. Toiletries, electronics, and other items that cant be washed will have to wait. If youre away from home and are going to have to get back in your car, carefully check over the interior of the car, carefully. Use a flashlight.

First of all, deal with your clothes. If youre at a laundromat, keep your items as far away from the belongings of others. You dont want to spread the love to others. Wash all of your clothes on hot. After theyre washed, transfer them to a dryer, and dry them on the highest heat available. Every time you empty a bag of dirty, contaminated clothes, knot the bag up and throw it away. Once clothes come out of the dryer, you need to avoid having them come in contact with anything that hasnt yet been cleaned. If your house is not contaminated, take the clean clothes into your house. If youre away from home, or your house is infested, bag them up in a fresh trash bag. Tie it shut, and label the bag as being clean (or use trash bags of a different color than the ones holding the contaminated laundry). If your home is infested, then youre going to be living out of trash bags for a while. It isnt fun, but you dont want to rid your home of bed bugs, only to find out that they used your dresser as a bomb shelter to hole up in.

If you have clothes that are fragile, well hope and pray that they can tolerate a bit of abuse. Some people have reported success with washing and drying them according to the label, while carefully avoiding contaminating other items, and only then throwing them on the dryer for 30 minutes on high heat. Ultimately, its up to you. You can also try dry cleaning your fragile clothes, use the method for unwashable items described below, or just throw them away. Please note, if you throw away any clothing, bag it up first. You may want to write BED BUGS on the side of the bag, if its common for people in your neighborhood to go through trash cans. Please dont donate your clothing to a Salvation Army, Goodwill, or other donation center. They dont have the means to deal with bed bug-infected clothing, and you will only cause the problem to spread.

Now, its time to deal with your other, unwashable belongings. Simply doing a visual inspection isnt adequate, as bed bugs can hide in laptops, electric razors, and alarm clocks. When youve gone to all the trouble of dealing with your clothing, you dont want to chance it and end up with thousands of hungry little six-legged friends. If you live in a sunny area, you can place all of the infected items into sealed plastic containers, and set them out in the sun for the day. Bed bugs cant tolerate temperatures of more than 115 degrees for more than a few minutes. Leaving the container in the sun for several hours will ensure that no cool pockets exist that can harbor survivors.

If you have a chest freezer, you have the option of freezing your items instead (please dont do this with electronics that have LCD screens, and other similarly fragile products that can be damaged by moisture or cold). Bed bugs can survive temperatures of 0 degrees Fahrenheit for more than three days. Use a thermometer to make sure that your freezer can reach temperatures equal to or below 0F, otherwise bed bugs or their eggs may survive. If you go the freezing route, youre going to want to leave your items in the freezer for about five days, if not longer. You want to give yourself some wiggle room, as some items may take several hours to drop to the freezers temperature. Try not to open the freezer while your bed bugged items are in it, as this may raise temperatures just enough for bed bugs to recover, and thus be able to ride out the last couple days of their winter vacation.

Once your debugged items are removed from the freezer, make sure that they are not placed anywhere near contaminated items. If your household is infested with bed bugs and is currently being treated, store the cleaned items at a friends or relatives house, or keep them in sealed containers or knotted trash bags placed in a clear, uncluttered space.

Removing Bed Bugs from Clothing and Other Items – Bon …

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on July 22nd, 2018

Instead of using toxins to kill bed bugs, our bed bug heat treatment takes advantage of bed bugs’ one true weakness – their inability to stand extreme temperatures – getting rid of bed bugs by overloading them with steady heat. Best of all, it does this without adversely affecting your home or belongings, since the temperature required to kill bed bugs is relatively low to humans.

There is considerable documentation citing the temperature and time correlations necessary to kill bed bugs and their eggs. Several sources report that adults and nymphs die within 15 minutes at temperatures greater than 113F, and eggs within an hour at the same temperature. Raising room temperatures above the bed bug thermal death point and maintaining that temperature for several hours can eliminate an entire bedbug infestation in one fell swoop, without necessitating the use of dangerous chemicals.

The temperature required to kill bed bugs and their eggs falls well within the temperature ranges achieved by our heat treatment for bed bugs.

The low thermal death point of bed bugs allows a Terminix bed bug exterminator to adapt our process to yout building and its contents, while still effectively killing bed bugs onsite. Unlike pesticides, bed bug heat treatments penetrate furniture and crevices, and kill bed bugs where they reside. Our process forces heat into beds, bedding, mattresses, furniture, electronics, and wall cavities, leaving no place for bed bugs to run – a true bed bug killer.

Since our bed bug heat treatments kill entire bed bug infestations, including eggs and bed bugs concealed in furniture and mattresses, a single bed bug killer treatment can render additional bed bug extermination visits unnecessary, saving you time and money.

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Heat Treatment for Bed Bugs | Kill Bed Bugs | Terminix Canada

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Toronto Bed Bugs on June 30th, 2018

Bed bugs are small biting insects that multiply quickly. Bed bugs range in size from approximately 1.5 mm to 10 mm long. They are tiny, oval-shaped insects that do not have wings, and may have an appearance similar to an apple seed. Bed bugs typically bite at night, and often bite around a persons face, neck, upper torso, arms, and hands.View the fact sheet below or this web page for more information on bed bugs.

At this time, there have been no known cases of bed bugs spreading disease to humans. Although bed bugs do not affect physical health, having bed bugs can be a source of stress and impact mental health and wellness.

Bed bugs feed on human blood, and usually bite the face, neck, body, or arms. Although bed bugs are not known to transmit any disease, they may leave small red bite marks, often lasting 3-4 days. Bed bugs can typically be found in the following areas:

Take the following steps:

Queens Printer for Ontario, 2011

Queens Printer for Ontario, 2011

Take the following steps:

Take the following steps:

The Middlesex-London Health Unit works with the City of London to follow up bed bug infestations in rental units. The City of London Property Standards By-law CP-16 (PDF 191KB) says that all buildings must be kept free from pests,1 and this is supported through by-law enforcement. However, the Health Unit can play an important role in the first stages of a bed bug infestation. When a bed bug infestation is discovered, the Health Unit can work with a tenant and landlord to fix the problem before enforcement by the City of London is needed.In Middlesex County, residents should contact their municipal office to inquire about local by-laws.

To speak to a Public Health Inspector on the Environmental Health Team about bed bugs, to request information in other languages, or to ask for help with a bed bug infestation, please call:

Date of creation: January 4, 2013Last modified on: October 10, 2017

2Government of Ontario. (2011, March). Bed bugs fact sheet. Toronto, ON: Queens Printer for Ontario.

3Government of Ontario. (2011, March). Myths. Toronto, ON: Queens Printer for Ontario.

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Bed Bugs Middlesex-London Health Unit

Posted by: simmons in Toronto Bed Bugs on June 20th, 2018

About Toronto Bugs

Cary Title, the owner of Toronto Bugs, is a master of Toronto Bed Bug Heat Treatment. Furthermore, Cary has been thermally heating houses, apartments & businesses with great success in Toronto for over 10 years. Until the beginning of his career in the pest control industry, he was unaware of the prevalence of bed bugs in our city. When Cary had his own Bed Bug infestation he realized action must be taken. Cary made the decision to apply his innate talent for innovation & engineering to the industry by creating:

Highly Successful, Eco-Friendly andEfficient Heat-Treatment methods used throughout Toronto today.

Toronto Bugs kills Bed Bugs, period. Our One Day, Bed Bug Heat Treatment covers Toronto and the GTA or Greater Toronto Area. Furthermore, a Toronto Bugs specialist will walk you through every step of the process. In addition, Toronto Bugs provides unmatched Heat Treatments specializing in the extermination of Bed Bugs and other insects. Also, the same Bed Bugs Heat Treatment will be used to kill roaches, ants and other pests. Our Site Manager will guide you the whole way.

Bed Bugs Toronto Heat Treatment is considered the foremost form of killing Bed Bugs. Bed Bugs have built chemical resistance over a long period of time. Therefore many service companies have recently turned to Bed Bug Heat Treatment. Toronto Bugs is one of the founders of Bed Bugs Toronto Heat Treatment. Chemicals are known to take many treatments and are still often not effective. Furthermore the treatments will be harmful to your health. Toronto Bed Bugs Heat Treatment is non-harmful and Environmentally Friendly. Heat treatments will kill bugs at any stage of their life cycle. Toronto Bugs knows how to deal with Bed Bugs and Guarantees it.

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Posted by: simmons in Canada Bed Bugs on June 3rd, 2018

Bedbugs were once a common public health pest worldwide, which declined in incidence through the mid 20th century. Recently however, bed bugs have undergone a dramatic resurgence and worldwide there are reports of increasing numbers of infestations. Bed bugs are one of the great travelers of the world and are readily transported via luggage, clothing, bedding and furniture. As such, they have a worldwide distribution.

Some Basic Facts:

Video:Everything you need to know about bed bugs

Bed Bug Bites

Symptoms of a Bed Bug InfestationMost bug bug problems are not detected until someone has been bitten. The bite is painless. The salivary fluid injected by bed bugs typically causes the skin to become irritated and inflamed, although individuals can differ in their sensitivity. A small, hard, swollen, white welt may develop at the site of each bite. This is accompanied by severe itching that lasts for several hours to days.A bed bug infestation can be recognized by blood stains from crushed bugs or by rusty (sometimes dark) spots of excrement on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls. Fecal spots, eggshells, and shed skins may be found in the vicinity of their hiding places. An offensive, sweet, musty odor from their scent glands may be detected when bed bug infestations are severe.

Hiding PlacesBed bugs can live in almost any crevice or protected location. They will usually stay close to their food source (blood) but can rapidly spread through a multiple residence building, hotel or other accommodations. The most common place to find them is the bed. Bed bugs often hide within seams, tufts, and crevices of the mattress, box spring, bed frame and headboard.

Finding Bed BugsSome Bed bug symptoms are not obvious to the untrained eye. A thorough inspection requires dismantling the bed and standing the components on edge. Things to look for are the bugs themselves, and the light-brown, molted skins of the nymphs. Dark spots of dried bed bug excrement are often present along mattress seams or wherever the bugs have resided. Oftentimes the gauze fabric underlying the box spring must be removed to gain access for inspection and possible treatment. Successful treatment of mattresses and box springs is difficult, however, and infested components may need to be discarded. Cracks and crevices of bed frames should be examined, especially if the frame is wood. (Bed bugs have an affinity for wood and fabric more so than metal or plastic). Headboards secured to walls should also be removed and inspected. In hotels and motels, the area behind the headboard is often the first place that the bugs become established. Bed bugs also hide among items stored under beds.

Nightstands and dressers should be emptied and examined inside and out, then tipped over to inspect the woodwork underneath. Oftentimes the bugs will be hiding in cracks, corners, and recesses.Upholstered chairs and sofas should be checked, especially seams, tufts, skirts, and crevices beneath cushions. Sofas can be major bed bug hotspots when used for sleeping.

Other common places to find bed bugs include: along and under the edge of wall-to-wall carpeting (especially behind beds and furniture); cracks in wood molding; ceiling-wall junctures; behind wall-mounts, picture frames, switch plates and outlets; under loose wallpaper; amongst clothing stored in closets; and inside clocks, phones, televisions and smoke detectors.

The challenge is to find and treat all places where bugs and eggs may be present. Bed bugs tend to congregate in certain areas, but it is common to find an individual or some eggs scattered here and there. Persistence and a bright flashlight are requisites for success. Professional Inspectors sometimes also inject a pyrethrum-based, flushing agent into crevices to help reveal where bugs may be hiding. A thorough treatment of a home, hotel, or apartment may take several hours or days.

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Posted by: simmons in Toronto Bed Bugs on May 29th, 2018

What Are Bed Bugs & What Makes Them Unique

Bed bugs are tiny and oval shaped and they are generally flat. They are insects that suck blood and infest areas where humans and other animals sleep. Bed bug infestations are not always the result of having a dirty home because bed bugs can find their way into your home even if all the necessary precautions have been taken. Once they do get in, they can multiply quickly and become a problem to the lives and welfare of everyone inside the residence or workplace. Although Canada generally only has an issue with one species of bed bugs, they like to live in a variety of places like houses, condos, apartments, motels and hotels as well as barns and in a variety of other buildings where warm-blooded animals live.

Although bed bugs are rare in Ontario, there have been cases where bedbugs associated with bats and swallows have been discovered. These insects are nocturnal feeders that suck on blood when the victim is tight asleep. In dim lighting conditions, they will feed during the day only if they are extremely hungry, which is very unlikely since they get enough blood while humans sleep. An anticoagulant is injected by these pests to prevent clotting. This makes the skin inflamed with welts developing and itching as a result. These insects molt at various stages in their lives. The discarded exoskeletons are clear. Bedbugs molt five times before reaching adulthood.

Bed Bugs Toronto – Affordable Bed Bugs Exterminator …

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on May 20th, 2018

Running a pest control business in Canada sounds like a great idea, the main reason being demand. Additional benefits include low marketing costs and start-up costs and a pest-free environment for customers.


The main challenge that pest control businesses face is the fact that summer is the time when rodents, bugs, and other pests come out. Summer is a busy season but you will have less work in winter, spring, and autumn. Thus fluctuating cash flows and profits are the main problem due to the seasonal character of a pest control business.

Regulations, Licenses, and Permits

The main acts and regulations in Canada are the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act, Pest Control Products Act, and others. Depending on the province or territory and activity, businesses are required to obtain different licenses and permits such as pesticide permits, vendor license, operator license, etc. In Ontario, for example, businesses that apply and sell pesticides need a license while those that use high-risk pesticides need a permit. There are different types of exterminator licenses as well, including water, land, and structural exterminator licenses. The license is valid for a period of five years. Business owners are asked to submit an application, along with the application fee, proof of pesticide certification, and employment information.

Develop a Business Plan

A business plan helps obtain external financing at competitive interest rates, especially if you have very good or stellar credit. It is a good idea to include a list of services such as advisory and consultancy services, building maintenance and lawn care, insect and rodent control and extermination, bird proofing, and termite control. Other services include pest and mosquito control and eradication and fumigating. Make sure you include separate sections on your business structure, mission statement, potential customers, and target market. Customers that use pest control services include corporations, camp grounds, farms, local communities, kids playgrounds, boarding houses, parks, commercial farmers, and households, among others.


Funding can come from different sources, including credit unions and banks, finance companies, peer to peer lenders, credit card companies, government-backed loans, and more ( Many business owners apply for government funding under the Canada Small Business Financing Program ( Loans can be used for eligible assets such as equipment (tools, instruments, machinery, etc.), leasehold improvements, immovable or real property, and registration fees up to 2 percent. Funding cannot be used to cover things like inventory, working capital, or franchise fees. A government loan can be used to cover website and software development, decontamination costs, and equipment improvement, including installation, modernization, renovation, and construction. In addition to CSBF, unions and banks offer mortgage and loan financing to start-ups and companies operating in Canada ( Religious entities and enterprises, farms, and non-for-profits usually do not qualify. Many financial institutions require personal guarantee as a guarantee of on-time loan repayment. There are other ways to secure additional financing, including business lines of credit and credit cards. A business line of credit, for example, is a good choice to access and withdraw funds at any time. Money can be used for inventory and supplies, to take advantage of trade discounts, or anything else. Lastly, business credit cards go with larger limits compared to personal cards and benefits such as complimentary welcome bonuses, concierge, airmiles, travel and flight discounts, and a lot more.

Bed bugs come in different varieties but are basically parasitic insects that are active at night time. Spread by crawling, they live in linen, clothing, and cracks in furniture.

What Are Bed Bugs

Part of the cimicid family, bed bugs are tiny bugs that feed on bats and other animals and human blood. There are different types and species, including barn swallow, Mexican chicken, and tropical bugs. The Mexican chicken bug, for example, feeds on fowl and birds and is usually found on farms. The tropical variety feeds on human blood and bats and is found in regions with temperate as well as tropical climate. A total of 92 different species have been identified.

Where Can Be Found

They can be found in sofas and other upholstered furniture, textiles, beds and bed frames, box springs, mattress covers, mattresses, etc. Other areas that can be infested include wallpaper cracks, dressers, carpet edges, and curtains. Buildings that are at risk of infestation include buses, trains, and other transportation vehicles, shelters, laundries, office buildings, theaters, and other high-traffic areas. About 2/3 of bed bugs, however, are concentrated in the bed area.

Bites and Signs

Common signs of bug bites include itching, swelling, and redness. They can be mistaken for skin problems, rash, and mosquito and flea bites. Treatment is usually not required. Some patients develop bacterial infections and are prescribed antibiotics. If allergic reaction occurs, doctors usually prescribe antihistamines or topical steroids. Some people use natural and home remedies such as water and soda paste, oatmeal baths, tea tree essential oil, patchouli oil, and cold compresses.

How to Eliminate Them

There are different ways and products to kill insects, including diatomaceous earth, neem oil, and thyme oil. Diatomaceous earth, for example, contains fossils of diatoms, which are miniature aquatic species. There are numerous applications in farming, skin care, food manufacturing, water filtering, etc. Diatomaceous earth is also used to kill parasites, insects, and viruses and to reduce the harmful effect of free radicals. Neem oil is also used to get rid of bed bugs in commercial settings and homes. Azadirachtin, the main ingredient of neem oil, repels more than 200 insect species and is low in toxicity. Washing, fabrics, upholstery, and other surfaces also help eliminate bed bugs. You may add essential oils for better results. Lemon oil, for example, is known to repel insects, including bed bugs. It is best to contact a professional service company, however. They have experience in treating infested areas and use professional products and solutions. Some companies use professional insecticides while others use natural or organic products. Professional insecticides are more effective in treating infested areas. If you choose this option, ask whether the products they use are safe to apply on upholstery, fabrics, and mattresses, especially if you have small children, pets, or known allergies.

It is a good idea to inspect framed pictures, bed frames, fabrics, and soft furnishings on a regular basis. Check for eggs, dead bedbugs, blood stains, and insects to avoid infestation. If you are a frequent traveler, you may want to keep your suitcases away from furniture and your bed area. Put your clothes in the drier for 20 30 minutes when returning from a trip or holiday.

Bed Bugs in Canada, Cases and Infested Areas

The most heavily infested areas in Canada include Ottawa, Vancouver, Winnipeg, and Toronto. Other cities that have bed bug problems include Calgary, Scarborough, Sudbury, Halifax, Edmonton, and St. Johns. The majority of cities with bug problems are located in Ontario (14 in total).

In fact, there is a bed bug registry that allows users to browse for sites with reported cases. Sites include both residential homes and commercial properties. Renters and travelers are welcome to report areas with cases and bug infestations, including libraries, movie theatres, hospitals, dormitories, hotels, apartments, and houses. Users, on the other hand, are free to browse by city and state, street address, and hotel name. Information is available for different cities in Canada, including Toronto, Vancouver, Saskatoon, Regina, and others. The registry also features resources, city maps, alerts, and other useful information.

Bed Bugs Info Pest Control

Posted by: simmons in Canada Bed Bugs on May 19th, 2018

What Are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are small parasitic insects that feed on human blood. After spending the day in hiding, bed bugs come from their hiding places at night to feed.

No one knows exactly where bed bugs come from originally, but today they are found all over the world. The origin of modern bed bugs in Canada can be traced back to other parts of the world where they were never eradicated by the pesticide DDT, as they almost were in North America.

Bed bugs were then brought to Canada from these other places as a result of globalization and increased levels of international travel.

Often, bed bug problems start when people bring home already-infested items, such as:

In multi-unit buildings, bed bugs can travel between walls from infested units to adjacent units through voids, outlets, and cracks.

It is impossible to completely prevent introducing bed bugs into a home; however, there are a few things that homeowners can do to reduce the chances of introduction and an infestation:

Washing bedding or clothing in hot water and drying on high heat kills all stages of bed bugs. Protective bed bug resistant mattress and box spring covers make it easy to spot and contain infestations and help prevent future ones.

The most effective way to control bed bugs is to let the specialists at Orkin Canada deal with any infestations.

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Where Do Bed Bugs Come From? Origin of Bed Bugs in Canada

Posted by: Mr Bed Bug in Canada Bed Bugs on May 12th, 2018

In this Article In this Article In this Article

Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.

Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.

Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity and require a meal of blood before each shedding. Under favorable conditions the bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and produce three or more generations per year.

Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.

Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items. Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees, but tend to live in groups in hiding places. Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.

Over time, however, they may scatter through the bedroom, moving into any crevice or protected location. They may also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bedbugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.

If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you got a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites started. Other signs that you have bedbugs include:

If you suspect an infestation, remove all bedding and check it carefully for signs of the bugs or their excrement. Remove the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs and examine the seams in the wood framing. Peel back the fabric where it is stapled to the wood frame.

Also, check the area around the bed, including inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet, and even in electrical outlets. Check your closet, because bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who will know what to look for.

If you find signs of infestation, begin steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent their return.

Getting rid of bedbugs begins with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should include the following:

If your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and get a new one, but take care to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs or they will infest your new mattress.

While cleaning up infested areas will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of them usually requires chemical treatments. Because treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it is important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you can use them on bedding.

Generally it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination.


University of Kentucky College of Agriculture: “Bed Bugs.”

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: “Bed Bugs.”

The New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene: “Stop Bed Bugs Safely.”

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Lancaster County: “Managing Bed Bugs.”



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Bed Bugs: How to Identify Bedbugs and How to Get … – WebMD

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